Source A: Map of Global Imperialism, 1914
Source B: Map of Imperialism in Africa, 1914
Source C: European Military Alliances in 1914
Source D: Charts of Alliances WWI
“In the west every country's foundation is on his nationality. For example, English are the people living in England, French are the people living in France. Similarly, German are the people living in Germany, Irish are the people living in Ireland. This meaning of Nationalism divided the people into pieces. It led to wars and bloodshed. And because of the same notion Europe has had to face 2 World wars.”
Source E: “Nationalism: A Political Concept” by Faizan Chaki
It is in this time period that leaders of Industrial nations utilized nationalism. (Nationalism is the belief that people should be loyal to their nation.) Leaders used nationalism to support their entry in war. This generation was taught that it was not only fitting but glorious for young men to die for their country. Hence, many young men willingly and happily marched off to war in 1914.
Source F: Textbook article on Nationalism
Did you tackle that trouble that came your way
With Resolute heart and cheerful?
Or Hide your face from the light of day
With craven soul and fearful?
A trouble’s a ton, or a trouble’s an ounce,
Or a trouble is what you make it;
And it isn’t the fact that you’re hurt that counts,
But only how did you take it?
You are beaten to earth? Well, well, what’s that?
Come up with a smiling face;
It’s nothing against you to fall down flat,
But to lie there—that’s disgrace.
The harder you’re thrown, why, the higher you bounce,
Be proud of your blackened eye!
It isn’t the fact that you’re hit that counts,
It’s how did you fight—and why?
And though you be done to death, what then?
If you battled the best you could;
If you played your part in the world of men,
Why, the critics will call it good.
Death comes with a crawl, or comes with a pounce,
And whether he’s slow or spry,
It isn’t the fact that your dead that counts,
But only, how did you die?
Source G: Poem by British author R. Aitchison Wotherspoon in a magazine written for young boys just prior to World War I
Source H: European military spending from 1870-1914
Source I: Political cartoon showing some of the causes of WWI
• Germany: 2,200,000 soldiers, 97 warships
• Austria-Hungary: 810,000 soldiers, 28 warships.
• Italy: 750,000 soldiers, 36 warships
• France: 1,125,000 soldiers, 62 warships
• Russia: 1,200,000 soldiers, 30 warships
• Great Britain: 711,000 soldiers, 185 warships
Source J: List of countries soldiers and warships by numbers, 1914
A peaceable, industrious, sensible mass of 500 million [European people], was hounded by a few dozen incapable leaders, by falsified documents, lying stories of threats, and chauvinistic catchwords, into a war which in no way was destined or inevitable.
Source K: Emil Ludwig, July 1914 (1929) about the leaders of World War I
Study sources A and B
What cause of World War I is being shown in these sources? Which two countries held the largest number of colonies in the global map? Which two countries held the largest number of colonies in Africa?
Why do you think Germany felt a need to increase their empire by becoming more imperialistic?
What advantages do you think there are by acquiring more colonies around the globe? Include multiple reasons.
Study sources C and D
From source C, why do you think Austria-Hungary had such a difficult time governing it’s people?
What countries are located in a difficult position if war were to break out? Why?
Which of the two alliances had a longer history of being allies? Do you think this had an effect on how they would react to war? Why?
Study sources E, F and G
Read the underlined sentence in source E. Do you agree that Nationalism “divides the people into pieces?” Explain. How does this lead to an increased chance of war?
Does source G back up the idea in source F that young men were excited to march off and fight or die for their country? How?
What is the message of the poem in source G?
Study sources H, I, J and K
What does the information in source H tell you about the motives of the European nations prior to 1914?
According to the political cartoon in source I, what does the cartoonist believe is the most important causes of the War? What do you think the logs/sticks represent?
Based on the information in source J, which country put the most importance in their military? Why do you think that this country felt that they needed to have the largest number of soldiers? (think back to some of the previous sources)
In source K, who does Emil Ludwig believe was most responsible for the outbreak of World War I. Do you agree with this statement so far and why?
Ludwig states that this war was not “destined or inevitable.” What do you think could have been done to prevent war?
From all the sources
Which of the four MAIN causes do you think is most responsible for World War I? Why? Include FACTS or STATEMENTS from the sources to back up your thinking. In your answer explain WHY one cause is more important than another. This means you must include evidence from all four causes. (think about…What evidence stands out as important? Explain your thinking! This should be your longest answer; two to three paragraphs)