Supervisor: Dr., M. A. Stephen Paul Hardy, Ph. D



Download 308.31 Kb.
Page20/20
Date conversion14.05.2016
Size308.31 Kb.
1   ...   12   13   14   15   16   17   18   19   20

10Works Cited


Primary Sources

Alfred the Great. “Preface to St Gregory’s Pastoral Care.” Ed. and trans. Kevin Crossley-Holland. The Anglo-Saxon World. An Anthology. Oxford, New York, Toronto: Oxford UP, 1984. 218–20. Print.

Bede. Ecclesiastical History of the English People. Trans. D. H. Farmer, and Leo Sherley-Price. London: Penguin Books, 1990. Print.

Defoe, Daniel. “The True-Born Englishman.” The Works of Daniel Defoe Carefully Selected from the Most Authentic Sources. With Chalmers’ life of the Author, Annotated. Ed. John S. Keltie. Edinburgh: W. P. Nimmo, Hay, & Mitchell, 1903.

Dickens, Charles. A Child’s History of England. Vol. 1. New York: Harper & Brothers, 1854. Print.

Hare, John. “St. Edward’s Ghost; or Anti-Normanism.” The Harleian Miscellany; or, A Collection of Scarce, curious, and Entertaining Pamphlets and Tracts, As Well in Manuscript as in Print, Found in the Late Earl of Oxford's Library, Interspersed with Historical, Political, and Critical Notes. Vol. 6. London: Printed for Robert Dutton, 1810. 90–106. Print.

Malmesbury, William of. Chronicle of the Kings of England. Ed. J. A. Giles. London: Henry G. Bohn, York Street, Covent Garden, 1847. Print.

McCaughrean, Geraldine. Britannia: 100 Great Stories from British History. London: Orion Childrens, 2004. Print.

Parker, Matthew. A Testimony of Antiquity Concerning the Sacramental Body and Blood of Christ; Written in the old Saxon Tongue Before the Conquest: Being a Homily Appointed, in the Reign of the Saxons, to be spoken at Easter, as a Charge, to the People. Together with the Two Epistles of Aelfric on the same subject. London: 1736. Print.

The Romance of Guy of Warwick. The second or 15th-century Version. Ed. Dr. Julius Zupitza. London: N. Trübner & Co., 1875–6. Print.

Secondary Sources

Alfred the Great: Asser’s Life of King Alfred and Other Contemporary Sources. Trans. and ed. Simon Keynes, and Michael Lapidge. Harmondsworth: Penguin Classics, 1983. Print.

Appiah, Kwame Anthony. “Race.” Critical Terms for Literary Study. Ed. Frank Lentricchia, and Thomas McLaughlin. 2nd ed. Chicago: The University of Chicago Press, 1995. 274–87. Print.

Ashe, Laura. Fiction and History in England, 1066–1200. New York: Cambridge UP, 2007. Print.

Barlow, Frank. The Norman Conquest and Beyond. London: The Hambledon Press, 1983. Print.

Beer, Max. A History of British Socialism. Arno Press Inc., 1979. Print.

Blair, Peter Hunter, and Simon Keynes. An Introduction to Anglo-Saxon England. 3rd ed. Cambridge: Cambridge UP, 2003. Print.

Blair, John, and Peter Salway. Roman and Anglo-Saxon Britain. Ed. Kenneth O. Morgan. Rev. ed. 2nd print. Oxford: Oxford UP, 1992. Print. Vol. 1 of The Oxford History of Britain. 5 vols.

Blake, J. L. A General Bibliographical Dictionary Comprising a Summary Account of the Most Distinguished Persons of All Ages, Nations and Professions. Including More than One Thousand Articles of American Biography. 3rd ed. Philadelphia: James Kay, Jun. and Brother, 1840. Print.

Bloom, Harold. Bloom’s Major Novelists: Charles Dickens. New York: Chelsea House, 2000. Print.

Bradley, Ian C. Believing in Britain: the Spiritual Identity of ‘Britishness’. London: I. B. Tauris, 2007. Print.

