Table of contents 17. 01 Authority 17-1 17. 02 Purpose 17-1



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  1. Farm acreage – The combined total acreage of all of the following in the base farm tract:




    1. Farms.




    1. Open space parcels of more than 10 acres.




  1. Farm Operator - Any person who owns land and raises crops or livestock on that land or a person who rents land to another for agricultural purposes and who lives on the land having day-to-day contact with the farm operation or a person who lives on land that he has historically farmed. For the purpose of this Chapter, any person who has farmed land for five consecutive years is deemed to have farmed it historically.




  1. Farm residence – Any of the following structures located on a farm:




    1. A one-family or two-family (duplex) dwelling that is the only residential structure on the farm.




    1. A one-family or two-family (duplex) dwelling that is occupied by any of the following:




      1. An owner or operator of the farm.

      2. A parent or child of an owner or operator of the farm.

      3. An individual who earns more than 50% of his or her gross income from the farm.




    1. A migrant labor camp that is certified under s. 103.92, Wis. Stats. or subsequent relevant Wis. Stats.




  1. Farmers’ Market - The temporary sale of farm products at a site other than where they were grown. The sale of farm produce grown on the premises or the sale of not more than five bushels per day of farm produce grown off the premises is not considered a farmers market.




  1. Fence, Open - A structure of rails, planks, stakes, strung wire, or similar material erected as an enclosure, barrier, or boundary. Open fences are those with more than 50% of their surface area open for free passage of light and air. Examples of such fences include barbed wire, chain link, picket, rail fences, and others as identified in sec. 17.20 Fences of this Chapter.




  1. Fence, Ornamental - A fence intended to decorate, accent, or frame a feature of the landscape. Ornamental fences are often used to identify a lot corner or lot line; or frame a driveway, walkway, or planting bed. Ornamental fences are those with more than 80% of their surface area open for free passage of light and air. Ornamental fences are often of the rail, or wrought iron type and other as identified in sec. 17.20 Fences of this Chapter.




  1. Fence, Security - A fence intended to guard property against unauthorized entry, and to protect stored goods and products from theft and other unauthorized handling. Security fences usually exceed six feet in height, are often made of wrought iron or woven wire, and may incorporate additional security features such as barbed wire or as identified in sec. 17.20 Fences of this Chapter.




  1. Fence, Solid - A structure of boards, rails, planks, stakes, slats, or similar material erected as an enclosure, barrier, or boundary. Solid fences are those with 50% or less of their surface area open for free passage of light and air. Examples of such fences are stockade, board-on-board, board and batten, basket weave, and louvered fences or as identified in sec. 17.20 Fences of this Chapter.




  1. Fish Hatchery - The establishment, operation, and maintenance of a facility for the purpose of breeding and propagating fish for sale, transfer, or fee fishing pursuant to relevant Wis. Stats.




  1. Frontage - All the property abutting on a road or street.




  1. Game Farm - The establishment, operation, and maintenance of a game bird or animal farm for the purpose of breeding, propagating, killing, and selling of game birds and animals pursuant to relevant Wis. Stats.




  1. Garage, Private - An accessory building or space for the storage of not more than three motor-driven vehicles.




  1. Garage, Public - Any building or premises, other than a private, or a storage garage, where motor-driven vehicles are equipped, repaired, serviced, hired, sold or stored.




  1. Garage, Storage - Any building or premises used for the storage only of motor-driven vehicles or motor-driven machinery, pursuant to previous arrangements and not to transients, and where no equipment, parts, fuel, grease or oil is sold.




  1. Gross Farm Revenue – Gross receipts from agricultural uses, less the cost or other basis of livestock or other agricultural items purchased for resale which are sold or otherwise disposed of during the taxable year. Gross farm revenue includes receipts accruing to a renter, but does not include rent paid to the landowner.




  1. High-water Mark or Elevation - The average annual high water level of a pond, lake, river, stream, or flowage usually distinguished by a line where the presence of water is so continuous as to leave a distinct mark by erosion, change in, or destruction of vegetation, or other easily recognized topographic, geologic, or vegetative characteristics.




