Human Rights Council
The Right to Food
A person’s right to food is fundamental and should be protected. As it states in the Brazilian constitution, it is a priority of the people and state to secure the right to food for children and teenagers in article 227 (Food 1). It is a primary issue within Brazil to protect a young person’s access to food as it is one value listed within the constitution.
As Brazil maintains an important role in producing food, it is clear that the issue is not abundance of food but rather the distribution of food (Food Security). There is a large gap between the rich and poor and its this inequality needs to be addressed to solve the issues of poverty and hunger. One important step Brazil has taken to fighting the poverty and hunger within its borders is the Fome Zero program. The Fome Zero program was a plan to use direct monetary aid, creating water cisterns, creating low-cost restaurants, educating people about good eating habits, and handing out vitamins. Part of the Fome Zero program is Bolsa Família, which is a welfare program giving finical aid as well as free education (Projects). Brazil has also adopted framework laws surrounding the issue of the right to food and the hunger that plagues the nation (Special). These multi-year national framework laws are notably effective in the job (De Schutter).
Brazil takes the hunger and poverty issues of its state seriously and is willingly to actively fight against those issues. With programs like the Fome zero program to distribute food and water to those who need it most, Brazil moves forward with its fight against hunger and the significant inequality of its society.
Right to and Denial of Humanitarian Assistance
Brazil has a strong ability to deal with disasters and offer aid to those in need, whether it be dealing with natural disaster of maintaining a number of doctors who are well verse in treating gunshot wounds (Ortiz). Brazil also has programs dealing with food security in African nations (Ortiz). Currently, Brazil is also offer aid in the form of visas for Syrians and other affected nations by the conflict in the Middle East, becoming one of the first nations to undertake this approach in the Americas (UN Welcomes). Brazil is slowly emerging as one of the main powers in distributing humanitarian aid (Stuenkel).
It is clear that distributing humanitarian aid to those who need it most is a major concern of the Brazilian government. From its action in helping Haiti and from distributing food across nations to the starving, one can clearly tell that Brazil takes an interest in the suffering of other nations. Taking successes from its own programs dealing with the hunger issues, Brazil has been able to help developing nations in Africa set up similar programs to assist the starving in their own nations (Troilo). They, also, have a strong influence in Latin American countries as seen in Haiti, where Brazil gave a significant amount of aid, second only to the U.S (Troilo).More recently, the allowance of Syrian humanitarian visa demonstrates that Brazil is even willing to opens its doors for those in desperate need of a sanctuary. Brazil takes an active role in providing aid to the world and is an emerging power of humanitarian aid. Furthermore, in a 60% rise from 2005, Brazil distributed $400 million dollars in aid to other countries (Troilo).
The Rights of Indigenous Peoples
The Brazilian constitution recognizes the rights of Indigenous people. In the constitution they a given the privilege to maintain their social organization, customs, languages. creeds and traditions (Constitution). They are also granted the right to their lands which they would traditionally occupy (Constitution). Their lands included those which they permanently live on and which are absolutely necessary for them to maintain their well being and their traditions and culture (Constitution). According to the constitution they cannot be moved off of these lands except in case of a crisis, after which they must be returned (Constitution). The indigenous people are also granted the right to sue to defend their rights in need be (Constitution).
However, Brazil also recognizes the importance of continuous development and industrialization, which, in this world and economy, can only happen with the procurement of natural resources some of which may exist within the lands of indigenous people (Massive). The Brazilian governments making any laws that have the possibility with upsetting the indigenous people are only made with intentions of furthering the prosperity of Brazil (Massive). The lands that may fall under the indigenous people’s claim, but are used by the government, are used to further the economy and boost the standing of Brazil as a whole. Industrialization is necessary to compete in the modern world today and so some sacrifices must be made to help Brazil be competitive. Ultimately, the government does recognize the rights of the indigenous people; however must also weigh in the necessity of that land in the process of industrialization and in the overall economy of Brazil.
Food and Agriculture Organization (1998), "The right to food in national constitutions", The Right to
Food in Theory and Practice (Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations),
ISBN92-5-104177-6, archived from the original on 17 July 2012.
Special Rapporteur on the Right to Food (2010a), Countries tackling hunger with a right to food
approach. Significant progress in implementing the right to food at national scale in
Africa, Latin America and South Asia. Briefing Note 01., archived from the original on 6
De Schutter, Olivier (2012), 'Unfinished progress' – UN expert examines food systems in
emerging countries, Geneva: UN Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights,
archived from the original on 6 June 2012.
"Food Security: The Brazilian Case." Food Security: The Brazilian Case. N.p.
Ortiz, Fabiola. "INTER PRESS SERVICE." Inter Press Service. N.p., n.d.
"UN Welcomes Brazil’s Offer of Humanitarian Visas for Syrians Fleeing Conflict." UN News
Center. UN, 27 Sept. 2013.
Stuenkel, Oliver. "Humanitarian Aid: Is Brazil a Force to Reckon With?" Humanitarian Aid: Is
Brazil a Force to Reckon With? N.p., n.d. Web.
Troilo, Pete. "Setting Its Own Course, Brazil Foreign Aid Expands and Evolves."International
Development News. N.p., n.d. Web.
CONSTITUTION OF BRAZIL." Brazilian Laws. N.p., n.d. Web.
"Massive Indigenous Rights Movement Launches Across Brazil." Massive Indigenous Rights
Movement Launches Across Brazil. N.p., n.d. Web.
"Projects & Operations." Projects : BR Bolsa Familia 1st APL | The World Bank. N.p., n.d. Web.