Study Guide – The Age of Isms A: Ism Definitions

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Gillette AP Euro – Age of Isms

Study Guide – The Age of Isms

A: Ism Definitions

Know the following Isms well! Look to your graphic organizer for help. You need to know who they play well with, who they don’t play well with, an understanding of the philosophy, key proponents and which social classes it appealed to. You might not have all this info for * isms.




B: Isms in Action

  • Industrial Revolution

    • How did Britain industrialize? (move from cottage industry to mass production)

    • Why did Britain industrialize when much of Europe did not?

    • Effects of industrialization

    • Working conditions of I.R.

    • Effects of enclosure and urbanization

  • Romanticism

  • Congress of Vienna & Europe post 1815

    • What is the Balance of Power?

    • Why is Prince Klemens von Metternich so important?

    • Outcomes of the Congress

  • 1848 Revolutions

    • Top 3 things to know about the Revolutions of 1848

    • Goals of three groups: Liberals, Nationalists and Radicals

    • Importance of the Moderate group swinging towards Conservatives or Radicals

    • Events and Outcome of French Revolution (1848)

    • Events and Outcome of the German State Revolution – including Pan-German Parliament

    • Hungarian Revolution and Russian involvement

    • Events and Outcome of the Italian Revolution

    • Why there was no revolution in Britain or Russia

  • Italian Unification

  • German Unification

  • Modernization of Russia

    • Why Russia decided to modernize

    • How did they modernize

    • How successful were they?

  • New Imperialism

    • What were the motives and justifications for Imperialism

    • African Scramble

    • Imperialism in Asia

    • White Man’s Burden

    • USA Foreign policy

C: Key People (their contributions to the Isms and key info)


James Watt

Thomas Blake

Caspar David Friedrich

Prince Klemens von Metternich

Louis Philippe (Citizen King)

François Guizot

Louis Blanc

Napoleon III

Otto von Bismarck

Tsar Nicholas I

Guiseppe Mazzini

Giuseppe Garabaldi

Pope Pius IX

Victor Emmanuel II


Frederick William IV of Prussia

William I of Prussia

Leopold II of Belgium

Commodore Matthew Perry

D: Key Events/Ideas

Cottage Industry

The Holy Alliance

Concert of Europe

Collective Security

National Workshops

Republican Banquets

Pan German Parliament

Reform Act of 1832

Corn Laws Repealed (1846)

Ten Hour Act (1847)

Great Chartist Meeting (1848)

Decembrist Revolt (1825)


First Reich

Second Reich

Austro-Prussian War (1866)

Franco-Prussian War (1870-71)

New Imperialism

Monroe Doctrine (1823)

Spheres of influence

“White Man’s Burden”


The test will be broken down into two sections:

  • Multiple Choice

  • DBQ

The DBQ will be based on the following prompt:

Analyze attitudes toward and evaluate the motivations behind the European acquisition of African colonies in the period 1880 to 1914.

For further information – please refer to textbook – chapter “Western Imperialism” pg 803-810

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