|SUSAN WAGNER HIGH SCHOOL SOCIAL STUDIES DEPARTMENT
UNITED STATES HISTORY 2 DEPRESSION OF 1929 / NEW DEAL
1. A significant cause of the Great Depression of the 1930's was that
A. some banking policies were unsound and had led to the overexpansion of credit
B. a decrease in protective tariffs had opened American business to competition from abroad
C. a wave of violent strikes had paralyzed the major industries
D. consumer goods were relatively inexpensive
2. Social Security payments are considered entitlements because
A. They are paid to all eligible workers regardless of the workers income.
B. The Federal Government guarantees the payments using the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (FDIC).
C. workers receive an amount of money equal to the amount they paid into Social Security while they were employed.
D. the Federal Reserve Bank controls the money supply and regulates the banking industry.
3. The National Labor Relations Act (Wagner Act) of 1935 gave labor unions the right to
A. represent workers in collective bargaining
B. insist on an open shop in the workplace
C. establish quotas on immigration
D. use blacklists and yellow dog contracts
4. Critics charged that President Franklin D. Roosevelt's plan to increase the number of Supreme Court Justices was clearly in conflict with
A. the Supreme Court's practice of judicial restraint
B. the constitutional principle of checks and balances
C. attempts of Congress to limit judicial responsibilities
D. efforts to restrict the number of terms a President could serve
5. Which New Deal program was chiefly designed to correct abuses in the stock market?
A. Federal Emergency Relief Act
B. Civilian Conservation Corps
C. Works Progress Administration
D. Securities and Exchange Commission
6. During President Franklin D. Roosevelt's administration, which situation was viewed by critics as a threat to the principle of separation of powers?
A. changing the date of the Presidential inauguration
B. congressional support of banking legislation
C. proposing the expansion of Supreme Court membership
D. passage of Social Security legislation
7. The main purpose of New Deal measures such as the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) and the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (FDIC) was to
A. provide immediate employment opportunities
B. develop rules to limit speculation and safeguard savings
C. enable the Federal Government to take over failing industries
D. assure a guaranteed income for American families
8. A lasting result of the New Deal in the United States has been the
A. reduction of the national debt
B. control of stock prices by the Federal Government
C. joint effort of business and labor to strengthen the Presidency
D. assumption by the Federal Government of greater responsibility for the nation's well-being
9. In the 1930’s President Franklin D. Roosevelt changed the federal government’s role in the economy by
A. reducing programs to help the unemployed
B. ending efforts at trustbusting
C. raising tariffs to protect domestic industries
D. using deficit spending to stimulate economic growth.
10. "You cannot extend the mastery of government over the daily working life of the people without, at the same time, making it the master of the people's souls and thought." -President Herbert Hoover… The idea expressed in the quotation is a basis for President Hoover's belief that the problems of the Great Depression could best be solved by