Brooks, Nicholas. Anglo-Saxon Myths: State and Church 400-1066. Rio Grande: The Hambledon Press, 2000. Print.

Cannon, John, and Ralph Griffiths. The Oxford Illustrated History of the British Monarchy. New York: Oxford UP, 1988. Print.

Carrington, John. Our Greatest Writers and Their Major Works. Oxford: How To Books, 2003. Print.

Chapman, Raymond. The Sense of the Past in Victorian Literature. Beckenham: Croom Helm Ltd, 1986. Print.

Chesterton, G. K. Charles Dickens. The Echo Library, 2007. Print.

Colley, Linda. Britons: Forging the Nation, 1707–1837. New Haven and London: Yale UP, 2009. Print.

Condor, Susan. “Unimagined Community? Some Social Psychological Issues Concerning English National Identity.” Changing European Identities: Social Psychological Analyses of Social Change. Ed. Glynis M. Breakwell & Evanthia Lyons. Oxford: Butterworth-Heinemann, 1996. 41–68. Print. International Series in social psychology.

Cone, Carl B. The English Jacobins: Reformers in late 18th Century England. New Jersey: Transactions Publishers, 2010. Print.

Crane, Susan. Insular Romance: Politics, Faith and Culture in Anglo-Norman and Middle English Literature. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1986. Print.

Dargie, Richard. A History of Britain. London: Arcturus Publishing Ltd, 2007. Print.

David, Deirdre. “Empire, Race, and the Victorian Novel.” A Companion to the Victorian Novel. Ed. Patrick Brantlinger and William B. Thesing. Blackwell Publishing, 2002. Print. Blackwell Companions to Literature and Culture Series.

Davis, Kathleen. “National Writing in the Ninth Century: A Reminder for Postcolonial Thinking about the Nation.” Journal of Medieval and Early Modern Studies 28.3 (1998): 611–37. Print.

“Defoe, Daniel.” Encyclopaedia Britannica Online. Encyclopaedia Britannica, 2010. Web. 23 Sep. 2010.

“Devolution.” Encyclopaedia Britannica Online. Encyclopaedia Britannica, 2010. Web. 30 Oct. 2010.

“Dickens, Charles.” Encyclopaedia Britannica Online. Encyclopaedia Britannica, 2010. Web. 1 Oct. 2010.

Doyle, Laura. “Liberty, Race, and Larsen in Atlantic Modernity: A New World Genealogy.” Geomodernisms: Race, Modernism, Modernity. Ed. Laura Doyle and Laura Winkiel. Bloomington: Indiana UP, 2005. Print.

Dworkin, Dennis. “Intellectual Adventures in the Isles: Kearney and the Ireland Peace Process.” Traversing the Imaginary: Richard Kearney and the Postmodern Challenge. Ed. Peter Gratton and John Panteleimon Manoussakis. Northwestern UP, 2007. Print.

Farmer. D. H. Introduction. Ecclesiastical History of the English People. By Bede. Trans. D. H. Farmer, and Leo Sherley-Price. London: Penguin Books, 1990. 19–35. Print.

Farmer. D. H. Notes. Ecclesiastical History of the English People. By Bede. Trans. D. H. Farmer, and Leo Sherley-Price. London: Penguin Books, 1990. 361–78. Print.

Fogle, French. “Historiography, Milton and Seventeenth-Century.“ A Milton Encyclopedia. Ed. William B. Hunter, Jr. Vol. 3. Cranbury: Associated UP, 1978. Print.

Foot, Sarah. “The Making of Angelcynn: English Identity Before the Norman Conquest.” Transactions of the Royal Historical Society 6.6 (1996). [reprinted in Old English Literature: critical essays. Roy M. Liuzza, ed. New Haven: Yale University Press, 2002. Print.]

Frantzen, Allen J., and John D. Niles. Anglo-Saxonism and the Construction of Social Identity. Gainesville: University Press of Florida, 1997. Print.

Frantzen, Allen J. Desire for Origins: New Language, Old English, and Teaching the Tradition. New Brunswick: Rutgers UP, 1990. Print.

