Study on the effects of structural adjustment policies in Burkina Faso Contents



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Nine guidelines have been defined for the implementation of the PDDEB:


Strategic guideline 1: Increase the share of public expenditure earmarked for basic education to 20% by 2010 (from 12.38% in 1997 and 13% in 1999);

Strategic guideline 2: Increase the effectiveness of foreign aid in terms of its strategic aims and implementation as well as its coordination by the Ministry. Foreign aid is to be redirected towards a quantitative improvement of basic education.

Strategic guideline 3: Improve the decision-making process. This is particularly important in regard to the decisions concerning investments, aims and priority actions.

Strategic guideline 4: Improve the quality and efficiency of the basic education system. To this end, the following actions are planned:

    • Bring school infrastructures geographically closer to schoolchildren’s places of residence;

    • Provide each child with a reading manual;

    • Review existing syllabuses to make them more functional and strengthen the links between theoretical knowledge and practical skills.


Strategic guideline 5: Make the most of and/or improve the existing structures.
Strategic guideline 6: Increase efficiency by improving the management of teaching staff.
Strategic guideline 7: Continue the efforts to reduce the costs of building schools and of school equipment.
Strategic guideline 8: Introduce significant changes in schools in order to provide self-learning opportunities, particularly as regards:

    • Making basic education more autonomous;

    • Diversifying the existing educational schemes (modernised Franco-Arab schools, satellite schools, Informal Basic Education Centres, Permanent Literacy and Training Centres, children’s literacy centres).


Strategic guideline 9: Promote the development of civil society and the ongoing decentralisation processes as factors favouring the management and ownership of education by local communities.


  1. Strategies to implement the 3 three-year phases of the PDDEB

The PDDEB is to be implemented over a ten-year period (2001- 2010) comprising 3 successive three-year phases.



The first phase (covering the period from 2001 to 2005) concerns:

    • Furthering the goals of the basic education expansion programme;

    • Implementing the literacy campaign in support of primary education in areas with a low demand for education.

The second phase (2005-2008) will aim to:





    • Pursue the efforts to expand formal education to achieve an overall gross enrolment rate of 58.52% (including 52.26% of the girl population);

    • Develop informal basic education to achieve a literacy rate of 37.2%.


The third phase (2008-2010) will involve actions aimed at consolidating the expansion of the basic education system, improving its quality and relevance, and strengthening management capabilities in order to achieve a 70% school enrolment rate and a 40% literacy rate by 2010. The girls’ enrolment rate should increase to 65% by the end of the plan.


  1. Costs and funding of the Ten-year Basic Education Development Plan (PDDEB)

The overall cost of the Ten-year Basic Education Development Plan is estimated at 235 billion CFA francs, which will be allocated to the plan’s four main constituent programmes according to the following breakdown:

    1. Expansion of basic education: approximately 198 billion, i.e. 82.97%;

    2. Improving the quality and relevance of basic education: 17 billion, i.e. 7.23%;

    3. Intensifying literacy campaigns: 16 billion, i.e. 6.80%;

Strengthening planning and management capabilities: 7 billion, i.e. 2.97%.

The cost of the first phase, which spans four years (2001- 2005) is estimated at more than 69 billion CFA francs, excluding salary costs. The funds will be provided by several agencies, according to the following breakdown:



    • 17% by the Burkinese government budget;

    • 9% under the HIPC programme;

    • 34% by the World Bank;

    • 12% by Canada;

    • 11.4% by the Netherlands;

    • 7.8% by Belgium, Sweden, Switzerland and the French Development Agency;

    • 7.8% by UNICEF, IDB, AfDB and the EU.

The payments will be made on the basis of the results achieved.

The Ministry for Literacy and Informal Education (“Ministère Délégué à l’Alphabétisation et à l’Education non formelle” – MDAENF) 

The MDAENF will be responsible for promoting literacy and informal education at primary level. It will operate under the guidance of the MEBA. More specifically it will be entrusted with:




  • Implementing the government’s literacy and informal education policies;

  • Designing, planning and evaluating educational activities;

  • Planning and managing the creation of the literacy and informal education centres;

  • Monitoring and controlling the administrative and educational management of the literacy and informal education structures;

  • Preparing and monitoring the documents, textbooks and other teaching materials used in the literacy and informal education programmes.

Annexe 2:
Table: Categories of teachers in the public sector.


Position

Category

“Instituteur Adjoint” (Teaching Assistant – IA)

C3

“Instituteur Adjoint Certifié” (Qualified Teaching Assistant – IAC)

C1

“Instituteur Certifié” (Qualified Teacher – IC)

B1

“Instituteur Principal” (Head Teacher)

A3

“Conseiller Pédagogique Itinérant” (Travelling Educational Counsellor – CPI)

A2

“Inspecteur de l’Enseignement du Premier Degré” (Primary Education Inspectors)

A1

“Attaché Intendance Scolaire et Universitaire” (School and University Management Officer – AISU)

B1

“Attaché d’Administration Scolaire et Universitaire” (School and University Administrative Officer – AASU)

B1

“Conseiller d’Intendance Universitaire” (University Management Counsellor - CIU)

A1

“Conseiller d’Administration Scolaire et Universitaire” (School and University Administrative Counsellor – CASU)

