Summer of Kleist Memorial Tournament



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Summer of Kleist Memorial Tournament

Round 6
Tossups


1. Her first novel, The Samurai was published in 1990 and contained a semiautobiographical account of student riots in 1960’s. That same year she has honored by the French government for her contribution to the nation’s intellectual life. She is best known for her critical essays in the French literary journal Tel Quel, which married Freudian ideals with postmodernism and the synthesized the works of varied thinkers such as Bakhtin, Foucault, and Lacan. Branded as a revisionist in her psychological and political theories, she was hailed by her mentor Roland Barthes as “the stranger” who “destroyed the last preconception.” FTP, name this Bulgarian born feminist structuralist psychoanalyst who has shares Columbia University’s Literary Semiology Chair with Umberto Eco.
Answer: Julia _KRISTEVA_
2. Its foundations were laid by Dirac’s equations modeling the motions and spin of electrons. It states that that the interaction between two charged particles can be modeled by the exchange of an infinite number of photons. none of which are observable because their existence violates energy and momentum conservation. For each successive photon, the contribution is multiplied by the fine structure constant, making the higher order terms negligible. These interactions can be modeled with the eponymous diagrams developed by Richard Feynman. FTP, name this theory, for which Feynman, Schwinger, and Tomonaga won the Nobel Prize in 1965.
A: quantum electrodynamics or QED
3. After this battle, 27 instigators were executed on the Staromestske Square, and the city in close proximity was occupied by both the Saxons and the Swedes. The Catholics were led by the Bavarian field marshal the Count of Tilly, while the Protestants were commanded by Christian I of Anhalt with supplements from the Hungarian nobleman and adventurer Bethlen Gabor. On the morning of the battle, a heavy mist protected the Catholics, who were able to rout the Protestant forces. FTP, name this battle, which led to the exile of king Frederick V of Bohemia and the reestablishment of Ferdinand II as sovereign of Prague, one of the first major engagements of the Thirty Years’ War.
Answer: The Battle of White Mountain
4. Eschewing practicality, the author of this book was actually seeking the ideal that hid behind a slew of transient and fragmentary examples. The attention to attainment of the ideal manifests itself in the famous passage about “nonchalance”, which somehow tries to formalize informality. The book consists of 4 parts, the first of which, most famous, is to arrive at the concept of the perfect gentleman. FTP, name this Renaissance work, describing the ideal aristocrat, written by Baldesar Castiglione.
Answer: The Book of the Courtier
5. Born in 1827, he received much of his training from the renowned sculptor François Rude. Prize money he received for his early works enabled him to leave his native France and spend time in Rome, during which he absorbed the influences of the great Italian Renaissance masters. His reputation was carved in 1861, when his bronze sculpture “Ugolino and His Sons” was placed in the Tuileries Gardens of Paris. Napoleon III took a shine to him and commissioned the rising star to create numerous portrait busts. However, praise for his work began to dissipate as he was lambasted for putting an immoral façade featuring cavorting nymphs on the Paris Opéra. FTP, identify this sculptor of “The Dance,” whose rhythmic works ran counter to French academic notions and whose style heralded that of August Rodin.
Answer: Jeam-Baptiste _CARPEAUX_
6. The later novels Hydra Head, Distant Relations, The Old Gringo, and Christopher Unborn. Burnt Water is a collection of translations of 12 short stories written after 1954. The novel Terra Nostra explores the culture of the New and Old Worlds, using Jungian archetypal symbolism. The New Hispano-American Novel is his most important work of literary criticism. A Change of Skin is a novel which defines the Mexican collective unconscious. The Good Conscious examines the moral compromises that mark the transition from a rural to an urban economy. FTP, all of these works were written by which Mexican author, whose most famous work presents the last hours of a wealth survivor of the Mexican revolution, Artemio Cruz.
Answer: Carlos Fuentes
7. According to tradition, its every earthly appearance will be in a different, pre-determined form. During the rectification of the Vuldronaii, it embodied a giant Torb and during the third reconciliation of the last of the Meketrex, it took on the form of the flaming Sloar. Also known as the Traveller, this deity enjoyed brief popularity in modern era when doomsday cult leader Ivo Shandor, amassed about one thousand followers in the 1920’s. Its last appearance occurred in New York City in the early 1980’s, and its advent was heralded by two demonic minions, Vinz Clortho and Zuul. FTP, name this destructive Sumerian god battled by Peter, Egon, Ray, and Winston in the movie “Ghostbusters.”
Answer: _GOZER_.
8. During her reign, she founded the college at Sainte Genevieve in Paris. The death of her brother Theobald left her father without an heir. Though promised by the Convention of Bonlieu to be wed to either Prince Henry or Prince Alfonso of England, they both died while she was still in childhood, though she was eventually wed in the year 1284, at the age of eleven. She died while giving birth to Louis X, through whom the crowns of France and her kingdom were united. For 10 points – identify this wife of Philip IV of France.
Answer: Jeanne I de Navarre (or Joan of Navarre or Juana of Navarre)
9. According to it, in order to achieve an extra four digits of accuracy, about ten times the work is required in calculation. Stemming from the fact that the error in using the trapezoid rule to approximate an area has about the opposite of twice the magnitude of the error obtained from using the midpoint rule, a weighted average of the two will yield much greater accuracy. FTP, name this rule of approximation that is obtained by adding the midpoint area calculation to the trapezoid area calculation and multiplying that sum by two-thirds.

