Social Studies 8th grade



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Mrs. Robinson

Social Studies 8th grade

Name Date

Indian Removal Act Webquest

Imagine being forced to leave your home when you have done nothing wrong. This is exactly what happened to American Indians after Congress passed the Indian Removal Act in 1830. The purpose of this WebQuest is to examine policy known as Indian Removal as well as the event that has come to be known as The Trail of Tears. 

The Indian Removal Act was signed into law by President Andrew Jackson on May 28, 1830. The act authorized him to negotiate with the Native Americans in the Southern United States for their removal to federal territory west of the Mississippi River in exchange for their homelands. http://indianremovalactproject.weebly.com/uploads/1/4/2/3/14239137/2702757_orig.jpg

The act was strongly supported in the South, where people were eager to gain access to lands inhabited by the Five Civilized Tribes. Christian missionaries and future U.S. President Abraham Lincoln opposed the Indian Removal Act.

The Five Civilized Tribes were well established as independent nations in the southeastern United States. Thomas Jefferson's policy had been to respect the Native Americans' rights to their homelands. Effectively, all Native Americans who had adopted a civilized behavior could remain east of the Mississippi. However, Andrew Jackson sought to renew a policy of political and military action for the removal of the Native Americans from these lands.

 In this WebQuest, you will become a Native American Indian who is forced to relocate to the Oklahoma territory when President Andrew Jackson signs the Indian Removal Act in 1830.  Travel Alongside other Native Americans on the Trail of Tears, their journey to Oklahoma. Learn about the "Five Civilized Tribes", Native American traditions and customs, the Indian Removal Act of 1830, and the obstacles they encountered along the Trail of Tears.



Task: After visiting each provided link, write a 1-2 page essay, pretending to be a Native American who has been forced to relocate to the Oklahoma Territory because of the Indian Removal Act.  Don't forget to include your Indian name and its meaning, the tribe you belong to, how you felt when you heard about the Indian Removal Act, and your struggle along the Trail of Tears. 

Are you ready to begin?!!  There are 4 Modules that you will have to complete before beginning your essay.  Under each module, follow the provided links, which will redirect you to a web page containing information on that particular subject. The final page of this handout can be used for notes.

* Please feel free to use additional websites in an effort to thoroughly prepare

yourself for the task ahead.*



Module One- Pick a Tribe

     The Trail of Tears involved the removal of the "Five Civilized Tribes" in Southeast America.  The "Five Civilized Tribes" are the Cherokee, the Choctaw, the Chickasaw, the Creek, and the Seminole Indians.  Follow each link to learn about each of the individual tribes' backgrounds, customs, and traditions.   When you have finished visiting each link, pick the tribe that you wish to be a part of.  Make sure you take notes, as you will use this information in your essay! 

Questions to consider when taking notes on your tribe:


  1. Which part of the country did your Indian tribe live?

  2. What were the roles of women, men, and children in your tribe?

  3. What were some of the rituals/customs of your tribe?

  4. How is your tribe's leadership organized?

  5. What kind of housing, clothing, and food were specific to your tribe?

  • Cherokee-  http://www.bigorrin.org/cherokee_kids.htm

  • Chickasaw- http://www.bigorrin.org/chickasaw_kids.htm

  • Choctaw- http://www.bigorrin.org/choctaw_kids.htm

  • Creek- http://www.bigorrin.org/creek_kids.htm

  • Seminole- http://www.bigorrin.org/seminole_kids.htm

Did you decide which tribe you want to join? Great!  Be sure to write your tribe's name down and notes about their culture.  You can then proceed to Module 2! 

Module Two- Pick an Indian Name

   Now that you are a member of the tribe, you need an Indian name.  Click on the following link to read some Indian names and their meanings.  When you are finished, write your Indian name and its meaning in your notes. 



Questions to consider:

  1. What is your Indian name?

  2. What does your Indian name mean?

http://www.snowwowl.com/swolfNAnamesandmeanings.html

 Did you choose a name for yourself?  Great!  This is the name you will go by throughout the rest of the lesson.  



