Study on local governance in eu countries with good practices presentation



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FACING THE CHALLENGE OF HOW TO EFFECTIVELY SUPPORT PUBLIC ADMINISTRATION REFORMS THROUGH ESF FUNDS’

WORK PACKAGE 1

CONDUCTING A STUDY ON LOCAL GOVERNANCE IN EU COUNTRIES WITH A GOOD PRACTICES PRESENTATION

DELIVERABLE 1

STUDY ON LOCAL GOVERNANCE IN EU COUNTRIES WITH GOOD PRACTICES PRESENTATION

STUDY ON LOCAL GOVERNANCE

CONTENTS




CONTENTS 2

Introduction 8

Chapter 1: Governance Quality Assessment 11

1.1 Reasons for applying assessment methods to local governance 11

1.2 Analysis of the Local Governance’s external environment 12

1.2.1 Political-institutional and technological environment 12

1.2.2 Sociopolitical Environment 25

1.2.3 Economic Environment 28

1.3 The Local Governance Dimensions Worldwide 32

1.4 Dimensions’ Measurement Indices of the Local Governance in Europe 27 34

1.5 Comparative evaluation of local governance in EU countries 40

Chapter 2: Institutional Framework: Structures, responsibilities and key decision makers in service delivery 45

2.1Austria 45

2.1.1Structure Review 45

2.1.2Governance System 45

2.1.3Responsibilities and Resources 47

2.1.4Swot Analysis 48

2.2Belgium 49

2.2.1Structure Review 49

2.2.2Governance System 50

2.2.3Responsibilities and Resources 52

2.2.4Swot Analysis 53

2.3Bulgaria 55

2.3.1Structure Review 55

2.3.2System of Governance 56

2.3.3Responsibilities and Resources 57

2.3.4Swot Analysis 58

2.4France 60

2.4.1Structure Review 60

2.4.2System of Governance 62

2.4.3Responsibilities and Resources 63

2.4.4Swot Analysis 65

2.5Germany 66

2.5.1Structure Review 66

2.5.2System of governance 68

2.5.3Responsibilities and Resources 69

2.5.4Swot Analysis 71

2.6Denmark 72

2.6.1Structure Review 72

2.6.2System of Governance 73

2.6.3Responsibilities and Resources 74

2.6.4Swot Analysis 76

2.7Greece 77

2.7.1Structure Review 77

2.7.2System of Governance 78

2.7.3Responsibilities and Resources 79

2.7.4Swot analysis 82

2.8Estonia 83

2.8.1Structure Review 83

2.8.2Governance system 83

2.8.3Responsibilities and resources 84

2.8.4Swot Analysis 85

2.9United Kingdom 87

2.9.1Structure Review 87

2.9.2Governance System 89

2.9.3Responsibilities 90

2.9.4Swot Analysis 91

2.10Ireland 93

2.10.1Structure Review 93

2.10.2Governance system 94

2.10.3Responsibilities and Resources 95

2.10.4Swot Analysis 96

2.11Spain 97

2.11.1Structure Review 97

2.11.2System of Governance 98

2.11.3Responsibilities and Resources 99

2.11.4Swot Analysis 100

2.12Italy 102

2.12.1Structure Review 102

2.12.2Governance System 103

2.12.3Responsibilities and Resources 103

2.12.4Swot Analysis 105

2.13Cyprus 106

2.13.1Structure Review 106

2.13.2Governance System 106

2.13.3Responsibilities and Resources 107

2.13.4Swot Analysis 108

2.14Latvia 110

2.14.1Structure Review 110

2.14.2System of Governance 111

2.14.3Responsibilities 111

2.14.4Swot Analysis 112

2.15 Lithuania 113

2.15.1Structure Review 113

2.15.2System of Governance 114

2.15.3Responsibilities and Resources 115

2.15.4Swot analysis 116

2.16Luxembourg 118

2.16.1Structure Review 118

2.16.2System of Governance 118

2.16.3Responsibilities 118

2.16.4Swot Analysis 119

2.17Malta 121

2.17.1Structure Review 121

2.17.2System of Governance 121

2.17.3Responsibilities 121

2.17.4Swot Analysis 122

2.18Hungary 123

2.18.1Structure Review 123

2.18.2Governance System 124

2.18.3Responsibilities and Resources 125

2.18.4Swot Analysis 126

2.19The Netherlands 127

2.19.1Structure Review 127

2.19.2System of Governance 128

2.19.3Responsibilities and Resources 129

2.19.4Swot Analysis 132

2.20Poland 133

2.20.1Structure Review 133

2.20.2System of Governance 134

2.20.3Responsibilities 136

2.20.4Swot analysis 138

2.21Portugal 139

2.21.1Structure Review 139

140

2.21.2System of Governance 140



2.21.3Responsibilities 142

2.21.4Swot Analysis 143

2.22Romania 144

2.22.1Structure Review 144

2.22.2System of Governance 145

2.22.3Responsibilities and Resources 146

2.22.4Swot analysis 149

2.23Slovakia 150

2.23.1Structure Review 150

2.23.2System of Governance 150

2.23.3Responsibilities 151

2.23.4Swot Analysis 152

2.24Slovenia 154

2.24.1Structure Review 154

2.24.2System of Governance 154

2.24.3Responsibilities 155

2.24.4Swot Analysis 156

2.25Sweden 157

2.25.1Structure Review 157

2.25.2System of Governance 158

2.25.3Responsibilities 159

2.25.4Swot Analysis 161

2.26Czech Republic 161

2.26.1Structure Review 161

2.26.2System of Governance 163

2.26.3Responsibilities and Resources 164

2.26.4Swot analysis 167

2.27 Finland 169

2.27.1Structure Review 169

2.27.2Governance System 170

2.27.3Responsibilities and Resources 170

2.27.4Swot Analysis 172

2.28.Review 173

Chapter 3: Reforms in local administration that constitute good practices 178

3.1 Introduction 178

3.2 Political reforms 180

3.3 Territorial Reforms and Transfer of Responsibilities 184

3.4 Privatizations and New Public Management 201

3.5 Review – Presentation of good practices 211

Chapter 4: Financial resources for governance and reforms 217

Introduction 217

4.1 Institutional resources for the Local Government/National Resources 219

4.2 The contribution of the European Social Fund (ESF) and of the co-financed programs in the operation and the reform interventions in local governance 240

4.2.1Austria 240

4.2.2Belgium 242

4.2.3Bulgaria 243

4.2.4France 246

4.2.5Germany 248

4.2.6Denmark 250

4.2.7Greece 252

4.2.8Estonia 255

4.2.9United Kingdom 257

4.2.10Ireland 259

4.2.11Spain 260

4.2.12Italy 262

4.2.13Cyprus 264

4.2.14Latvia 265

4.2.15Lithuania 268

4.2.16Luxembourg 269

4.2.17Malta 270

4.2.18Hungary 272

4.2.19Netherlands 274

4.2.20Poland 275

4.2.21Portugal 277

4.2.22Romania 279

4.2.23Slovakia 280

4.2.24Slovenia 281

4.2.25Sweden 283

4.2.26Czech Republic 284

4.2.27Finland 289

4.2.28The importance of ESF for EU members 291

Conclusions 295

BIBLIOGRAPHY 304




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