Answer: _SIMPSON_’s Rule.


10. He attracted attention in 1926 when he took up arms in support of exiled Vice President Juan Sacasa’s claim to the office of President Adolfo Díaz. The pro-Sacasa faction won the support of Mexico, prompting the U.S. to side with Diaz since it was feuding with the Mexicans at the time. The following year, his men retreated into the mountains in the wake of U.S. Marine intervention and thus eluded capture. The anti-American sentiment aroused by his struggle was a key factor in the implementation of F.D.R.’s “Good Neighbor Policy” towards Latin America. He finally met his end in 1934, when instead of being brought to General Anastasio Samoza to discuss peace terms, he was kidnapped and murdered by National Guardsmen. FTP, name the guerilla leader who lent his name to the revolutionary ruling party of Nicaragua from 1979 to 1990.
Answer: César Augusto _SANDINO_
11 He maintained a professional relationship with Le Corbusier for 12 years, during which he designed the Philips Pavilion for the Brussels International Exhibition of 1958. Embarking on a second career, he underwent training by Olivier Messiaen at the Paris Conservatory and set to work shaking up the already tumultuous world of musical composition. His 1955 essay, “The Crisis of Serial Music” outlined a system in which performers were to be directed to produce sounds via special notation derived from a computer program. This theory was then put to practice with the works Achorripsis, Morisma-Amorisma, and Atrées (Hommage à Blaise Pascal). FTP, name this father of musique stochatisque and composer of the logically titled ST/10-1,080262.
Answer: Iannis _XENAKIS_
12. Formed by the confluence of the Vakhsh and Panj rivers, this river basin was not fully mapped until the 1920s even though it was known to ancient Greeks, Romans, and Arabs. Its lower course forms the boundary between the Karakum and Kyzylkum (kitz-il-KUM) deserts, while its upper course marks part of the northern border of Afghanistan. Bessus retreated across it in 329 B.C.E., after which he was followed by Alexander the Great, who referred to it as the Oxus. For 10 points – identify this river that, due to massive diversion for cotton irrigation, no longer flows into the Aral Sea.
Answer: Amu Darya (accept early Oxus)
13. The first part of this book contain criticisms of the English political system as presented to Cardinal Morton, Henry VII chancellor. These are presented to by a man whose name in Greek literally means, “a talker of nonsense.” This man is introduced to the narrator in Belgium by Peter Giles. Hythloday, the man in question, is purported to be a companion of Amerigo Vespucci. It is in his travels that Hythloday discovers the topic of conversation for the second part of the book. FTP, name this work, in which an ideal island kingdom is described, written by Thomas More.
Answer: Utopia
14. When his vision became poor, late in life, he turned to his hobby, mathematics, which he then used to work on perspective. In 1445, he was commissioned by the Compagnia della Misericordia to paint an altarpiece for Borgo Sansepolcro in Florence. Identify this painter of Baptism of Christ, The Flagellation of Christ, and The Story of the True Cross. Piero della Francesca
15. An electric field is a applied across the medium by way of two electrodes, with negatively charged anions attracted to the anode. The colloidal medium serves as a molecular sieve that dampens the effect of all forces other than the electric force. Therefore, when current is applied, molecules migrate through the polyacrylamide, with smaller molecules moving a larger distance. FTP, identify this separation technique useful in sequencing DNA.
A: gel electrophoresis (prompt on “electrophoresis”)
