Study on the effects of structural adjustment policies in Burkina Faso Contents



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1.5 Privatisation
The adoption of a cost containment strategy is a key factor in explaining the privatisation of education at higher levels beyond basic education.
“As regards the disengagement of the State from the education sector in Burkina Faso, the World Bank has pronounced in favour of increased privatisation, particularly downstream of basic education, i.e. at the secondary, secondary-technical and higher education levels.”24
As apparent from Table 2.5 below, at the start of the 1999/2000 academic year there were 212 public establishments (i.e. state schools) and 196 private ones in secondary education.
Table 2.5: Number of primary and secondary education establishments in Burkina Faso (1991-2000)

YEAR

Primary education

Secondary education





Public

Private

Public

Private

1990-1991

2,340

146

99

88

1991-1992

2,444

147

101

94

1992-1993

2,575

166

Not available

Not available

1993-1994

2,775

196

123

111

1994-1995

3,009

224

132

136

1995-1996

3,285

279

144

149

1996-1997

3,492

327

152

162

1997-1998

3,726

406

180

178

1998-1999

4,055

464

199

182

1999-2000

4,339

521

212

196

Sources: DEP25 MEBA
At the start of the 2000/2001 academic year, 60% of the 11,000 students following technical and vocational courses were enrolled in private establishments (data from National Education Conference).
As for higher education, the 1994 National Consultative Assembly on Education listed one (1) public higher education establishment (the University of Ouagadougou) and three private establishments (specialising in information technology, office administration and equipment maintenance respectively). The 2002 National Education Conference listed three public establishments (the University of Ouagadougou, The Polytechnic of Bobo-Dioulasso and the “Ecole Normale” of Koudougou) and eleven private ones. It should be noted however that, in terms of capacity, the balance is in favour of public education.
It is apparent from Table 2.5, furthermore, that privatisation also affects primary education. At the beginning of the 1999/2000 academic, there were 521 private schools, compared with 146 in 1990-1991.
In 1994-95 four students in five were enrolled in public establishments, i.e. 84.4% compared with 15.6% in the private sector (including 9.25% non-denominational, 0.8% Catholic, 0.63% Protestant and 4.70% Medersa)26.
Table 2.6 below shows that the number of private primary schools is increasing more rapidly in the towns and cities, such as Ouagadougou, where even some public sector teachers prefer to enrol their children in private schools27.
Table 2.6: Breakdown of personnel in the jurisdiction of the Ouaga 8 Inspectorate28 from 1993 to 2004



Year

Employee status

IP29

IC

I

IAC

IA

TOTAL

 

 

M

F

M

F

M

F

M

F

M

F

 

1993

Public

0

0

11

33

0

0

15

38

5

13

115

Private

0

0

5

1

3

0

6

1

23

7

46

1994

Public

2

2

15

32

0

0

18

54

1

8

132

Private

1995

Public

0

2

20

39

0

0

8

39

2

12

122

Private

2

0

0

0

0

0

6

0

55

14

77

1996

Public

0

0

24

54

0

0

7

33

0

12

130

Private

0

0

0

0

0

0

8

0

70

19

97

1997

Public

2

8

28

67

0

0

3

27

0

12

147

Private

0

0

9

1

0

0

30

3

118

36

197

1998

Public

2

6

29

73

0

0

2

29

2

19

162

Private

0

0

12

4

0

0

37

6

128

40

227

1999

Public

1

7

34

80

0

0

2

26

2

20

172

Private

0

0

4

0

0

0

40

9

128

28

209

2000

Public

4

7

37

89

0

0

6

42

1

26

212

Private

0

0

6

1

0

0

33

17

134

35

226

2001

Public

5

7

37

89

0

0

9

62

3

19

231

Private

0

0

6

1

0

0

45

18

123

26

219

2002

Public

12

6

57

88

0

0

8

67

3

11

252

Private

0

0

9

3

0

0

50

19

115

44

240

2003

Public

11

9

9

147

0

0

9

59

0

0

244

Private

1

0

63

7

0

0

60

42

92

33

298

2004

Public

15

8

60

139

12

55

1

0

88

202

580

Private

0

0

16

5

45

25

147

61

91

210

600
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