  1. Hobby Farm – A small agricultural holding that is maintained without expectation of being the primary source of income.




  1. Home-based Business – Defined in each relevant zoning district as follows:




    1. R District - A gainful occupation operating from a primary place of residence that occupies no more than 25% of the home; employs no more than one person who is not a member of the household; does not require any specialized equipment or utility services; and has customers and truck delivery services only occasionally coming to the business.




    1. TRD District – As defined above for R District.




    1. RD District – A gainful occupation operating from a primary place of residence, including such light industrial uses as rental storage in an existing outbuilding, contractors shop or warehouse, or machine shop; service offices; bed and breakfast operations; veterinarian office or pet care facility; and similar if they generally met the requirements for accessory uses except that the business:

      1. Employs no more than four (4) people who are not residents of the home.

      2. Has customers and truck delivery services visiting the business frequently, but not daily.

      3. Is located in a specialized building on the property.




    1. A-1 District - A gainful occupation operating from a primary place of residence, including rental storage in an existing barn or other outbuilding, bed and breakfast operations, music teaching, day care facilities, service offices, or other home-based businesses provided the business does not produce excessive noise, waste or pollution and provided that the business is consistent with ch. 91, Wis. Stats.




    1. A-2 District – As defined above for A-1 District.




  1. Home Occupation - A gainful occupation conducted by members of the family only, within their place of residence; provided that no article is sold or offered for sale on the premises except such as is produced by such occupation, that no mechanical equipment is used other than such as is ordinarily used for domestic purposes and that no person other than a member of the immediate family living on the premises is employed. In the A-1 Farmland Preservation District, all home occupations must be consistent with sec. 91.01(1)(d).




  1. Hotel - A building in which lodging, with or without meals, is offered to transient guests for compensation and in which there are more than five sleeping rooms with no cooking facilities in any individual room or apartment.




  1. Interconnected building – Two buildings on the same parcel or on adjoining parcels connected by a shared wall.




  1. Junk Yard - A lot, land, building, or structure, or part thereof used primarily for the collecting, storage, and/or sale of waste paper, rags, scrap metal, or discarded material or for the collecting, dismantling, storage, and salvaging of machinery or vehicles not in running condition and for sale of parts therefrom.




  1. Kennel - A use of land in which more than four dogs over three months of age are kept on the premises.




  1. Landmark - Any structure or improvement which has a special character or special historic interest or value as part of the development, heritage or cultural characteristics of the community, State, or nation and which has been designated as a landmark pursuant to the provisions of this Chapter.




  1. Landmark Site - Any parcel of land of historical significance due to substantial value in tracing the history of aboriginal man, or upon which a historic event has occurred, and, which has been designated as a landmark site pursuant to the provisions of this Chapter; or a parcel of land, or part thereof, on which is located a landmark and any abutting parcel, or part thereof, used as and constituting part of the premises on which the landmark is situated.




  1. Land Owner or Landowners- Any person holding title to or having an interest in land.




  1. Land User - Any person operating, leasing, renting, or having made other arrangements with the landowner by which the landowner authorizes use of his land.




  1. Livestock - Means bovine animals, equine animals, goats, poultry, sheep, swine, farm-raised deer, farm-raised game birds, camelids, rataties and farm-raised fish.




  1. Lodging House - A building other than a hotel where lodging only is provided for compensation for three or more persons not members of the family.




  1. Lot, Zoning - A single property, parcel, unit, tract, plot or otherwise designated to be used, as a unit under single ownership or control, and which may be occupied by one or more structures and the accessory structures, or uses customarily incidental to it, including such open spaces as are arranged and designed to be used in connection with such structure. A zoning lot may or may not coincide with a lot of record.