Geraldine McCaughrean. News and Features from Children’s Literature. Jubilee Books, 2002. Web. 16 Nov. 2010.

Gillingham, John and Ralph Alan Griffiths. Medieval Britain: A Very Short Introduction. New York: Oxford UP, 2002. Print.

James, Louis. The Victorian Novel. Malden: Blackwell Publishing, 2006. Print.

Kramer, Jürgen. Britain and Ireland: A Concise History. Abingdon: Routledge, 2007. Print.

Ferguson, William. The Identity of the Scottish Nation: An Historic Quest. Edinburgh: Edinburgh UP, 1998. Print.

Gleason, Philip. “American Identity and Americanization.” Harvard Encyclopedia of American Ethnic Groups. Ed. Stephan Thernstrom, Ann Orlov and Oscar Handlin. Cambridge: Belknap Press of Harvard University, 1980. Print.

Grabes, Herbert. “‘Elect Nation’: The Founding Myth of National Identity in Early Modern England.” Writing the Early Modern English Nation: The Transformation of National Identity in the Sixteenth- and Seventeenth-Century England. Ed. Herbert Grabes. Amsterdam: Editions Rodopi B.V., 2001. 173–91. Print.

Gransden, Antonia. Historical Writing in England I c. 550 to c. 1307. London: Routledge, 1998. Print.

Greenberg, Janelle. “The Confessor’s Laws and the Radical Face of the Ancient Constitution”. English Historical Review 104.412 (1989): 611–37. Print.

Guilhamet, Leon. Defoe and the Whig Novel: A Reading of the Major Fiction. Cranbury: Associated UP, 2010. Print.

Haigh, Christopher, ed. The Cambridge Historical Encyclopedia of Great Britain and Ireland. 1st ed. Cambridge: Cambridge UP, 1990. Print.

Hill, Christopher. Puritanism and Revolution: Studies in Interpretation of the English Revolution of the 17th Century. New ed. Palgrave Macmillan, 1997. Print.

Hobsbawm, E. J. Nations and Nationalism since 1780: Programme, Myth, Reality. Cambridge: Cambridge UP, 1990. Print.



The Houghton Mifflin Dictionary of Biography. Boston: Houghton Mifflin Company, 2003. Print.

Horsman, Reginald. Race and Manifest Destiny: The Origins of American Racial Anglo-Saxonism. Cambridge: Harvard UP, 1981. Print.

Ingelbien, Raphaël. Misreading England: Poetry and Nationhood since the Second World War. Amsterdam: Editions Rodopi B. V., 2002. Print.

Introduction. The Complete Works of Charles Dickens (in 30 volumes, illustrated): A Child’s History of England. By Charles Dickens. New York: Cosimo, Inc., 2009. Print.

John, Eric. Reassessing Anglo-Saxon England. Manchester: Manchester UP, 1996. Print.

Jones, W. Lewis. “Latin Chronicles from the Eleventh to the Thirteenth Centuries.” The Cambridge History of English and American Literature. Ed. A. W. Ward & A. R. Waller. Vol. 1. New York: G.P. Putnam’s Sons, 1907–21. Print.

Kennedy, William Paul McClure. Archbishop Parker. BiblioBazaar, 2008. Print.

Keynes, Simon, and Michael Lapidge. Introduction. Alfred the Great: Asser’s Life of King Alfred and Other Contemporary Sources. Trans. and ed. Simon Keynes, and Michael Lapidge. Harmondsworth: Penguin Classics, 1983. 9–58. Print.

Kidd, Colin. British Identities before Nationalism: Ethnicity and Nationhood in the Atlantic World 1600–1800. Cambridge: Cambridge UP, 2004.

Kohn, Hans. “The Genesis and Character of English Nationalism.” Journal of the History of Ideas 1.1 (1940): 69–94. Print.

Kumar, Krishan. The Making of English National Identity. Cambridge: Cambridge UP, 2003. Print.

“Labour Party.” Encyclopaedia Britannica Online. Encyclopaedia Britannica, 2010. Web. 30 Oct. 2010.

