a. American literature including the Colonial Period; the Revolutionary Period; American Romanticism and the American Renaissance (to include Hawthorne, Emerson, Melville, Whitman, and Thoreau); the Civil War and the post-war period; and fiction, poetry, and drama from the early 20th century to the present
b. World literature including British literature (including the Anglo-Saxon period, the Middle Ages, the Renaissance, the Restoration and the 18th century, the Romantic Period, the Victorian Period, and the 20th century) and other European literature; literature of Africa, Latin America and Asia; Ancient Greek and Roman literature; the Bible as literature; world myths and folktales
b. Similarities and differences between oral and written communication
1. United States History: indigenous people of North America; European settlements and colonies; the American Revolution; expansion, reform, and economic growth of the United States up to the Civil War; the Civil War and Reconstruction; European immigration, industrialization, and scientific and technological progress; the two World Wars; and the United States from 1945 to the present
2. World History: human beginnings and early civilizations (Africa, Mesopotamia, Phoenicia, Egypt, India, China); roots of Western Civilization (Israel, Greece, Rome); English and Western European history; Renaissance and the age of exploration; age of revolutionary change in Europe; development of Asia, Africa, and South America; the world in the era of two World Wars; and the world from 1945 to the present
(e)Knowledge of ways to adapt curricular content from higher grade levels, especially in science and mathematics, for academically advanced students in lower grade levels.
(f)Design and implementation of accelerated curricula providing conceptual understanding for academically advanced students in mixed ability classrooms that enable them to engage in sustained study in a content area appropriate to their learning pace.
The following topics shall be included in an approved program but will not be addressed on a test of subject matter knowledge:
a. Knowledge of curricular content in all the Massachusetts Curriculum Frameworks for PreK-10, with emphasis on either science and mathematics or the humanities.
b. Emotional, social, and cognitive development and needs of academically advanced students.
c. Design and implementation of accelerated curricula providing conceptual understanding for academically advanced students in groups (pullout grouping, cluster grouping, cross-graded classes, full-time ability grouping, regrouping for specific instruction).
d. Knowledge of research on issues related to the education of academically advanced students.
e. Knowledge of federal and state laws on education for the academically advanced.