A. nationalizing major industries
B. requiring business to pay a minimum wage to workers
C. relying mostly on private enterprise and individual initiative to improve economic conditions
D. creating government job programs for the unemployed
11. Which condition increased the negative effects of the Great Depression?
A. Factories had to decrease production because of low demand.
B. Low levels of unemployment created labor shortages.
C. The demand for imported products increased.
D. The Federal Government raised taxes repeatedly.
12. The main reason President Franklin D. Roosevelt attempted to increase the number of Justices on the United States Supreme Court was to
A. force the Court to hear cases involving the rights of minorities and women
B. speed up the Court's review of cases
C. increase the independence of the Court
D. make the Court more supportive of New Deal programs
13. A major result of President Franklin D. Roosevelt's New Deal was
A. a decline in the Federal deficit
B. an expansion of the power of the Federal Government
C. a change in the voting rights of women
D. a reinstitution of the gold standard for United States currency
14. The election of Franklin D. Roosevelt to the Presidency in 1932 reflected the desire of many Americans to
A. return to a policy of laissez faire
B. abandon capitalism in favor of socialism
C. continue the domestic policies of the Hoover administration
D. have government take an active role in solving economic problems
15. A major effect of the National Labor Relations Act (Wagner Act, 1935) was that labor unions
A. were soon controlled by large corporations
B. experienced increasing difficulty in gaining new members
C. obtained the right to bargain collectively
D. lost the right to strike
16. The effectiveness of the New Deal in ending the Great Depression is difficult to measure because
A. President Franklin D. Roosevelt died during his fourth term
B. United States involvement in World War II rapidly accelerated economic growth
C. the Supreme Court declared most New Deal laws unconstitutional
D. later Presidents failed to support most New Deal reforms
17. "Section 202. (a) Every qualified individual shall be entitled to receive.. . on the date he attains the age of sixty-five,.. . and ending on the date of his death, an old-age benefit. . ." A major purpose of this section of Federal legislation was to
A. guarantee an annual income to experienced employees
B. assure adequate medical care for the elderly
C. reward workers for their support of the union movement
D. provide economic assistance to retired workers
18. The Dust Bowl experiences of the Oklahoma farmers during the Great Depression demonstrated the
A. effect of geography on people’s lives
B. success of government farm subsidies
C. limitation of civil liberties during times of crisis
D. result of the Indian Removal Act
19. Statement A: "The best way to economic recovery is to subsidize industry so that it will hire more workers and expand production."
Statement B: "If jobs are not available, the government must create jobs for those who are unemployed."
Statement C: "According to human nature, the most talented people will always come out on top."
Statement D: "Our government is responsible for the nation's economic well-being."
Which statements most strongly support the actions of President Franklin D. Roosevelt?
A. Speaker A and Speaker C
B. Speaker B and Speaker C
C. Speaker C and Speaker D
D. Speaker B and Speaker D
20. Deficit spending by the Federal Government as a means of reviving the economy is based on the idea that
A. purchasing power will increase and economic growth will be stimulated
B. only the National Government can operate businesses efficiently
C. the National Government should turn its revenue over to the states
D. lower interest rates will encourage investment
21. During the New Deal, the Federal Government attempted to improve conditions for farmers by
1. ending the practice of sharecropping
2. supporting the formation of farmworker unions
3. raising tariffs on farm imports
4. paying farmers to take land out of production
22. When the Great Depression began in 1929, the most common economic belief supported by the Republican Party was that
A. an increase in defense spending would stimulate the economy
B. unemployed workers should receive Federal unemployment benefits
C. the government should assume control of industry
D. the economy would recover on its own
23. The economic boom and the financial speculation of the 1920's were caused in part by
A. installment buying and an unregulated stock market
B. the expansion of civil rights to women and minorities
C. the mobilization of the economy for war
D. increased government restrictions on big business
24. The power of labor unions increased during the New Deal mainly because
A. a new spirit of cooperation existed between employers and government
B. a shortage of skilled and unskilled laborers developed
C. management changed its attitude toward organized labor
D. Federal legislation guaranteed labor's right to organize and bargain collectively
25. Which of the following are problems facing the Social Security system in the coming years?
A. retirement of the Baby Boom generation
B. increasing health care costs
C. decreasing number of workers in the work force
D. increased life expectancy
E. all of the above
26. Most conservatives who opposed President Franklin D. Roosevelt’s policies believed that the New Deal was
1. endangering the free enterprise system
2. threatening national security
3. ignoring problems faced by rural Americans
4. failing to enact needed social welfare reforms
27. In the movie Cinderella Man, James Braddock returns the relief money he received because he
A. felt that providing direct relief payments to individuals would lead to socialism
B. was a Republican who supported Herbert Hoover
C. wanted to show support for homeless men who were living in the Hooverville
D. had a moral obligation to repay the funds now that he was making more money
28. Which statement best illustrates a basic idea of FDR's New Deal?
A. Communism provides the only real solution to economic problems.
B. Unemployed workers should rely on the states rather then the federal government for help.
C. The United States reached its economic peak during the 1920's and is now a declining industrial power.
D. The economy sometimes needs public money to encourage business activity.
29. What was one factor that led to the Great Depression?
A. government limitations on the amount of money in circulation
B. high wages paid by employers
C. increases in the tax rate for corporations
D. excessive speculation in the stock market
30. In the 1930's shantytowns, often called Hooverviles, sprang up across the United States because of President Hoover's
A. support for federal programs to provide jobs for the unemployed
B. refusal to provide direct federal aid to the homeless
C. efforts to help the residents return to their farms
D. emergency relief program to provide food for the poor
31. "The moment responsibilities of any community, particularly in economic and social questions, are shifted from any part of the nation to Washington, then that community has subjected itself to a remote bureaucracy. It has lost a large part of its voice in the control of its own destiny."
