Solomon Berg and Martin



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Solomon Berg and Martin Biology 7e

Chapter 21 – Learning Objectives




1) Describe the structural adaptations that primates have for life in treetops.
2) List the three suborders of primates, and give representative examples of each.
3) Distinguish among anthropoids, hominoids, and hominids.
4) Describe skeletal and skull differences between apes and hominids.
5) Compare the following early hominids: Sahelanthropus tchadensis, Ardipithecus ramidus, Australopithecus anamensis, Australopithecus afarensis, and Australopithecus africanus.
6) Distinguish among the following members of genus Homo: Homo habilis, Homo ergaster, Homo erectus, Homo heidelbergensis, Homo neanderthalensis, and Homo sapiens.
7) Discuss the current debate over the origin of modern humans, and briefly describe the opposing out-of-Africa and multiregional hypotheses.
8) Describe cultural evolution and its impact on the biosphere.


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