Social Studies Chapter 2, Lesson 3



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Social Studies - Chapter 2, Lesson 3



  1. How was life in Babylonia similar to life in earlier times in Mesopotamia?

Babylonians adopted Mesopotamian customs, art styles, religion, and laws.

  1. How do we know that Hammurabi was a shrewd leader?

By examining the way he built the empire and the way he set up a tax system.

  1. What was one item taxes often paid for?

It paid for Hammurabi’s massive army and construction projects.

  1. Why did Hammurabi need tax money, and how did he collect it?

He needed money to support his large army and to pay for the construction that was taking place around Babylon.

  1. Which people developed laws before Hammurabi?

The Sumerians and Akkadians.

  1. How has the Code of Hammurabi influenced modern law?

The punishment should fit the crime and the weak should also have some protection.

  1. Is it important that a punishment fit a crime?

Yes, a lesser crime should have a lesser punishment.

  1. What was the purpose of the Code of Hammurabi?

The purpose was to help Hammurabi govern his empire.

  1. How did Hammurabi increase his power in Mesopotamia?

Hammurabi increased his power by partnering with other rulers that helped him conquer neighboring cities.

  1. Do you think Hammurabi was a competent ruler?

Yes, Hammurabi was a competent ruler because he formed partnerships with other rulers, created a code of laws, and conquered many cities.

  1. Which words on Hammurabi’s monument reveal that Hammurabi wanted to be remembered as a just ruler?

“Father to his subjects” and “established order in the land.”

  1. What words in the quote on p. 52 show that people feared the Assyrians?

Some words that described the Assyrians were: sharp, hard as flint, whirlwind, growl, seize, and prey.

  1. What made Ashurbanipal an unusual king?

Ashurbanipal was an unusual king because he was well educated and he built a library at Nineveh.

  1. When did the Assyrians expand their empire?

The Assyrians expanded their empire between 1900B.C. and 600 B.C.

  1. List some of the achievements of the Babylonian culture.

Some achievements were the Hanging Gardens, beautiful buildings, the focus teaching and learning, and the accomplishments of mathematicians.

  1. Why would being able to predict eclipses of the sun and moon be important?

It was important because people would not be surprised by these events.

  1. When did Nebuchadnezzar II die?

Nebuchadnezzar II died about 562 B.C.

  1. What was Babylon like during Nebuchadnezzar’s reign?

Construction took place during most of Nebuchadnezzar II’s reign. Nebuchadnezzar II built the Great Ziggurat in Babylon and also built walls that surrounded the city and the temples.


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