  1. Lot, Corner – For the purposes of this Chapter, a corner lot shall be defined as any of the following:




    1. A lot located at the junction of and abutting two or more intersecting streets.




    1. A lot located at the junction of and abutting a street and the nearest shoreline or high-water line of a storm or floodwater runoff channel or basin.




    1. A lot located at the junction of and abutting two or more storm or flood water runoff channels or basins.




    1. A lot located or at and abutting the point of abrupt change of a single street where the interior angle is less than 135 degrees and the radius of the street is less than 100 feet.




  1. Lot Depth - The average distance from the front to the rear lot lines measured in the general direction of the side lot lines.




  1. Lot, Interior - A lot other than a corner lot.




  1. Lot Width - The distance between sides of the lot at the building line. In the case of a shoreland lot, the lot width is the width of the lot at both the building line and the waterline.




  1. Manufactured Home – A factory-built, single-family structure that is manufactured in compliance with the National Manufactured Housing Construction and Safety Standards Act of 1974 or subsequent relevant federal statutes (as evidenced by the presence of a manufacturer’s certification label on the unit).




  1. Mobile Home - That which is, or was as originally constructed, designed to be transported by any motor vehicle upon a public highway, and designed, equipped and used primarily for sleeping, eating and living quarters, or is intended to be so used; including any additions, attachments, annexes, foundations and appurtenances. In the purpose of this ordinance, a mobile home shall remain classified as a mobile home regardless of whether its wheels or other rolling devices have been removed or not, and even though assessable value of additions, attachments, annexes, foundations and appurtenances or other added investments to the mobile home equal or exceed 50% of the assessable value of the mobile home.




  1. Mobile Home Park - Any plot or tract of ground upon which two or more mobile homes, occupied for dwelling or sleeping purposes are located, regardless of whether or not a charge is made for such accommodations.




  1. Motel - A building or group of buildings containing rooms which are offered for compensation for the temporary accommodations of transients.




  1. Nonconforming Lot – A lot or parcel existing at the time of the passage of this ordinance or amendments which does not conform to the regulations of this ordinance or amendments thereto.




  1. Nonconforming Use - A building or premises lawfully used or occupied at the time of the passage of this ordinance or amendments, which use, or occupancy does not conform to the regulations of this ordinance or amendments thereto.




  1. Nonfarm Residence – Any residence other than a farm residence.




  1. Nonfarm Residential Acreage – The total number of acres of all parcels on which nonfarm residences are located




  1. Nonmetallic Mining - Operations or activities for the extraction from the earth for sale or use by the operator of mineral aggregates such as stone, sand, gravel and nonmetallic minerals such as asbestos, beryl, clay, feldspar, peat, talc; and topsoil-related operations or activities such as excavation, grading or dredging if the purpose of those operations or activities is the extraction of mineral aggregates and nonmetallic minerals; and related processes such as crushing, screening, scalping, dewatering and blending. Nonmetallic mining or nonmetallic mining operation does not include or allow the following activities or uses by way of illustration which include, but are not limited to: manufacture of concrete building blocks or other similar products, asphalt or hot blacktop mixing and production of ready mix concrete.




  1. Occupancy – Gaining of having physical possession of real property subject to, or in the absence of, legal right or title.




  1. Overlay District - Overlay districts provide for the possibility of superimposing certain additional requirements upon a basic zoning district without disturbing the requirements of the basic district. In the instance of conflicting requirements, the more stringent of the conflicting requirements shall apply.




  1. Person – An individual, corporation, partnership, limited liability company, trust, estate or other legal entity.




  1. Planned Unit Development - The Planned Unit Development (PUD) is intended to permit developments that will, over a period of time, be enhanced by coordinated area site planning, diversified location of structures, diversified building types, and/or mixing of compatible uses. Such developments are intended to provide a safe and efficient system for pedestrian and vehicle traffic; to provide attractive recreation and open spaces as integral parts of the developments; to enable economic design in the location of public and private utilities and community facilities; and to ensure adequate standards of construction and planning. The PUD will allow for flexibility and overall development design with benefits from such design flexibility intended to be derived by both the developer and the community, while at the same time maintaining insofar as possible the land use density and other standards or use requirements set forth in the underlying basic zoning district. All provisions for PUD shall be complied with as stated in the Zoning Code.