Lapidge, Michael, John Blair, Simon Keynes, and Donald Scragg, eds. The Blackwell Encyclopaedia of Anglo-Saxon England. Blackwell Publishings Ltd, 2001. Print.

Levy, Fred Jacob. Tudor Historical Thought. New ed. Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 2004. Print.

Magennis, Hugh. “Gildas”. The Literary Encyclopedia. The Literary Encyclopedia, 2002. Web. 15 Oct. 2010.

Malone, Kemp. “Anglo-Saxon: A Semantic Study.” Review of English Studies 5.18 (1929): 173–85. Print.

McDowall, David. An Illustrated History of Britain. Harlow: Longman, 1989. Print.

Migration Statistics 2008 (Annual Report). The Office of National Statistics. 2009. Web. 2 October 2010.

Nangonová, Stella. An Outline of British History. Ostrava: Ostravská univerzita, 1995. Print.

Newcombe, David Gordon. Henry VIII and the English Reformation. London: Routledge, 1995. Print.

Novak, Maxmillian E. Daniel Defoe: Master of Fictions. Oxford: Oxford UP, 2003. Print.

O’Reilly, Elizabeth. Geraldine McCaughrean. Contemporary Writers. British Council, 2007. Web. 16 Nov. 2010.

Ogg, Frederic Austin. The Governments of Europe. Vol. 1. BiblioBazaar, 2009. Print.

Ortenberg, Veronica. In Search of the Holy Grail: The Quest for the Middle Ages. London: Hambledon Continuum, 2006. Print.

“Parker, Matthew.” Encyclopaedia Britannica Online. Encyclopaedia Britannica, 2010. Web. 28 Aug. 2010.

Partington, Charles F., ed. The British Cyclopaedia of Biography: Containing the Lives of Distinguished Men of All Ages and Countries, with Portraits, Residences, Autographs, and Monuments. Vol. 2. London: WM. S. Orr & Co., 1838. Print.

Paxman, Jeremy. The English: A Portrait of a People. London: Penguin Books, 1999. Print.

Pendrill, Colin. The English Reformation: Crown Power and Religious Change, 1485–1558. Oxford: Heinemann Educational Publishers, 2000. Print.

Pittock, Murray. Celtic Identity and the British Image. Manchester: Manchester UP, 1999. Print.

Reynolds, Susan. “What Do We Mean by ‘Anglo-Saxon’ and ‘Anglo-Saxons’?” Journal of British Studies 24 (1985): 395–414. Print.

Richmond, Velma Bourgeois. The Legend of Guy of Warwick. Taylor and Francis, Inc., 1995. Print.

Rodrick, Anne B. The History of Great Britain. Westport: Greenwood Press, 2004. Print.

Rouse, Robert Allen. The Idea of Anglo-Saxon England in Middle English Romance. Woodbridge: Boydell and Brewer Ltd, 2005. Print. Studies in medieval romance.

Sampson, George and R. C. Churchill. The Concise Cambridge History of English Literature. 3rd ed. Cambridge: Cambridge UP, 1970. Print.

Saul, Nigel. “Medieval England: Identity, Politics, and Society.” The Oxford Illustrated History of Medieval England. New York: Oxford UP, 1997. Print.

Scragg, Donald. “Introduction. The Anglo-Saxons: fact and fiction.Literary Appropriations of the Anglo-Saxons from the Thirteenth to the Twentieth Century. Ed. Donald Scragg and Carole Weinberg. Cambridge: Cambridge UP, 2000. 1–21. Print. Cambridge Studies in Anglo-Saxon England 29.

Shippey, T. A. “The Undeveloped Image: Anglo-Saxon in popular consciousness from Turner to Tolkien.” Literary Appropriations of the Anglo-Saxons from the Thirteenth to the Twentieth Century. Ed. Donald Scragg and Carole Weinberg. Cambridge: Cambridge UP, 2000. 215–36. Print. Cambridge Studies in Anglo-Saxon England 29.

Shrank, Cathy. Writing the Nation in Reformation England, 1530–1580. Oxford UP: New York, 2004. Print.

