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Public Schools of Robeson County American History II

Unit 3: From Isolationism and World Power



Essential Standard:

AH1.1 Apply the four interconnected dimensions of historical thinking to the American History Essential Standards in order to understand the creation and development of the United States over time.

AH2.H2 Analyze key political, economic and social turning points in American History using historical thinking.

AH2.H3 Understand the factor that led to exploration, settlement, movement, and expansion and their impact on the United States development over time.

AH2.H6 Understand how and why the role of the United States in the world has changed over time.

AH2.H7 Understand the impact of war on American politics, economics, society and culture.

AH2.H8 Analyze the relationship between progress, crisis and the “American Dream” within the United States.

Clarifying Objective(s): 1.1,1.2,1.3,1.4

AH2.H.1.1 Use chronological thinking

AH2.H.1.2 Use Historical Comprehension

AH2.H.1.3 Use Historical Analysis and Interpretation

AH2.H.1.4 Historical Research

2.1 Analyze key political, economic, and social turning points since the end of Reconstruction in terms of causes and effects

2.2 Evaluate key turning points since the end of Reconstruction in terms of their lasting impact

3.1 Analyze how economic, political, social, military and religious factors influenced United States imperialism

3.2 Explain how environmental, cultural and economic factors influenced the patterns of migration and settlement within the United States since the end of Reconstruction

6.1 Explain how national economic and political interests helped set the direction of United States foreign policy since Reconstruction

6.2 Explain the reasons for United States involvement in global wars and the influence each involvement had on international affairs

7.1 Explain the impact of wars on American politics since Reconstruction

7.2 Explain the impact of wars on the American economy since Reconstruction

7.3 Explain the impact of wars on American society and culture since Reconstruction

8.2 Explain how opportunity and mobility impacted various groups within American society since Reconstruction

8.3 Evaluate the extent to which a variety of groups and individuals have had opportunity to attain their perception of the “American Dream” since Reconstruction

8.4 Analyze multiple perceptions of the “American Dream” in times of prosperity and crisis since Reconstruction

Essential Question(s):

  • How and why did the US gain territory and influence in the Pacific in the years preceding and following the Spanish American War?

  • How did leaders and citizens of other nations react to US expansion and influence in their nations?

  • How did American political leaders use foreign aggression as opportunities to prepare for and request war?

  • How did the desire for new trade markets by industrialized countries impact the distribution of global power and authority at the turn of the century?

  • How did trade and commercial interests in East Asia lead to the development of the Open Door Policy in China?

  • How did US imperial policy impact American commerce and industry?

Pacing Guide: 7 days

Unit of Study

From Isolationism to World Power

Major Concepts

Exploration, settlement, movement, expansion, international affairs, foreign policy, progress, crisis, American dream

Instructional Task

Read and interpret excerpts from the following documents:

-Monroe Doctrine

-Influence of Sea Power on World History

-American Anti-Imperialist League Platform

--White Man’s Burden (Kipling)

-1897 Petition Against Annexation of Hawaii

-Platt Amendment

-Albert Beveridge’s Address to Congress on Philippines

-Emilio Aguinaldo’s Pleas for Independence

-Open Door Notes

Draw political cartoons for or against imperialism

Read newspaper articles on the USS Maine and compare the evidence used by both newspapers to support their claims about what happened to the Maine

Examine headlines from the papers of Hearst and Pulitzer concerning the USS Maine, then create your own headline

Create your own yellow journalism stories based on a photo only (“You furnish the pictures and I’ll furnish the war”)

Examine costs of Spanish American War v. Profits

Map the areas of the US imperialist activities around the world. Analyze why these areas were the most advantageous locations economically for the US to control

Chart Presidential diplomacies of Teddy, Taft, and Wilson and how each is used today.






guerrilla warfare



Social Darwinism





extractive economy

Alfred T. Mahan

Social Darwinism

Frederick J. Turner

Matthew Perry

Queen Liliuokalani

Jose Marti

William Randolph Hearst

Yellow Press

George Dewey

Emilio Aguinaldo

Rough Riders

Treaty of Paris

William Howard Taft

sphere of influence

John Hay

Boxer Rebellion

Open Door Policy

Russo-Japanese War

“Gentlemen’s Agreement”

Great White Fleet

Instructional Resources

Text Resources:

The Americans McDougal Little

Digital Resources:

Literary Connections:

Osborne, Thomas. Annexation Hawaii: Fighting American Imperialism

Feifer, Geroge. Breaking Open Japan: Commodore Perry, Lord Abe and the American Imperialism of 1853

Aguinaldo, Emilio. My Memoirs. Manila: 1967.

Hearst, William Randolph. Selections from the Writings and Speeches of William Randolph Hearst. San Francisco: E.F. Tompkins, 1948

McKinley, William. Speeches and Addresses of William McKinley from March 1, 1897 to May 30, 1900. New York: Doubleday and McClure, 1900.

Sample Assessment Prompts

Was America imperialistic at the turn of the Century?

How did the Spanish American War represent a turning point in US foreign policy?

Many people believe that the nations which were imperial colonizers owe reparations (payment or other compensation) to the people and countries they colonized. Is this justifiable?

Why did the United States become an imperial

power at the end of the 19th century?

How did economic interests in Latin America and the Caribbean guide the foreign policies of T. Roosevelt, Taft, and Wilson?

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