Speculation about Moses in Egyptian History



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INSIGHT: The Journal of the Prophecy Society of Atlanta Volume 1, Number 4 – January, 2013


Speculation about Moses in Egyptian History

by Dan Bruce


All dates shown in this article are BCE unless noted otherwise.
According to the adjusted biblical chronology in my book, Sacred Chronology of the Hebrew Kings,1 Moses was born in the second year of Thutmose I.2 Shown below is a timeline of events that reveals some interesting chronological correlations between the chronology for the 18th dynasty of Egypt and the adjusted Hebrew chronology in my book.



Year

Event

circa 1536

Birth - Thutmose II (born at about the same time as Hatshepsut, see below).

circa 1535

Birth - Hatshepsut, daughter of the future Thutmose I (her birth calculated from her estimated age of about 50+ years old at her death in 1482).3

1524

Thutmose I became pharaoh, decreed death for all Hebrew male infants.4

1523

Birth - Moses, found by pharaoh’s 12-year-old daughter Hatshepsut (Exodus 2).

1518

Death - Thutmose I.

1518

Thutmose II became pharaoh, with his sister Hatshepsut as his wife-consort.

1516

Hatshepsut recognized as a pharaoh in the second year of Thutmose II.5

circa 1506

Birth - Thutmose III, son of Thutmose II and a secondary wife, Iset.

1504

Death - Thutmose II.

1504

Thutmose III became king as an infant (less than 2 years old).

1504

Hatshepsut continued as pharaoh, co-reigning with her step-son, Thutmose II, who, at less than 2 years old, was too young to rule as king.

1498

Hatshepsut assumed male pharaonic identity, began ruling as primary king.

1486

Hatshepsut celebrated her “sed year” (her 30th year as a pharaoh, calculated from the time she became recognized as a pharaoh by her husband in 1516).

1483

Hatshepsut’s great steward Senenmut disappeared from history (inscriptions place his disappearance in Hatshepsut’s sixteenth year as king, calculated from the year she assumed male pharaonic identity in 1498).

1483

Moses, forty years old, fled to Midian in his fortieth year (Exodus 2).

1482

Death - Hatshepsut.

1482

Thutmose III became sole ruler when Hatshepsut died.

1453

Amenhotep II became a pharaoh (co-reigned with Thutmose III for two years).

1450

Death - Thutmose III

1450

Amenhotep II became sole ruler when Thutmose III died.

1443

Moses, eighty years old, returns to Egypt to confront a new pharaoh (Exodus 7).

1442

The Exodus in late March (Exodus 12).

1442/1441

Amenhotep II campaigned in Canaan in his ninth year, took slaves.

Hypothesis: Thutmose I became pharaoh in the year 1,524. The new king decreed that all male Hebrew infants be killed. The following year, 1,523, his twelve-year-old daughter Hatshepsut rescued the infant Moses from the Nile River with the intention of raising him as a member of her household. When Thutmose I died in 1,518, his son Thutmose II became pharaoh and the new pharaoh’s half-sister Hatshepsut became his wife and queen. In the second year of Thutmose II’s reign, according to your author's interpretation of an inscription on block 287 from the Chapelle Rouge, a festival of Amen was celebrated during which Hatshepsut was recognized as a pharaoh, circa 1516. During their co-reign, Thutmose II produced no male heir with Hatshepsut, but he did sire a son, Thutmose III, with a secondary wife named Iset. When Thutmose II died in 1,504, Hatshepsut continued as a pharaoh, at first sharing her reign with her step-son Thutmose III, who, being less than two years old, was too young to rule. Seven years later, in 1,498, Hatshepsut assumed a masculine public identity and reigned as king of Egypt for the next seventeen years, with her step-son Thutmose III serving in a subordinate role. Sometime after her recognition as pharaoh, Hatshepsut elevated Senenmut to be her chief steward (top official),6 but Senenmut disappeared from history in 1,483, about a year before Hatshepsut’s death. Senenmut exited from history at precisely the same time that the biblical Moses fled to Midian after murdering an Egyptian, as recorded in Exodus, chapter 2, verses 11-15. Did Moses kill Senenmut and then have to flee from Hatshepsut’s wrath before returning to Egypt forty years later as the prophet Moses? That scenario would explain why Moses, raised as a son of Hatshepsut and thus enjoying great privilege as son of the king, would fear pharaoh for killing an Egyptian, in this case the king's most trusted advisor. Whatever the case, the synchronizations between Egyptian chronology and history as known from inscriptions and the Hebrew chronology and history as recounted in the Bible do reveal interesting correlations.