16. According to the Maori, he was a great fisherman of immense might who pulled New Zealand’s North Island up from the bottom of the ocean. To the Hawaiians, he is personified as a hawk and in their culture occupies the role of a thoughtful son. When his mother Hina complained that there was not enough time in one day to complete all her chores, he ascended a mountain and lassoed the sun as it passed by. The sun was released only after it promised to slow down. The mountain upon which the agreement took place became known as Haleakala, or “The House of the Sun,” and days on the island became long and bright, as many tourist know. FTP, name the Polynesian demigod who lends his name to the so-called “valley isle,” the second largest island in the Hawaiian chain.
Answer: _MAUI_
17. There is a tension in his ideas between his desire to attack the intuitionist view on normative ethics, and his appeal to intuition to give criteria for value. His essay on Coleridge was a response to criticisms of the earlier formulation of his views as too cold and calculating, prompting a move to a type of qualitative hedonism. A moral reformer, he was deeply depressed about the treatment of women in British society, prompting the writing of The Subjection of Women. Other works of political reform include Thoughts on Parliamentary Reform, and The Irish Land Question. FTP, identify this British philosopher, leader of the Philosophical Radicals, and author of Utilitarianism.
Answer: John Stuart Mill
18. A native of Rhode Island, he entered the navy as a young man and went on to supervise the construction of the first naval steamship, the Fulton, of which he became captain. Promoted in 1842, he commanded the Gulf Squadron during the Mexican War. Identify this American commodore who led a squadron of four ships into Tokyo harbor in 1853 to officially open Japan to the United States. Matthew Calbraith Perry (prompt on Perry)
19. Joining the Indiana Volunteers in 1861, he saw action at the Battles of Shiloh and Chickamauga, and in 1864 was seriously wounded at the Battle of Kennesaw Mountain. After the Civil War he sought his fortune out West and spent much time in San Francisco, where he edited the Argonaut and the Wasp, and later penned a column for the Examiner called “The Prattler.” “The Haunted Valley” was the first of his short stories, which were steeped in themes of death and horror. It was only fitting that his own death would be shrouded in mystery, though it is most likely that he met his end in the siege of Ojinaga during the Mexican Revolution. FTP, name this American writer who published the collections Can Such Things Be? and In the Midst of Life, the latter containing the short story, “An Occurrence at Owl Creek Bridge.”
Answer: Ambrose Gwinett _BIERCE_
20. Sometimes produced from the reaction of carboxylic acid salts with alkyl halides, they are usually produced from carboxylic acids and alcohols. Under acid conditions, the hydroxy group from the carboxylic acid is removed and replaced by the alkoxy group of an alcohol. The reverse of this process, hydrolysis under basic conditions, produces soaps. Responsible for the fragrance and taste of several fruits and flowers, they are frequently used in perfumes and cosmetics. FTP, identify this class of chemical compounds, characterized by the formula RCOOR’.
A: esters
Summer of Kleist

Round 6 Bonuses

1. Answer these questions about a band 5-10-15
(5) This Long Island based group made their debut with 1989’s 3 Feet High and Rising, which included the hit, “Me, Myself, and I.”

Answer: _DE LA SOUL_


(10) In 1996 De La Soul released Stakes is High, which marked their first album without this eccentric producer and former member of Stetsasonic. He has since gone on to various side projects and has released solo work as well, including 1999’s Prince Among Thieves.

Answer: _PRINCE PAUL_


(15) Score an additional 15 points if you can name either of Prince Paul’s post-De La Soul projects. One took its name from an episode of Chris Elliot’s defunct sitcom Get a Life and features as its other member The Automator, who produced Kool Kieth’s Dr. Octagon album. The other project was a horror-tinged supergroup featuring the Wu-Tang Clan’s RZA (pronounced “rizza”).