Smith, Rogers M. Stories of Peoplehood: The Politics and Morals of Political Membership. Cambridge: Cambridge UP, 2003. Print.

Swanson, Robert Norman. The twelfth-century Renaissance. Manchester: Manchester UP, 1999. Print.

Thomas, Hugh M. The English and the Normans: Ethnic Hostility, Assimilation and Indentity 1066–c. 1220. New York: Oxford UP Inc., 2003. Print.

Thomas, Joseph. The Universal Dictionary of Biography and Mythology, Vol. II. (in four volumes): CLU – HYS. New York: Cosimo Classics, 2010. Print. First published in 1887.

Thomson, Rodney M. William of Malmesbury. Rev. ed. Woodbridge: The Boydell Press, 2003. Print.

Turville-Petre, Thorlac. “Havelok and the History of the Nation.” Readings in Medieval English Romance. Ed. Carol M. Meale. Cambridge: D. S.Brewer, 1994. 121–34. Print.

“Transubstantiation.” Encyclopaedia Britannica Online. Encyclopaedia Britannica, 2010. Web. 28 Aug. 2010.

Ward, A. W. “Historians, Biographers and Political Orators.” The Cambridge History of English and American Literature. Ed. A. W. Ward & A. R. Waller. Vol. 14. New York: G.P. Putnam’s Sons, 1907–21. Print.

Ward-Perkins, Bryan. “Why did the Anglo-Saxons not become more British?” English Historical Review 115.462 (2000): 513–533. Print.

Webber, Nick. The Evolution of Norman Identity, 911-1154. Woodbridge: The Boydell Press, 2005. Print.

Williams, Abigail. Poetry in the Creation of a Whig Culture 1681–1714. Oxford: Oxford UP, 2005. Print.

“Witan.” Encyclopaedia Britannica Online. Encyclopaedia Britannica, 2010. Web. 17 Nov. 2010.

Wood, Tim. The Stuarts. Loughborough: Ladybird Books, 1994. Print.

Wormald, Patrick. “Anglo-Saxon Society and Its Literature.” The Cambridge Companion to Old English Literature. Ed. Malcolm Godden and Michael Lapidge. Cambridge: Cambridge UP, 1991. 1–22. Print.

Wormald, Patrick. “Engla Lond: the Making of an Allegiance.” Journal of Historical Sociology 7.1 (1994): 1–24. Print.

Wright, Thomas. Essays on Subjects Connected with the Literature, Popular Superstitions, and History of England in the Middle Ages; Vol 1. Lodge Press, 2008. Print.

Wylie, James A. The History of Protestantism. Vol 1. Rapidan: Hartland Publications, 2002. Print.


11Resumé


Tato diplomová práce se na základě analýzy primárních zdrojů zabývá tím, jak různé pojetí anglosaského období anglických dějin ovlivňovalo vývoj anglické identity, a to od té doby, kdy můžeme poprvé mluvit o anglické identitě, až po současnost.

Práce je rozdělena do osmi kapitol, přičemž každá z nich pojednává o určitém období anglických dějin. Nejprve je vždy představeno dané období, pak následuje shrnutí dosavadních poznatků o tom, jak se v této době vyvíjela anglická identita a jak bylo vnímána anglosaská minulost. Na závěr je vždy analyzováno jedno dílo vytvořené v daném období. Jedná se například o historické spisy, pamflety či literaturu pro děti.

Z výsledků práce vyplývá, že odlišné interpretace anglosaské minulosti sloužily různým autorům ke konstrukci různých anglických identit v mnoha, ačkoli ne všech období anglických dějin. Když se v devátém století král Alfréd Veliký obracel se svým vzdělávacím programem k Anglosasům, které sjednotil pod svou nadvládu, tvrdil, že obnovuje mocný anglický stát, proslulý vzdělaností. V pozdním středověku sloužila hrdinská anglosaská minulost k propagaci anglické národní identity, která soupeřila s jinými druhy identity, např. regionální identitou. Za vlády dynastie Tudorovců byla anglosaská minulost jedním z prostředků k zobrazení Angličanů jako protestantského národa. Během anglické občanské války vykreslovali revolucionáři Angličany jako potomky svobodných Anglosasů. V devatenáctém století pak nadřazenost anglosaské rasy vysvětlovala úspěchy Britského impéria.

