Spanish, French, English, Pilgrims, Puritans, Quakers, African-Americans



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U. S. History 13 Colonies

All Colonies:

SELECTED RACIAL, ETHNIC, AND RELIGIOUS GROUPS THAT SETTLED IN THE UNITED STATES

AND THEIR REASONS FOR IMMIGRATION

Including, but not limited to:

Spanish, French, English, Pilgrims, Puritans, Quakers, African-Americans

English Puritan Pilgrims (Mass.) – religious freedom

Dutch (NY) – economic reasons

English Quakers (PA) – religious freedom

Swedes (Delaware) – economic reasons

English Catholics (MD) – religious freedom

English debtors (GA) – political freedom



African slaves (Southern colonies) – forced labor



Colony

Region

Founder

Date

Purpose



Roanoke

Southern

Sir Walter Raleigh

1585

Establish English colony in New World



Jamestown

Southern

John Smith

1607

Trade and profits



Virginia

(includes

Jamestown)

Southern

London Company

1624

Trade and profit



Plymouth

New

England

William Bradford

1620

Religious freedom for Separatists



New York

Middle

Peter Minuit

1626

Trade and profits



Massachusetts

Bay

New

England

John Winthrop

1630

Religious freedom for Puritans



New Hampshire

New

England

John Mason

1623

Land grant for commercial purposes–

fishing



Maryland

Southern

George Calvert

1634

Religious freedom for Catholics



Connecticut

New

England

Thomas Hooker

1636

Religious and economic

freedom



Rhode Island

New

England

Roger Williams

1636

Religious freedom



Delaware

Middle

Peter Minuit

1638

Trade and profits



North Carolina

Southern

Group of

proprietors

1653

Trade and profits



New Jersey

Middle

Lord Berkeley

1660

Trade and profits



South Carolina

Southern

Group of

proprietors

1670

Trade and profits



Pennsylvania

Middle

William Penn

1682

Religious freedom for Quakers; trade

and profits (settled earlier by Dutch)



Georgia

Southern

James

Oglethorpe

1733

Debtor colony.

Buffer for Spanish colonies;

size of plantations kept colony small





Settlements by England were done by treaties, Spanish was by declaration, and French by the water sheds.

Middle colonies:

Colony

Founder

Purpose

New Amsterdam

Becomes the city of

New York

Dutch

Economic

Religion secondary

New Jersey

Lord Berkley

Sir Carteret

Economic

Religion secondary

Pennsylvania

William Penn

Religious and Political Freedom for the Quakers

Delaware



Swedes/ Minuet

Economic










Extra Notes on Colonies

Why was religion not considered in New Amsterdam or Later New York: Christians and Jews were allowed to settle in this area without recourse? Why? Due to everyone being focused on making money/economic factors they did not care about religion.

Pennsylvania was founded with what religion in mind? Quaker….They believe in three important aspects...1. Opposed war. 2. Believe man has a direct communication to God and do not need clergy. 3. All men are created Equal.
What does William Penn mean by Holy Experiment? To see if Quakers can get along with Quakers all living together Ends up many different religions live together.
Were all encounters with Native Americans and Settlers peaceful in Pennsylvania? No.
Delaware? Founded by the Swedes



New England Colonies:

Founder

Purpose

Massachusetts

Pilgrims

Puritans


William Bradford

John Thorpe


Religious freedom

Religious freedom

Connecticut

Thomas Hooker

Religious and Political freedom

New Hampshire

Massachusetts settlers

Economic opportunity

Rhode Island

Roger Williams

Religious and political freedom




















Difference between Pilgrims and Puritans Pilgrims were Separatists wanting to separate from the Church of England (Anglicans).

Puritans want to purify their Anglican belief.

Mayflower Compact- 1st self-government document and practice

Native Americans- helped the English survive in North America.

Puritans Massachusetts Bay Colony- established north of the Pilgrims.

What is a charter? A document that states that the people settling in that location have a right to be present and operate that colony
Both Pilgrims and Puritans wanted to practice their religion freely.

Pilgrims VS Puritans

Wanted to separate from the Anglicans and start their own new church.

Low social status

Wanted to purify their belief in the Anglican church.

Higher social status than pilgrims.

What is Authoritarian rule? Rule by one man which controls the entire government.

Thomas Hooker (Conn) VS John Winthrop (Mass)

Puritan Minister

Wanted to see more people vote and have more say. Believed that Puritans in Massachusetts had too much control.

Puritan Minister

Authoritarian

Believed only Puritans should rule the colony.

Fundamental Orders of Connecticut

  1. Only men with land could vote( did not have to Puritans)

  2. Limited the power of the Governor.



Colonial Population is growing at a very high rate!!!!!

Rhode Island ---- Roger Williams----Separation of Church and State

Reminder during this time period the Church was set up by the King. The Church of England was over seen by the king and was connected to the government.


Roger Williams Beliefs

Toleration: Willingness to allow another person to practice their own religion.

  1. Separation of Church and State.

  2. Freedom of Religion.

Quote: That the State should create peace and order but should not promote one particular religion.



Roger William’s Ideas lead to two American Ideals




Freedom of Religion




Separation of Church and State.





There are actually 5 colonies in the South!!

Colony

Founder

Purpose

Virginia

(Jamestown)

John Smith

Economic

North Carolina

Lords of 8 *Nobles 8

Economic

South Carolina

Lords of 8 * Nobles 8

Economic

Maryland

Lord Baltimore

Religious and political freedom for Catholics.

Georgia

George Oglethorpe

Debtors have economic opportunities and a buffer between New Spain and the colonies.


Mason Dixon line: A line that divided the Middle Colonies from the Southern Colonies.
John Smith No Work / No Food
Why did the Natives and the Europeans believe they were entitled to the land around Virginia?


Europeans believed they were entitled to the land because?

Native Americans believed they were entitled to the land because?

They thought they had a right to it.
They had a charter from the King.
Natives were not using it.

Plus they saw themselves as more powerful.

They were their first.
They had been living there for generations.



Wealthy Planters: Land owners that had built up large land ownership for themselves and produced a lot of cash crops.

Lord Baltimore and Maryland: Act of Toleration is for what two religious groups: 1. Catholics 2. Protestants

Chart the life of the 1st Lord Baltimore






North Carolina

South Carolina

Small farmers of Tobacco.

Large farmers for rice and Indigo.

Needed a lot of slaves.










Georgia

For people that had a lot of debts.

For a buffer between Spanish Florida and the colonies.



New England is known for a very cold climate and rocky soil. Fishing and ship building thus fish and chips

Middle Colonies are known for their cool weather and production of wheat and grains. They are the Bread Basket.

Southern Colonies are known for their hot and humid climate. They are known for the production of Rice, Tobacco, and Indigo.


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