Answer: _HANDSOME BOY MODELING SCHOOL_

The _GRAVEDIGGAZ_

2. Identify these supporters of Simon Bolivar who were instrumental in the dissolution of Gran Colombia FTPE.


A. (10) He was sentenced to death for the assassination attempt on Bolivar in 1828, but lack of proof commuted his punishment to exile. After the dissolution of Gran Colombia, he became president of New Granada in 1833.
Answer: Francisco de Paula Santander
B. (10) He was at odds with Santander in 1827 and threatened to separate until Bolivar convinced him to keep Venezuela in Gran Colombia. After Santander’s party received the majority in the 1828 elections, he declared Venezuela independent.
Answer: José Antonio Páez
C. (10) A hero of the cavalry charge at the Battle of Ayacucho, his revolt of 1829 led to his death and Bolivar’s decision to exile himself to Europe.
Answer: José María Córdoba

3. Identify the following about a great German artist of the Northern Renaissance FTSNOP.


First, for 5, Identify this painter and creator of many notable wood cuts who wrote Four Books on Human Proportions. Albrecht Durer

Now, for another 5, his most famous work is this wood cut, an allegorical representation of War, Hunger, Plague, and Death. Four Horsement of the Apocalypse

FTP, Durer made two trips to Italy and his work shows a distinct Italian influence heavily taken from this Venetian painter of The Madonna of the Meadow. Giovanni Bellini

For a final 10 points, though the first great Protestant painter, this 1526 work in two panels easily could reflect Catholic sensibilities, the subjects each embody the four temperaments keeping in line with Durer’s interest in medicine. Four Apostles


4. Identify these characters from Thackeray’s Vanity Fair, FTSNOP:


5 – This manipulating girl meets her foil at a boarding school and falls for her friend’s brother.

Answer: Becky Sharp


5 – This is the Becky Sharp’s friend and foil, good natured, but perhaps not too bright.

Answer: Amelia Sedley


10 – This is the name of Amelia’s brother, a soldier who spends some of the book in India, eventually wooed by Becky.

Answer: Joseph Sedley


10 – This is the name of Amelia’s love interest and husband, whose father disowns him for much of the book due to the Sedley family’s financial troubles.

Answer: George Osborne

5. Identify the following parasitic infections for ten points each.
(10) Early symptoms include swelling of the upper eyelids, bleeding in the whites of the eyes, and sensitivity to light. This disease has become rare in countries where pigs are fed root vegetables. Infection occurs when cysts containing roundworm larvae are ingested from inadequately cooked pork. Eventually the worms invade the skeletal muscles, where they do the most damage, forming cysts and causing soreness and fatigue.

Answer: _TRICHINOSIS_


(10) Also called Bilharziasis, it can be treated by employing chemotherapy to eliminate the adult trematodes, which can live up to 20 years inside the host. The disease comes in three types- Eastern, intestinal, and urinary. Victims can contact it through water containing infected snails and behind malaria, it is the world’s most serious parasitic infection.

Answer: _SCHISTOSOMIASIS_


(10) According to the Merck Manual, this infection “occurs worldwide but is more common in warm areas with poor sanitation, where it persists largely because of indiscriminate defecation by children.” Damage occurs when ingested roundworms migrate from the small intestine through blood and lymph vessels to the lungs. Ascending the respiratory tract, the worms are then swallowed and end up residing in the large intestine. Symptoms include lung inflammation, abdominal cramps, and on occasion obstruction of the appendix, pancreatic duct, or biliary tract.

Answer: _ASCARIASIS_

6. Identify these islands of the Caribbean from clues on a 15-10 basis.
A. (15) Seized by the Dutch in 1632, they originally called this island Nieuw Zeeland. Its heyday ended in 1781, when it was seized by George Rodney, who continued to fly the Dutch flag to attract rebel American ships.
(10) On November 16, 1776, the governor of the island saluted the Andrea Doria, the first recognition of American independence by a foreign government.
Answer: St. Eustatius
B. (15) Discovered by Columbus on his second voyage, he named it after its resemblance to a snow-capped mountain. It was first settled by the English in 1628.
(10) Seized by the French along with a neighboring island in 1782, both islands were returned to England in the 1783 Treaty of Paris. They have been politically united to the present day, although this island has a constitutional right to separate from the federation.
Answer: Nevis

