Socomun XXIV



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SOCOMUN XXIVmunlogomunlogo

NOT Freshman D

North Korea


Hello and welcome to SOCOMUN XXIV! My name is Amy Mohajer, and I will be one of your co-chairs for NOT Freshman D. I am a senior at SMCHS, and this is my fourth year involved with Model United Nations. MUN is one of my passions because it challenges me to work out of my comfort zone and I enjoy speaking, debating, and working with others to implement effective solutions. I have participated in MUN conferences all over Orange County, UCSB, and Yale University, and this year, I am traveling to Panama for a conference! Besides MUN, I enjoy going to the beach, running, and volunteering at my local homeless shelter.

My goal for all of you is to have a successful experience at SOCOMUN XXIV! In our committee, we will begin debate with speeches given by delegates regarding their country’s solutions on the topic. During committee session, delegates can motion for an informal caucus to form resolution groups among delegates and their country’s solutions. Furthermore, it is imperative to understand your country’s policy and their position regarding the topic. If you have any questions, please do not hesitate to email me at socomunnotd@gmail.com. I look forward to meeting you all in committee, and best of luck!


Background:
North Korea has been serving under a totalitarian dictatorship and has been investigated for violating Human Rights for many years. The internal conflict of citizens against the government and the external conflict of problematic situations between countries causes a continuous set of issues. Soon after WWII, Korea was annexed and divided into two zones: the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea in the north and the Republic of Korea in the south. North Korea turned to a communist government supported by the Soviet Union while South Korea was democratic and supported by the USA and its allies. In 1950, North Korea invaded South Korea and quickly overwhelmed the territory, beginning the Korean War. A hostile, communist Korea was seen as a threat to Japan and the US, who urged for United Nations intervention. UN forces were sent to push back North Korean forces. This conflict ended in 1953, resulting in 5 million deaths and a ceasefire along the 38th parallel. The 38th parallel was declared a Demilitarized Zone, and the two have been functioning as separate countries ever since.

Currently, North Korea has been in violation of possession of nuclear disarmament and poses a threat to various countries. In 2009, North Korea declared they had developed nuclear, chemical, and biological weapons. It reported successful tests of an estimated forty kilotons worth of nuclear material and give no inclination to stop stockpiling weapons of mass destruction. North Korea is no longer a party to the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty and continues to impose military threats to nearby countries. Because of this, Chinese relations with North Korea are unstable. Considering half of Chinese foreign aid is supplied to North Korea and China accounts for over 75% of North Korea’s imports and exports, this crumbing relationship has a huge impact on the availability of resources within the nation.

Moreover, the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea has proven their animosity to conform to international authority. Various UN organizations have investigated and attempted to take action on the issues of North Korea’s irrational military implementations and human rights abuses. First, the IAEA reported various concerns and confirms that North Korea is now a complete nuclear power among our world today. Also, the UN General Assembly urged the Security Council to report the leaders of the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea to the International Criminal Court for prosecution for crimes against humanity. Specifically, North Korea has been guilty of forced labor, starvation, abductions, infanticide, and various forms of torture. Because of this, the Economic and Social Council believes that those held responsible are in violation of human rights and must be held accountable for their crimes. Innovative and effective solutions are imperative for the prosperity of innocent civilians worldwide and for the safety of North Korean citizens.


Possible Solutions:
Consider the following solutions that can be implemented for the resolution to the issue of North Korea, but delegates are responsible to develop their own solutions under their country’s policy and position on the topic. It is imperative to impose individual policies into each solution that is proposed due to the fact that staying on policy is expected throughout committee. Additionally, funding for solutions will not be an issue because any solutions approved by the committee will receive funding from the General Assembly 5th Committee and the World Bank.

In violation of Human Rights, North Korea should be open to peace talks with United Nations councils rather than individual nations. Platforms can be established to open lines of communication and thrust possible solutions that will better the conditions within the nation without infringing upon its sovereignty. Using Chinese and South Korean economic incentives, as those two nations are the primary trade partners with North Korea, could be used to help North Korean authorities agree to peace talks.

Another solution is to open North Korean borders to allow freedom of travel for its citizens. Its borders have remained closed since the aftermath of the Korean War, and many families were separated as a result. Promoting the reconnection between North and South Koreans could help ease tensions, especially along the 38th parallel, and offer some sanctuary for those oppressed by the government.

Furthermore, UN peacekeepers can be implemented to deliver goods and services to the people of North Korea with the approval of their country’s leaders. Keep in mind that UN peacekeepers are a military force, and this could provoke violence as the North Korean domestic defense policy is very unstable. Perhaps establishing more direct lines of communication and transportation between North Korean citizens and relief services could be a viable solution. Many North Koreans suffer from malnutrition and lack the availability of medical supplies, so opening foreign aid lines can improve the condition of life and open communication with the rest of the international community.




Questions to Consider:

These questions are provided for you to help with your research but are not required to be overtly answered at the conference.





  1. Regarding North Korea, what is your country policy? Does your country support North Korea or believe their actions are incorrect?

  2. What can the UN and other organizations do to fix the worldwide disagreements?

  3. Within the past years, what has the effects on citizens been and how has it effected your country?

  4. What are some solutions your country proposes to implement a positive result?

  5. Considering past actions of North Korea, does your country believe it is rational to allow North Korea to continue to act as a nuclear power?

What must be enforced in order to avoid a nuclear crisis coming from North Korea?

Works Cited



Bajoria, Jayshree, and Beina Xu. "The Six Party Talks on North Korea's Nuclear Program." Council on Foreign Relations. Council on Foreign Relations, 30 Sept. 2013. Web. 19 Apr. 2015. .
Dingding, Chen. "China Can't Solve Your North Korea Problem." The National Interest. The National Interest, 26 Jan. 2015. Web. 17 Apr. 2015. .
Gale, Alastair. "Seoul, U.S. Split on North Korea Nuclear Threat." Wall Street Journal. WSJ, 13 Apr. 2015. Web. 17 Apr. 2015. .
Lynch, Colum, and Joby Warrick. "U.N. Security Council Approves New Sanctions against North Korea." Washington Post. The Washington Post, 7 Mar. 2013. Web. 19 Apr. 2015. .
McKenna, Phil. "Inside North Korea’s Environmental Collapse." PBS. PBS, 6 Mar. 2013. Web. 17 Apr. 2015. .

North Korea’s Nuclear Threats, in Focus." The New York Times. The New York Times, 11 Apr. 2013. Web. 15 Apr. 2015.


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