12Summary


The aim of this thesis was to investigate, via primary sources, the influence of different appropriations of the Anglo-Saxon past on the development of English identity from the earliest period that we can make reference to English identity until the present day.

For this purpose, the thesis was divided into eight chapters, each dealing with a different period of English history. After briefly introducing each period and summarizing what has been argued about the perception of the Anglo-Saxon past and English identity in this period, one work by a contemporary author was examined for each period, including historical accounts, pamphlets, and children’s books.



It was found that in many, though not all periods of English history, different interpretations of Anglo-Saxon past served the authors in constructing different identities for the English. When King Alfred the great addressed the Anglo-Saxons united under his rule with his education programme in the ninth century, he claimed to be renewing an English state reputed for its learning. In the late Middle Ages, the Anglo-Saxon past was used for promoting English national identity which competed with other types of identity, for instance the regional one. Under the reign of the Tudors, the Anglo-Saxon past served in constructing the English as a Protestant nation. During the English Civil War, the English were depicted by the revolutionaries as the descendants of the free Anglo-Saxons. In the nineteenth century, the superiority of the Anglo-Saxon race provided an explanation for the expansion of the British Empire.

1 Gildas was a 6th century British historian and a monk. This book of his is the most important source for fifth-century Britain, though it concentrates more on the downfall of the Britons and their conquest by the pagan Anglo-Saxons, caused by their sinfulness and the incapacity of their leaders, than on historical details (Magennis).

2 Witan (or Witenagemot) was the council of the Anglo-Saxon kings. It advised the king on the matters on which he chose to ask its opinion. It was composed of the greater nobles and bishops and its composition and time of meeting were determined by the king (“Witan”).

3 Arthur was a legendary prince of a British tribe who became famous thanks to defensive battles against the Anglo-Saxons at the beginning of the sixth century (Grabes 181).

4 Dissenters, as well as “Low Churchmen” were predominantly Whigs. They were opposed by the “highfliers”, the High-Church Tories (“Defoe”).

5 In fact, the pamphlet The Shortest-Way With The Dissenters was written in an ironic way: using the arguments of High-Church Tories, but bringing them to absurdity, he pretended to argue against the dissenters. However, both sides took it seriously, and Defoe was prosecuted for seditious libel and finally arrested (“Defoe”).

6 Linda Colley’s Britons: Forging the Nation 1707-1837 (1992/1994), Raphael Samuel’s Theatres of Memory (1994, 1999a), Stephen Haseler’s The English Tribe (1996), Adrian Hastings’s The Construction of Nationhood (1997), Norman Davies’s The Isles (1999), Simon Heffer’s Nor Shall My Sword: The Reinvention of England (1999), Jeremy Paxman’s The English: A Portrait of a People (1999), etc. (Kumar 251-52).

7 Yasmin Alibhai-Brown’s Who Do We Think We Are? (2000/2001), Edwin Jones’s The English Nation: The Great Myth (2000); The Future of Multi-Ethnic Britain (a Report of the Runnymede Trust, 2000); TV series A History of Britain (2000-01) and The Day Britain Died (2000), etc. (Kumar 251-52).

8 For instance John Blair’s The Anglo-Saxon Age: A Very Short Introduction (2003), Margaret Sharman’s Anglo-Saxons (2003), Haydn Middleton’s Romans, Anglo-Saxons and Vikings in Britain (2005), Peter D. Riley Anglo-Saxon Invaders and Settlers (2005), Sally Hewitt’s The Anglo-Saxons (2006), Geoffrey Hindley’s A Brief History of the Anglo-Saxons (2006), Terry Deary’s The Smashing Saxons (2007), Maskell, Hazel and Abigail Wheatley’s Anglo-Saxons and Vikings (2010).
1   ...   12   13   14   15   16   17   18   19   20


The database is protected by copyright ©essaydocs.org 2016
send message

    Main page