This quotation most closely reflects the economic view of
A. Herbert Hoover
B. Franklin D. Roosevelt
C. George Washington
D. Alex Rodriguez
32. In the movie Cinderella Man, Angelo Dundee played the role of one of James Braddocks cornermen. In real life Dundee was the trainer for
A. Tiger Woods
B. Max Schmelling
C. Joe Louis
D. Muhammad Ali
33. Which conditions are most characteristic of an economic depression?
A. high unemployment and overproduction
B. large business investment and low taxes
C. too much money in circulation and high stock prices
D. high employment and increased real estate investment
34. Which law listed below guaranteed old age pensions and death benefits for most workers?
A. Homestead Act
B. Wagner Act
C. National Recovery Act
D. Social Security Act
35. One difference between the administration of President Franklin Roosevelt and President Herbert Hoover is that Roosevelt was
A. unwilling to allow government agencies to establish jobs programs
B. unable to win Congressional support for his economic program
C. able to ignore economic issues for most of his first term in office
D. more willing to use government intervention to solve economic problems
36. The National Industrial Recovery Act and the National Labor Relations Act are often cited as evidence that New Deal legislation
A. tried to keep the costs of labor down
B. sympathized with the interests of workers
C. blamed unions for slowing economic recovery
D. favored management over unions
37. Which aspect of the New Deal programs was most clearly a continuation of Progressive Era policies?
1. government regulation of business activities
2. restoration of the cultural and tribal traditions of Native American Indians
3. free health care for all Americans
4. government purchase of surplus farm products
38. The creation of the Tennessee Valley Authority is an example of
A. federal intervention to meet regional needs
B. state-funded regional transportation
C. free-market capitalism
D. laissez-faire economics
39. The New Deal changed political thinking in the United States because it supported the idea that the
A. rights of workers are less important than the interests of business
B. Supreme Court should have an important role to play in the economy
C. government should become more involved in the social and economic life of the people
D. president's foreign policy is more important than his domestic policy
40. "Prices and wages should be determined by the marketplace." The author of this statement would most probably support
A. government ownership of utilities
B. minimum-wage laws
C. wage and price controls
D. laissez-faire capitalism
41. The march of the “Bonus Army” and referring to shantytowns as “Hoovervilles” in the early 1930s illustrate
A. growing discontent with Republican efforts to deal with the Great Depression
B. state projects that created jobs for the unemployed
C. federal attempts to restore confidence in the American economy
D. the president’s success in solving social problem
42. During the Great Depression, expressions such as Hoovervilles and Hoover blankets showed that President Hoover
A. was seen as a role model
B. used the military to aid the unemployed
C. was blamed for the suffering of the poor
D. supported relief and public housing for the needy
43. The New Deal programs of President Franklin D. Roosevelt changed the United States economy by
A. restoring the principle of a balanced budget
B. expanding the trust-busting practices of Progressive Era presidents
C. encouraging greater production of agricultural goods
D. increasing government involvement with both business and labor
44. During President Franklin D. Roosevelt’s administration, the Federal Deposit Insurance
Corporation (FDIC) and the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) were created as a
A. provide jobs to those who were unemployed
B. raise revenue for relief and recovery programs
C. limit risks associated with savings and investments
D. implement the new income tax amendment
45. What were two basic causes of the Dust Bowl during the early 1930s?
A. strip mining and toxic waste dumping
B. over-farming and severe drought
C. clear-cutting of forests and construction of railroads
D. overpopulation and urban sprawl
46. What is a major function of the Federal Reserve Board and the Securities and Exchange
A. writing legislation affecting economic issues
B. enforcing tariff laws and collecting duties on imports
C. guarding against fraud and corruption in government agencies
D. regulating certain economic activities of banks and the stock market