A1

High School (lycée) Teachers

A1

Junior High School Teachers 

A2

University Lecturers and Research Directors




Senior Lecturers and Senior Research Directors




Senior Research Assistants and Research Officers



Annexe 3: Salary- and wage-indexing of civil service positions as of 01/01/99







C A T E G O R Y

Hierarchy

A







B







C







D







E




Class

Grade

1

2

3

1

2

3

1

2

3

1

2

3

1

2

3























































1st grade

535

455

410

360

330

310

285

260

235

215

205

195




145

140




2nd grade

570

495

450

385

350

330

300

275

250

225

215

205

160

155

150




3rd grade

630

535

490

410

370

350

315

290

265

240

225

215

170

165

155




4th grade

690

575

530

435

390

370

335

305

280

255

235

225

180

175

165




5th grade

750

615

570

460

415

390

355

320

295

270

245

235

190

185

175




6th grade

810

655

610

485

440

410

375

335

310

285

260

250

200

195

185




7th grade

870

695

650

510

465

430

395

350

325

300

275

265

210

205

195

1st class

8th grade

930

735

690

535

490

450

415

365

340

315

290

280

220

215

205




9th grade

990

775

730

560

515

470

435

380

355

330

305

295

230

225

215




10th grade

1050

815

770

585

540

495

455

395

370

345

320

310

240

235

225




11th grade

1110

855

815

610

565

520

475

415

385

360

335

325

250

245

235




12th grade

1170

900

860

635

590

545

495

435

405

375

350

340

260

255

245




13th grade

1230

945

905

665

615

570

515

455

425

390

365

355

270

265

255




14th grade

1290

990

950

695

640

595

535

475

445

405

380

370

280

275

265




15th grade










725

665

620

555

495

465

420

395

385

295

285

275




16th grade



















575

515

485

435

410

400

325

300

285























































1st grade

900

720

670

530

485

450

410

365

340

310

300

275




215

205




2nd grade

980

780

720

565

515

475

435

390

360

325

310

290

230

230

220




3rd grade

1060

840

770

600

545

500

460

415

380

340

325

305

245

245

235




4th grade

1140

900

820

635

575

525

485

440

400

355

340

320

260

260

250

2nd class

5th grade

1220

960

870

670

605

550

510

465

420

370

355

335

275

275

265




6th grade

1300

1020

920

705

635

575

535

490

440

385

370

350

290

290

280




7th grade

1380

1080

970

740

665

600

560

515

460

400

385

365

305

305

295




8th grade

1460

1140

1020

775

695

625

585

540

480

415

400

380

320

320

310




9th grade

1540

1200

1070

810

725

650

610

565

500

430

415

395

335

335

325




10th grade










845

755

675

635

590

520

445

430

410

350

350

340




11th grade



















660

615

540

460

445

425

380

365

355























































1st grade

1320

1040

950

730

655

595

555

510

455

395

385

360




300

290




2nd grade

1420

1120

1010

775

690

625

585

540

480

415

405

380

315

320

305




3rd grade

1520

1200

1070

820

725

655

615

570

505

435

425

400

335

360

335

3rd class

4th grade

1620

1280

1130

865

760

685

645

600

530

455

445

420

375

380

350




5th grade

1720

1320

1190

910

795

715

675

630

555

475

465

440

395

400

365




6th grade










955

830

745

705

660

580

495

485

460

415

420

380




7th grade



















735

690

605

515

505

480

435

420

380

Annexe 4: Academic staff and teachers’ salaries and benefits as of January 2000.




BENEFICIARIES

Job

Accomm.

Water

Electr.

Teleph.

Extra duties

Rectors

35 000




10000

20000

30000




Vice-Rectors

25 000
















Deans

20 000
















Vice-Deans of Training and Research Units (UFR) or faculties; Heads of institutes and university colleges

15 000
















University lecturers and research directors




50 000














Senior lecturers and senior research directors




50 000














Senior research assistants and research officers




50 000














High school headmasters

10 000
















Heads of General Education Schools (CEG) and colleges of education (écoles normales); primary school district inspectors

7 000
















a) Secondary school inspectors




35 000













b) Full-time assistant lecturers




35 000














c) Research officers, research engineers




35 000














d) Secondary school counsellors




25 000











U 15000

SU 17500


R 20000

High-school and technical-school project leaders/ senior technicians

6 000

















Secondary school deputy headmasters

6 000
















e) Primary school inspectors and FJA* Head counsellors




25 000











U 15000

SU 17500


R 20000

f) Travelling educational counsellors, FJA* counsellors




25 000











U 15000

SU 17500


R 20000

g) Head teachers




25 000













h) High school and technical school teachers (general, technical and category-A Physical Education)




25 000











U 15000

SU 17500


R 20000

Secondary school superintendents

5 000













U 15000

SU 17500


R 20000

Heads of primary schools and kindergartens (per class)

1 000













U 15000

SU 17500


R 20000

Heads of Training Centres for Young Farmers (per class)

1 000













U 15000

SU 17500


R 20000

Category B secondary school teachers




20 000










U 13000

SU 15000


R 17500

Category B primary school teachers




14 000










U 13000

SU 15000


R 17500

Category C primary school teachers




8 500










U 12000

SU 12500


R 15000

U: Urban area

SU: Semi-urban area

R: Rural area

FJA: “Formation des Jeunes Agriculteurs” = Training of Young Farmers





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