Sub-regional Capacity-Building Workshop on the Implementation of the Convention for the Safeguarding of the Intangible Cultural Heritage


Group 5: Preservation, Protection



Download 289.73 Kb.
Page6/7
Date31.05.2016
Size289.73 Kb.
1   2   3   4   5   6   7

Group 5: Preservation, Protection





Préservation et protection

  • Préservation

  • Protection

  • ≠ Folklorisation

  • ≠ Figer (freezing)

Preservation and protection

  • Preservation

  • Protection

  • ≠ Folklorization

  • ≠ Freezing

Safeguarding—that is, “measures aimed at ensuring the viability of the Intangible Cultural Heritage (ICH)”—is the main goal of the 2003 Convention. Among the range of safeguarding measures, two terms in wide use—preservation and protection—deserve careful consideration. In the context of the Convention, preservation of intangible heritage means the efforts of communities and culture bearers to maintain continuity in the practice of that heritage over time. Within different communities and diverse forms of heritage, some are more or less attached to the faithful recreation of preceding expressions, and some are more or less open to innovation and new creation. Protection refers to deliberate measures—often taken by official bodies—to defend intangible heritage or particular elements from threat or harm, perceived or actual. Protective measures may be legal in nature, such as laws permitting certain ICH practices, ensuring a community’s access to needed resources, preventing misappropriation, or prohibiting actions that would interfere with the viability of heritage. They may also include customary measures such as ensuring that a tradition is transmitted in an appropriate way and that knowledge about it is not misused. Under the Convention, neither preservation nor protection should be understood as freezing heritage in some lifeless, unchanging form; because intangible heritage is always being created and recreated, freezing its form is undesirable and means it may no longer be considered intangible heritage.

Group 6: Transmission, Dissemination




Transmission et éducation

  • Transmission

  • Formes traditionnelles de transmission

  • Modes coutumiers de transmission

  • Moyens non formels de transmission

Transmission and education

  • Transmission

  • Traditional forms of transmission

  • Customary modes of transmission

  • Non-formal means of transmission

Transmission of (ICH) occurs when practitioners and other cultural bearers within a community pass on practices, skills, knowledge and ideas to coming generations, in formal or non formal ways. ICH transmission also entails communicating the significance, history and associated values, and even the appreciation of the cultural expression concerned. Transmission may take place, for example, within the family, from parent to child, from master to disciple as part of an initiation rite, or from teacher to pupil in a formal or non-formal education setting. Intergenerational transmission is a distinctive feature of ICH and the best guarantee of its viability. In the case of a living ICH element, transmission is intrinsically linked to its practice and to its proper place in the community.
The traditional processes of transmission established by and within the community are most often circumstantial and contextual. They are intimately linked to the content that is transmitted and are a function of context, time and space. They include informal, unstructured means of transmission through which, for example, young people acquire knowledge and skills by observation, imitation and practice or by participation in community activities.
The non-formal means of transmission are the body and the word. Direct contact between master and disciple is part of the process, integrating the desire to emulate or surpass. There are also formal means of transmission such as long processes of initiation and apprenticeship with a master for several years. When traditional forms of transmission are broken or weakened, the very viability of the ICH element is often threatened. Under such circumstances, formal or non-formal education may be an alternative and contribute to the safeguarding and transmission of ICH.

Ratification of the 2003 Convention


Ratification status as at 19 March 2008
Convention for the Safeguarding of the Intangible Cultural Heritage. Paris, 17 October 2003.1





