Sumeria First settlement of the Fertile Crescent- 4000 bc (a k. a. Mesopotamia) Tigris & Euphrates- annual flooding, good farming Problems in early Sumeria



Download 6.52 Kb.
Date conversion19.05.2016
Size6.52 Kb.
Sumeria
First settlement of the Fertile Crescent- 4000 BC (a.k.a. Mesopotamia)


Problems in early Sumeria:

Solutions-



Life in a Sumerian city-state


  • Ur, Nappar, Kish, Uruk

      • surrounded by cropland outside of city walls (mud bricks & stone)

Bazaar- area of trade and barter (record of exchanges kept)

- usually surrounded the ziggurat



Ziggurat- city temple, “mountain of god”, religious sacrifices

    • polytheism- “dingir”- lesser gods, temple gods, house gods, and demons

    • 4 Realms: An- god of heaven; Enlil- air-god; Enki- water-god; Ninhursag- earth-god Others: Utu- sun-god, Nanna- moon-god

    • afterlife sucked! “land of no return”

Government-

    • in peacetime ruled by priests

    • controlled harvests, taxes, offerings to gods, trade

    • in wartime ruled by chosen soldier- “lugal” (evolved into king)

Social Classes-


Downfall of Sumeria

  • 3000-2000 BC, continuous war between city-states

  • weakened to infrastructure of Sumeria, vulnerable to attack by nomads

  • 2000 BC, Sumeria collapses


The database is protected by copyright ©essaydocs.org 2016
send message

    Main page