7. Identify the following members of Les Fauves FTPE.


Largely self taught, he earned a living as a professional bicyclist and violin player before becoming an artist and painting canvases like Red Trees and The Village Road. Maurice de Vlaminck

Besides being a good Fauve he produced set designs for Diaghilev’s Ballets Russes. His greatest Fauvist work is London Bridge. Andre Derain

While recovering from appendicitis he began painting and gave up his law job to paint. He created Green Stripe. Henri Emile Benoit Matisse

8. Answer the following questions about psychology for the stated number of points.


(15) Regarded as the 3rd school of Viennese psychotherapy following those of Freud and Adler, it posits that humans are motivated by a longing for purpose in their lives and its goal is to guide patients towards a discovery of that purpose.

Answer: _LOGOTHERAPY_

(10) This 1946 work which was inspired by experiences inside Nazi concentration camps outlined the tenets of logotherapy. It was dictated by the author in nine days to a squad of assistants and went on to sell more than 9 million copies in 26 languages.

Answer: _MAN’S SEARCH FOR MEANING_




  1. Name the pioneering Austrian psychiatrist who wrote Man’s Search for Meaning.

Answer: Viktor Emil _FRANKL

9. Identify these Supreme Court cases FTPE:


A. This 1918 case featured a North Carolina man who wanted to employ his sons, violating child labor laws. The case resulted in the striking down of certain child labor laws.
Answer: Hammer v. Daggenhart
B. This 1974 Supreme Court case struck down an earlier ruling which prohibited works to be published if they had no redeeming social value. Instead, it struck down social value as a criteria, ruling that a state may choose to ban a work which portray sex in a very offensive way, and do not, on the whole, have some kind of literally, political, artistic or scientific value.
Answer: Miller v. California
C. In this 1978 case, the Supreme Court ruled that fixed quotas may not be set in medical school for minorities if whites could not compete for those spots, thus striking a blow against Affirmative Action.
Answer: University of California v. Bakke

10. Given a complex ion, give the oxidation state of the stated atom, FTPE:


10: MnO4, manganese
A: +7
10: NO2, nitrogen
A: +3
10: SO3, sulfur
A: +5

11. Identify these works by Thomas Mann, none of which is that ass book The Magic Mountain, FTSNOP:


5 – This is a series of four books which is based on a certain biblical story. Mann charts the development of this character which covers his time in a pit spent on account of his brothers, all the way to his rising to the vice-chancellorship of Egypt.
Answer: Joseph and His Brothers
10 – This story about a young writer of part southern and Nordic descent features two great unrequited loves, one for Hans Hansen, a girl without dreams, and Ingeborg Holm, blonde bombshell. Later, the title character realizes that the strength of his writing springs from his love for the vitality of normal people.
Answer: Tonio Kroger
15 – This novel is the story of a decadent young prince who eventually comes to grips with reality after his marriage to a rich but untitled American girl.
Answer: Royal Highness

12. Identify the following regarding the Manhattan Project, FTSNOP:


5: He learned to play the bongoes in his spare time because there was nothing to do in Los Alamos after his wife died.
A: Richard Phillip Feynman
10: Feynman’s boss and later his colleague at Cornell, he led the Theoretical Division that produced the bombs explosive trigger mechanism.
A: Hans Bethe
15: Winner of the 1944 Nobel Prize for his magnetic resonance method of studying atomic spectra, he won the office pool for most accurately predicting the yield of the plutonium bomb.
A: Isidor Rabi

13. Identify the philosopher from works 30-20-10

30 – The Agony of Christianity, The Tragic Sense of Life in Men and Peoples, a work in which he stressed the vital role that spiritual anxiety plays in driving man to live a fulfilling life.

20 – Life of Don Quixote and Sancho, an analysis of Cervantes’ characters , Love and Pedagogy

10 – San Manuel, the Good Martyr, the story of an unbelieving priest, Abel Sanchez, a modern recreation of the story of Cain and Abel
Answer: Miguel de _Unamuno_