  1. Prime Farmland – Any of the following:




    1. An area with a class I or class II land capability classification as identified by the Natural Resources Conservation Service of the United States Department of Agriculture.




    1. Land, other than land described in par. (a), which is identified as prime farmland in the county’s certified farmland preservation plan.




  1. Principal Use or Principal Structure - The main use of land or structures as distinguished from a secondary or accessory use or accessory structure.




  1. Professional Office - The office of a doctor, practitioner, dentist, minister, architect, landscape architect, professional engineer, lawyer, author, musician, beauty parlor or barbershop or other recognized profession.




  1. Protected Farmland – Land that is any of the following:




    1. Located in a farmland preservation zoning district certified under ch. 91, Wis. Stats. or subsequent statutes.




    1. Covered by a farmland preservation agreement under ch. 91, Wis. Stats. or subsequent statutes.




    1. Covered by Purchase of Agricultural Conservation Easements (PACE) under s. 93.73, Wis. Stats. or subsequent statutes.




    1. Otherwise legally protected from nonagricultural development.




  1. Roadside Stand - A structure not permanently fixed to the ground that is readily removable in its entirety, covered or uncovered, and not wholly enclosed, and used solely for the sale of farm products produced on the premises.




  1. Sanitary Sewer - A constructed conduit for the collection and carrying of liquid and solid sewage wastes from two or more premises, other than storm water, to a sewage treatment plant, and which is approved by the Wisconsin Department of Natural Resources (WDNR).




  1. Self-Service Storage Facility - A building or group of buildings that contain varying sizes of individual, compartmentalized, and controlled access stalls or lockers designed primarily for the storage of household items and inventory of small commercial business where storage stalls or lockers are individually leased or rented.




  1. Setback - Lines established along highways at specified distances from the centerline, which permitted buildings or structures shall be set back of, or outside of, and within which they may not be placed except as hereinafter provided. "Within the setback lines" means between the setback line and the highway.




  1. Shorelands - Those lands lying within 1,000 feet from a lake or pond of flowage, and 300 feet from a river or stream or to the landward side of the floodplain, from the ordinary high water mark of navigable waters, whichever distance is greater. Shorelands shall not include those lands adjacent to farm drainage ditches where such lands are not adjacent to a navigable stream or river, those parts of such drainage ditches adjacent to such lands were non-navigable streams before ditching or had no previous stream history, and such lands are maintained in nonstructural agricultural use.




  1. Sign – A device for visual communication that is used for the purpose of bringing the subject thereof to the attention of the public, but not including any flag, badge, or insignia of any government or governmental agency, or any civic, charitable, religious, patriotic, fraternal or similar organization, or any sign indicating address. Each display surface of a sign shall be considered a sign.




  1. Sign, Directional - A sign erected for the purpose of directing persons to a place of business, recreation or public building, school or church.




  1. Stable - Stable shall have the same meaning as garage, one draft animal being considered the equivalent of one self-propelled vehicle.




  1. Street - All property dedicated or intended for public or private street purposes or subject to public easements therefore and 21 feet or more in width.




  1. Street Line - A dividing line between a lot, tract or parcel of land and a contiguous street.




  1. Structure - Anything constructed or erected, the use of which requires a more or less permanent location on or in the ground. Includes but is not limited to objects such as buildings and dwellings.




  1. Temporary Structure - A structure which is built of such materials and in such a way that it would commonly be expected to have a relatively short useful life, or is built for a purpose that would commonly be expected to be relatively short-term and not to be habitable.




  1. Structural Alteration - Any change in the bearing walls, columns, beams, girders, or supporting members of a structure; and change or rearrangement in the floor area of a building, any enlargement of a structure whether by extending horizontally or by increasing in height, and/or any movement of a structure from one location or position to another.
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