Module Three-The Indian Removal Act of 1830

     Follow the following link to learn about the Indian Removal Act of 1830.  Make sure you take notes!



Questions to Consider:

  1. What were some of the events that led up to the Indian Removal Act?

  2. After the Indian Removal Act, what did the Supreme Court rule on it?

  3. What was the military round up that occurred shortly after the Indian Removal Act?

  • http://www.powersource.com/cocinc/history/trail.htm 

 Did you learn anything new? Great!  You can now proceed to Module Four! 

Module Four- Obstacles Along the Trail

     LAST MODULE!!!  Click on each of the following links to learn about the conditions that Native Americans faced along the Trail of Tears.  Be sure to take good notes, as you will need them when writing your essay.



Questions to Consider:

  1. What kind of food could you find consistently along the Trail to eat?

  2. What were the weather conditions that Indians faced along the trail?

  3. What kind of disease ravaged the Indian tribes on the Trail and approximately how many Indians died as a result of it?

  4. According to the actual account (linked below), what was the morale of Native Americans on the trail? Summarize the conditions and experiences from the firsthand accounts.

  • FOOD, WEATHER, EXHAUSTION & DISEASE- Click on the following link for general information: http://www.warpaths2peacepipes.com/history-of-native-americans/trail-of-tears.htm

  • THE MISSISSIPPI RIVER- Click on the following link to about the MIGHTY Mississippi River: http://www.caleuche.com/River/RiverFacts.htm 

  • ACTUAL ACCOUNTS OF THE TRAIL OF TEARS- by an Native Americans and other witnesses:

    • http://www.digitalhistory.uh.edu/learning_history/indian_removal/bushyhead.cfm

    • http://www.powersource.com/cherokee/burnett.html



 

Are you finished with all modules? Great! You may begin your essay! 



Task: Write a 1-2 page essay, pretending to be a Native American who has been forced to relocate to the Oklahoma Territory because of the Indian Removal Act.  Don't forget to include your Indian name and its meaning, the tribe you belong to, how you felt when you heard about the Indian Removal Act, and your struggle along the Trail of Tears.  You should use information from the links provided, as well as your imagination!!! Below is a list of things that MUST be included in the essay:

A.) Information from links:

  • What is your Indian name, and what is its meaning?

  • What tribe do you belong to?  Give me some background information on your tribe, including what region of the country they are native to, beliefs, customs, rituals, clothing, shelter, roles of men, women, and children, etc..

  • What was the Indian Removal Act?  Which President pushed for it to pass?  What did the Supreme Court rule about the Act, and how did the President respond?

  • What were some of the challenges you faced along the Trail?

 

B.) Examples of creative thinking topics to address:

  • how you felt when you heard about the Indian Removal Act?

  • what was the hardest part of the trail for you?

  • did anyone you know (family or friends) die along the trail (& how)?

http://www.onthisdeity.com/wp-content/uploads/2011/05/map-indian-removal-1.jpg

Questions to consider:

Module 1: Pick a Tribe



Tribe

Notes

Cherokee




Chickasaw




Choctaw




Creek




Seminole






    1. Which part of the country did your Indian tribe live?



    1. What were the roles of women, men, and children in your tribe?



    1. What were some of the rituals/customs of your tribe?



    1. How is your tribe's leadership organized?



    1. What kind of housing, clothing, and food were specific to your tribe?

Module Two- Pick an Indian Name

    1. What is your Indian name?




    1. What does your Indian name mean?

Module Three-The Indian Removal Act of 1830

    1. What were some of the events that led up to the Indian Removal Act?



    1. After the Indian Removal Act, what did the Supreme Court rule on it?



    1. What was the military round up that occurred shortly after the Indian Removal Act?

Module Four- Obstacles Along the Trail

1.What kind of food could you find consistently along the Trail to eat?

2.What were the weather conditions that Indians faced along the trail?

3.What kind of disease ravaged the Indian tribes on the Trail and approximately how many Indians died as a result of it?



4.According to the actual account (linked below), what was the morale of Native Americans on the trail? Summarize the conditions and experiences from the firsthand accounts.



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