14. Identify these battles around the time of the Second Punic War FTPE:


A) Prior to this battle, the Romans only engaged Hannibal in small skirmishes. However, two consuls were elected who promised to finally engage Hannibal directly. The result was this 216 BCE battle, in which Hannibal, though outnumbered, lured the Romans through retreat into the midst of an arc of Carthaginian soldiers. Few Romans survived.
Answer: Battle of Cannae
B) This was the first direct engagement of the Romans with Hannibal. It featured the same strategy by Scipio, the Roman leader, against Hannibal. Hannibal, though he had some wicked cool elephants, was so utterly defeated in this battle that he advised the city to surrender, ending the Second Punic War.
Answer: Battle of Zama
C) This battle followed the Second Punic War by several years. Rome here invades Greece to “protect” it from Philip of Macedon, who was trying to seize Greece. The Romans were lead by Flamininius, and the day of the battle saw a heavy fog. Once the heavy fog lifted, the two sides engaged. The left flank of the Macedonians was routed by the Romans, leading to Roman victory. After this battle Philip withdrew and Greece was declared “free.”
Answer: Battle of Cynoscephalae

15. Identify the author from works and maybe even a clue or two, 30-20-10-5


30 – The radical artistic and literary manifesto “Literary and Pictorial Art” (1913), three one act plays titled “The Difficult Hour”

20 – Pilgrim at Sea (1964), The Marriage Feast (1973), Guest of Reality (1936)

10 – The Hangman, The Dwarf, Barrabas

5 – This dude is like a primo important Swedish writer. He won the Nobel Prize in literature in 1951.


Answer: Par Lagerkvist

16. Answer the following about the art of digital signal processing FTPE.

A. (10) The sampling theorem states that the sampling frequency for representing an audio waveform must be at least twice the highest frequency in the analog signal for unique digital representation. The lower limit of the sampling frequency is named for this discoverer of the sampling theorem.

Answer: Henry Nyquist

B. (10) This effect occurs if the sampling frequency is less than the Nyquist limit, in which a high frequency component in the original signal is reconstructed at a lower frequency.

Answer: aliasing

C. (10) In order to avoid aliasing, this device must be used in order to eliminate frequencies above the Nyquist limit before the signal is sampled.

Answer: lowpass filter


17. Identify these characters from Edward Bellamy’s Looking Backward, a book tons of people read for some reason. 15 each:


15: This is the main character of the novel, a 30 year old man who is mesmerized to travel forward one hundred years. He writes to the people of the 20th century to demonstrate the backwardness of the 19th century.
Answer: Julian West
15 – Either give the name of the wealthy, unsympathetic woman Julian is engaged to in the 19th century, or the 20th century man who resuscitates Julian and serves as his guide in the future.
Answer: Edith Bartlett or Doctor Leete

18. Identify the following people who had connections to Franz Liszt.


(10) Liszt was criticized for supporting this composer, who with Liszt’s help, fled to Switzerland in 1849 because of his political activism back home. In a Jerry Springer-esque turn of events, he would later on sire the bastard child of Liszt’s daughter, Cosima.

Answer: Richard _WAGNER_


(10) Along with Franz Schubert, Liszt studied music with this composer who created the operas Tarare, Falstaff, and Armida.

Answer: Antonio _SALIERI_


(5) In 1830, Liszt heard the first performance of this man’s Symphonie Fantastique and proceeded to transcribe the work to piano three years later.

Answer: Hector _BERLIOZ_


(5) Liszt became acquainted in 1831 with this violin virtuoso and composer of the 24 Capricci and Carnival of Venice, who then also had his works transcribed to piano by Liszt.

Answer: Niccolò _PAGANINI_

19. 30-20-10-5 Identify the sociologist from works.
30 – Ancient Judaism, The Sociology of Hinduism and Buddhism

20 –The Rational and Social Foundations of Music, The Theory of Social and Economic Organization

10 – On Charisma and Institution Building

5 – The Protestant Ethic and the Spirit of Capitalism


Answer: Max Weber

20. Answer the following questions about Greek mythology for the stated number of points.


(5) This daughter of Agenor bore three sons to Zeus, who appeared to her as a white bull and carried her on his back to the island of Crete.

Answer: _EUROPA_


(5) After this brother of Europa unsuccessfully tried to retrieve her, he founded the city of Thebes upon consulting the oracle at Delphi.

Answer: _CADMUS_


Cadmus had two brothers who also attempted to find their lost sister, Europa. They went on to found settlements on the eastern Mediterranean. For ten points each name them.

Answers:


(10) _PHOENIX_
(10) _CILIX_


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