States

Date of deposit of instrument

Type of instrument

1

Algeria

15/03/2004

Approval

2

Mauritius

04/06/2004

Ratification

3

Japan

15/06/2004

Acceptance

4

Gabon

18/06/2004

Acceptance

5

Panama

20/08/2004

Ratification

6

China

02/12/2004

Ratification

7

Central African Republic

07/12/2004

Ratification

8

Latvia

14/01/2005

Acceptance

9

Lithuania

21/01/2005

Ratification

10

Belarus

03/02/2005

Approval

11

Republic of Korea

09/02/2005

Acceptance

12

Seychelles

15/02/2005

Ratification

13

Syrian Arab Republic

11/03/2005

Ratification

14

United Arab Emirates

02/05/2005

Ratification

15

Mali

03/06/2005

Ratification

16

Mongolia

29/06/2005

Ratification

17

Croatia

28/07/2005

Ratification

18

Egypt

03/08/2005

Ratification

19

Oman

04/08/2005

Ratification

20

Dominica

05/09/2005

Ratification

21

India

09/09/2005

Ratification

22

Viet Nam

20/09/2005

Ratification

23

Peru

23/09/2005

Ratification

24

Pakistan

07/10/2005

Ratification

25

Bhutan

12/10/2005

Ratification

26

Nigeria

21/10/2005

Ratification

27

Iceland

23/11/2005

Ratification

28

Mexico

14/12/2005

Ratification

29

Senegal

05/01/2006

Ratification

30

Romania

20/01/2006

Acceptance

31

Estonia

27/01/2006

Approval

32

Luxembourg

31/01/2006

Approval

33

Nicaragua

14/02/2006

Ratification

34

Ethiopia

24/02/2006

Ratification

35

Cyprus

24/02/2006

Ratification

36

Bolivia

28/02/2006

Ratification

37

Brazil

01/03/2006

Ratification

38

Bulgaria

10/03/2006

Ratification

39

Hungary

17/03/2006

Ratification

40

Iran (Islamic Republic of)

23/03/2006

Ratification

41

Belgium

24/03/2006

Acceptance

42

Republic of Moldova

24/03/2006

Ratification

43

Jordan

24/03/2006

Ratification

44

Slovakia

24/03/2006

Ratification

45

Turkey

27/03/2006

Ratification

46

Madagascar

31/03/2006

Ratification

47

Albania

04/04/2006

Ratification

48

Zambia

10/05/2006

Approval

49

Armenia

18/05/2006

Acceptance

50

Zimbabwe

30/05/2006

Acceptance

51

The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia

13/06/2006

Ratification

52

Cambodia

13/06/2006

Ratification

53

Morocco

06/07/2006

Ratification

54

France

11/07/2006

Approval

55

Côte d'Ivoire

13/07/2006

Ratification

56

Burkina Faso

21/07/2006

Ratification

57

Honduras

24/07/2006

Ratification

58

Tunisia

24/07/2006

Ratification

59

Sao Tome and Principe

25/07/2006

Ratification

60

Argentina

09/08/2006

Ratification

61

Philippines

18/08/2006

Ratification

62

Burundi

25/08/2006

Ratification

63

Paraguay

14/09/2006

Ratification

64

Dominican Republic

02/10/2006

Ratification

65

Spain

25/10/2006

Ratification

66

Guatemala

25/10/2006

Ratification

67

Kyrgyzstan

06/11/2006

Ratification

68

Mauritania

15/11/2006

Ratification

69

Greece

03/01/2007

Ratification

70

Lebanon

08/01/2007

Acceptance

71

Norway

17/01/2007

Ratification

72

Azerbaijan

18/01/2007

Ratification

73

Uruguay

18/01/2007

Ratification

74

Saint Lucia

01/02/2007

Ratification

75

Costa Rica

23/02/2007

Ratification

76

Venezuela

12/04/2007

Acceptance

77

Niger

27/04/2007

Ratification

78

Cuba

29/05/2007

Ratification

79

Monaco

04/06/2007

Acceptance

80

Djibouti

30/08/2007

Ratification

81

Namibia

19/09/2007

Ratification

82

Yemen

08/10/2007

Ratification

83

Indonesia

15/10/2007

Acceptance

84

Mozambique

18/10/2007

Ratification

85

Kenya

24/10/2007

Ratification

86

Italy

30/10/2007

Ratification

87

Belize

04/12/2007

Ratification

88

Saudi Arabia

10/01/2008

Acceptance

89

Uzbekistan

29/01/2008

Ratification

90

Ecuador

13/02/2008

Ratification

91

Guinea

20/02/2008

Ratification

92

Georgia

18/03/2008

Ratification

93

Colombia

19/03/2008

Ratification


1In accordance with its Article 34, this Convention entered into force on 20 April 2006 for those States that have deposited their respective instruments of ratification, acceptance, approval or accession on or before 20 January 2006. It shall enter into force with respect to any other State three months after the deposit by that State of its instrument of ratification, acceptance, approval or accession.




Share with your friends:
1   2   3   4   5   6   7




The database is protected by copyright ©essaydocs.org 2020
send message

    Main page