|Unit 6 Test
Standard 5.3 (Power Standard)
1. After Pearl Harbor:
a. support for the war skyrocketed
b. FDR was confident about fighting a war on two fronts
c. The majority of Americans still thought the war was avoidable
d. The US realized that it had the naval power to fight both Japan and Germany at the same time
2. Which of the following is false concerning Hitler’s attempt to take control of Europe?
a. Hilter reclaimed the Sudetenland for Germany
b. Hitler easily overtook France and quickly placed it under Nazi control
c. Hitler successfully invaded Britain and gained control over the country
d. Hitler successfully invaded Poland, which is considered the start of WWII
3. The Neutrality Act of 1939, the Lend-Lease Act, and the Atlantic Charter were all:
a. signs of American weakness
b. signals that FDR did not really want to enter the war
c. ways that the US helped the Allies without having to send troops
d. were enough to slow down the Axis Powers enough to allow Britain to fight on its own
4. All of the following were a result of Pearl Harbor except:
a. American immediately declared war on Japan
b. at the time, it was the largest attack on the United States by a foreign country
c. it ended the political division among Congress, and the vote was nearly unanimous to declare war
d. America committed all of its troops to the fight against Japan because Japan was the biggest threat
5. Which correctly identifies the members of the Axis Powers, whose alliance helped cause WWII?
a. Italy, Japan, Poland
b. Germany, Italy, Japan
c. Germany, Poland, Russia
d. Japan, United States, Germany
Standard 5.4 (Power Standard)
6. The main reason that Roosevelt, Churchill, and Stalin became allies was:
a. the United States, Great Britain, and the Soviet Union all had similar ideas of world peace
b. the United States, Great Britain, and the Soviet Union all looked favorably upon Communism
c. the United States, Great Britain, and the Soviet Union all had a common enemy in Adolf Hitler
d. the United States, Great Britain, and the Soviet Union all agreed that taking land was something all countries should avoid
7. Truman’s aim in dropping the atomic bomb was to:
a. to end the war and save American lives
b. find out just how destructive the bomb could be
c. to pay back Japan and teach their military leaders a lesson
d. strengthen the alliance between the United States and the Soviet Union
8. Which of the following statements most accurately describes Roosevelt’s feeling on joining the war?
a. he championed an isolationist policy
b. he wanted to avoid the war because he viewed Hitler as a “European problem”
b. he did not understand how any Americans could be an isolationist and was eager to join the war
d. he wanted to help the Allies but also knew he had to appease the many Americans who were
9. The significance of the D-Day invasion was:
a. the Soviet Union became a Super Power
b. Great Britain showed the world how powerful they could be
c. the Axis Powers were able to hold off the Allied Powers, further deepening their control of Europe
d. the Allied Powers were able to liberate France from Nazi control, thus creating the opportunity to
liberate the rest of Europe from Nazi control
10. Which of the following is an incorrect grouping of a WWII leader, the country they lead, and the government
a. Stalin: Soviet Union (Russia): Democracy
b. Hitler: Germany: Nazism
c. Mussolini: Italy: Fascism
d. all are correct groupings
11. The Battle of Midway was a significant battle because it:
a. Turned the tied for the Allies in Europe
b. Showed Japan that the British Navy was able to fight
c. Was the last ditch effort from Adolf Hitler in his attempt to control all of Europe
d. Was the turning point of the war in the Pacific, ending the seemingly unstoppable Japanese advance
12. Which of the following is false concerning the United States’ development, and use of, the atomic bomb?
a. The atomic bomb was developed as a part of the Manhattan Project
b. Japan immediately surrendered after the first atomic bomb was dropped
c. The bombs were dropped on the Japanese cities of Hiroshima and Nagasaki
d. The dropping of the bombs helped save the lives of American troops
13. Why were Hitler, Mussolini, and Tojo unable to agree upon a coordinated strategy to defeat the Allied Powers?
a. Their types of government were too similar
b. Their types of government were too different
c. They all nurtured individual dreams of their own empires
d. They had trouble agreeing that Joseph Stalin would eventually rejoin the Axis Powers
14. Which of the following WWII generals commanded the Allied invasion of Normandy, France?
a. Chester Nimitz
b. George S. Patton
c. Douglas MacArthur
d. Dwight Eisenhower
15. The D-Day invasion:
a. was a small, but decisive, victory for the Allies
b. was an Allied attack on French beaches controlled by Italy
c. was an attack by Allied forces on the beaches of Normandy, France
d. was an attack led by Hitler and the Axis Powers in hopes of liberating Italy from Allied control
Standard 5.8 (Power Standard)
16. Roosevelt’s decision to remove people of Japanese ancestry to internment camps was a response to:
a. Strong anti-Japanese sentiment
b. Verified reports of Japanese Americans acting as spies
c. The lack of Japanese Americans serving in the armed forces
d. Rumors that the Japanese were developing an atomic bomb
17. Which of the following best describes the cultural impact WWII had on women in the workforce?
a. Many women found jobs outside the traditional realm of women’s work
b. Since many men were overseas fighting, mainly only single women joined the work force
c. Even with many men fighting in the war, women were asked to stay home and care for children
d. Women were expected to stay in the workforce when the men returned home from war, and WWII
erased all gender roles concerning women and their role in the country
18. Name of the image that depicted a muscular, determined worker, and was used as propaganda to encourage
women to join the work force was known as:
a. Fat Boy
c. Little Man
d. Rosie the Riveter
19. Which of the following was NOT an attempt by the US government to control the war-time economy and
ensure that the war effort was well funded and supplied?
a. The internment of Japanese-Americans
b. The use of propaganda to influence women to join the labor force
c. Coupon books that limited the amount of raw goods citizens could buy
d. The creation of the Office of War Information, which worked closely with the media to encourage
support for the war
20. Which of the following is true about the effects WWII had on the American culture and economy?
a. It led the nation into decades of economic growth
b. It led to the creation of very few jobs after the war was over
c. It lessened the influence the federal government had on the economy
d. It did nothing to help the United States crawl out of the Great Depression
21. Which of the following two leaders would agree with the following statement: “Individual freedom is extremely
important to the success of a nation”?
a. Stalin and Churchill
b. Roosevelt and Hitler
c. Churchill and Roosevelt
d. Mussolini and Roosevelt
22. Which of the following leaders would be the least likely to outlaw political parties, take over the control of the
press, and create a secret police?
a. Joseph Stalin
b. Adolf Hitler
c. Harry S. Truman
d. Benito Mussolini
23. Which of the following leaders decided to kill their political enemies instead of working with them?
a. Adolf Hitler
b. Harry S. Truman
c. Winston Churchill
d. Franklin Roosevelt
24. Of the following leaders, which would be the least likely to invade a neighboring country in order to gain more
a. Adolf Hitler
b. Hideki Tojo
c. Joseph Stalin
d. Winston Churchill
25. Which of the following two leaders had the most similar world views?
a. Stalin and Hitler
b. Roosevelt and Stalin
c. Truman and Mussolini
b. Roosevelt and Mussolini
Standard 5.9 (Power Standard)
26. Please explain how WWII led to the rise of the United States and the Soviet Union as rival superpowers.
-Development and use of atomic bomb (arms race) 2pts.
-Economic power (Capitalism vs. Communism) 1 pt.
-Democracy vs. Communism (government differences/containment) 1 pt.
-Being on winning side, armies still intact 1 pt.