Takaki, chapter 10 Pacific Crossings: From Japan to the Land of Money Trees



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Takaki, chapter 10



Pacific Crossings: From Japan to the Land of Money Trees


  1. Push and pull


  1. Feudal Japan


  1. Commodore Matthew Perry (1853)


  1. Japanese Meiji government (1868): industrialization and militarization


  1. “Land of the money trees”


  1. Japanese primogeniture


  1. Kingdom of Hawaii


  1. Sojourners


  1. Chinese Exclusion Act (1882)


  1. Gentleman’s Agreement (1907)


  1. Japanese government and controlled migration


  1. Proletarianization of Japanese women


  1. Picture brides


  1. Family as form of labor control


  1. “Get labor first and capital will follow”


  1. Hawaiian Sugar Planters Association


  1. An ethnically diverse labor force (divide and rule strategy)


  1. Philippines War (Savage Acts)


  1. Social Darwinism


  1. Differential wage scales


  1. I’m not a number!


  1. “Plutocrats and coolies”


  1. Stereotype of the docile Asian


  1. “Blood unionism” and Japanese strike of 1909


  1. “It is not the color of skin that grows cane in the field. It is labor that grows cane”


  1. Japanese Federation of Labor and Filipino Federation of Labor


  1. Strikes of 1919-1920 and inter-ethnic solidarity – “shoulder to shoulder”


  1. The Hawaii Laborer’s Association: Japanese, Filipinos, Chinese, Koreans, Spanish, Portuguese, Puerto Ricans, Hawaiians


  1. Evictions and scabs (e.g., importation of Koreans)


  1. “Sh*t runs downhill”


  1. Ono Ono!


  1. Pidgin English


  1. “I want oxen!”


  1. Contradictions – citizenship and education


  1. California – Japanese settlement



  1. Racial antagonism on the mainland


  1. Japanese in agriculture (compare to debt peonage in the South)


  1. Ground floor take off in California (railroads and refrigeration)


  1. Fruit production


  1. Patriarchy in Japanese culture – “No matter how busy I was ,he would never change a diaper”


  1. Kinji Ushijima (George Shima) – The Japanese Horatio Alger (The potato king)


  1. Kyutaro Abiko and Yamato colony (256-257)


  1. The Alien Land Law (1913)


  1. Racial citizenship law (1790) and Takao Ozawa and the limits of assimilation


  1. Issei an Nisei


  1. “You speak English well; how long have you been in this country”?


  1. Ethnic identity and “twoness”


  1. War clouds in Asia


  1. Japanese imperialism




  1. Pearl Harbor attack


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