Standard whi. 4 The student will demonstrate knowledge of the civilizations of Persia, India, and China in terms of chronology, geography, social structures, government, economy, religion, and contributions to later civilizations by
The student will demonstrate knowledge of the civilizations of Persia, India, and China in terms of chronology, geography, social structures, government, economy, religion, and contributions to later civilizations by:
b) describing India, with emphasis on the Aryan migrations and the caste system.
Classical Indian civilization began in the Indus River Valley, spread to the Ganges River Valley, and then spread throughout the Indian subcontinent. This spread continued with little interruption because of the geographic location.
Indo-Aryan people migrated into the area, creating a structured society (caste system) and blending their beliefs with those of the indigenous people.
During the Golden Age of classical Indian culture, Indian people made significant contributions to world civilization.
Physical barriers, such as the Himalayas, theHindu Kush, and the Indian Ocean, made invasion difficult.
Mountain passes in the Hindu Kush provided migration routes into the Indian subcontinent.
The Indus and Ganges were the important rivers in the Indian subcontinent.
Indus River Valley civilization
Harappa and Mohenjo-Daro Aryans (Indo-Aryans)
Migration, assertion of dominance
Caste system, which influenced all social interactions and choices of occupations
Mauryan Empire - Asoka
Asoka’s missionaries and their writings spread Buddhism from India to China and other parts of Asia.
e ) describing China, with emphasis on the development of an empire and the construction of the Great Wall and; f) describing the impact of Confucianism, Taoism, and Buddhism.
Classical China was centered on the Huang He (Yellow River) and was geographically isolated. Invaders entered China from the north. The Great Wall was built for China’s protection.
Chinese culture began around 1500 b.c. (b.c.e.). Of Chinese contributions to civilization, Confucianism and Taoism are among the most noted.
Migratory invaders raided Chinese settlements from the north. Qin Shi Huangdi built the Great Wall as a line of defense against invasions.
China was governed by a succession of ruling families called dynasties. Chinese rulers were considered divine, but they served under a Mandate of Heaven only as long as their rule was just.
The Silk Road facilitated trade and contact between China and other cultures as far away as Rome.
Contributions of classical China