_____________________



 Sacred Chronology of the Hebrew Kings (ISBN 978-0-9816912-3-7), with the entire text available for reading online at no charge, click here.

2 Thutmose I was the first Egyptian king to have the nomen (birth name) Thutmose ḏḫwty-ms (born of Thoth). Some have associated the name Moses with the last two hieroglyphs in the pharaoh’s name, ms, which mean “bear” as in “bear a child,” and it is similar to the last syllables in the name Ramose (born of Ra), which was the name of the father of Hatshepsut’s great steward Senenmut.

3 "Remains of pharaoh Queen Hatshepsut identified" USAToday.com (June 27, 2007; http://usatoday30.usatoday.com/tech/science/discoveries/2007-06-27-egypt-queen_N.htm).

4 Aaron, born in 1526 (and thus three years older than Moses), was not included in the decree.



5 An inscription from the Chapelle Rouge, block 287, describes a festival of Amen during which Hatshepsut is made a pharaoh unified with the Ka in the presence of and during the second year of an unnamed king (traditionally assumed to be her father Thutmose I, but interpreted by your author to be her husband Thutmose II instead, identifying her coronation as occurring in 1516).

6 Some scholars have speculated that Senenmut was Hatshepsut's lover. That is debatable, but there can be no doubt that he was the power behind the throne and thus of prime importance to the rule of Hatshepsut.

About Us …
The Prophecy Society of Atlanta publishes books and papers about a widely-neglected topic, sacred chronology, and provides access to Bible-based interpretations of chrono-specific predictive prophecies that you may not have heard explained in your local church or synagogue. When you examine our publications, you will quickly discover that the chronologies and interpretations presented by the Society answer many of the questions left unanswered, or poorly answered, in the study Bibles and biblical commentaries popular today. Our research and its resulting scholarship are centered on the Bible, which we believe is the revealed word of the one true Living God, and it is sustained by the belief that the Bible can be understood by anyone who is genuinely seeking to understand it with an open mind and a seeking heart. We trust that you will find our Bible-based discussions thought-provoking and spiritually enriching. If there is anything you don't understand about our publications, ask us about it. We're here to help you as you seek to understand the mind of God. …read more about us!

To purchase a copy of our books …
The Prophecy Society makes its books available at minimal cost through Amazon.com’s CreateSpace publishing division, as follows:
Daniel Unsealed

An exposition revealing what the seven chrono-specific predictive prophecies in the Book of Daniel say about the history of the Jews, Jerusalem, and the Anointed One of Israel.

Paperback, 224 pages (6 x 9); ISBN 978-1489505415. (click here)
Sacred Chronology of the Hebrew Kings

A harmony of the reigns of the kings of Israel and Judah, and how the chronologies and histories of ancient Egypt and Mesopotamia synchronize with their reigns.

Paperback, 160 pages (6 x 9); ISBN 978-1489509048. (click here)
Synchronized Chronology

Synchronized Chronology of the Ancient Kingdoms of Israel, Judah, Egypt, Assyria, Tyre, and Babylon from 1006 BCE to 560 BCE.



Paperback, 36 pages (8½ x 11); ISBN 978-1489557773. (click here)

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