Slavery Timeline 1501 African Slaves in the New World settlers bring slaves from Africa to Santo Domingo 1562

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American History-Factors Leading up to the Civil War

Fill-in the blanks on the timeline:

Slavery Timeline

1501 African Slaves in the New World ______ settlers bring slaves from Africa to Santo Domingo

1562 Britain Joins Slave Trade

1581 Slaves in Florida Spanish residents in ________________ the first permanent settlement in America, import African slaves.

1619 Slaves in Virginia Africans brought to __________ are the first slaves imported into Britain’s North American colonies. Like indentured servants, they were probably freed after a fixed period of service.

1775 American Revolution Begins Battles at the Massachusetts towns of ___________ and ____________, April 19

1775 Abolitionist Society Anthony Benezet of Philadelphia founds the world’s first abolitionist society. ___________________ becomes its president in 1787.

1776 _______________ ___ _______________

1783 American Revolution Ends

1784 Abolition Effort Congress narrowly defeats ________________ proposal to ban slavery in new territories after 1800.

1787 Slavery is made illegal in the _____________ Territory. The Constitution states that Congress may not ban the slave trade until _______.

1790—First United States Census Nearly 700,000 slaves live and toil in a nation of 3.9 million people.

1793 __________ ______ ____ The United States outlaws any efforts to impede the capture of runaway slaves.

1794—_________ ____ Eli Whitney patents his device for pulling seeds from cotton. The invention turns cotton into the cash crop of the American South—and creates a huge demand for slave labor.

1808 United States Bans Slave Trade Importing African slaves is outlawed, but smuggling continues.

1820—_____________ __________, _________ is admitted to the Union as a slave state, Maine as a free state. Slavery is forbidden in any subsequent territories north of latitude 36°30´.

1846-48 ___________-__________ _____, Mexico yields an enormous amount of territory to the United States. Americans then wrestle with a controversial topic: Is slavery permitted in the new lands?

1849 ___________ _________ Escapes After fleeing slavery, later returns south at least 15 times to help rescue several hundred others.

1850 _____________ __ _____ In exchange for California’s entering the Union as a free state, northern congressmen accept a harsher Fugitive Slave Act.

1852 _________ _____ _______ Published Harriet Beecher Stowe’s novel about the horrors of slavery sells 300,000 copies within a year of publication.

1854 ________ -_______ Act Setting aside the Missouri Compromise of 1820, Congress allows these two new territories to choose whether to allow slavery. Violent clashes erupt.

1857 _______ ________ Decision The United States Supreme Court decides, seven to two, that blacks can never be citizens and that Congress has no authority to outlaw slavery in any territory.

1860 Abraham Lincoln Elected Abraham Lincoln of Illinois becomes the first ____________ to win the United States Presidency.

1860—Southern __________ South Carolina secedes in December. More states follow the next year.

1861-65 United States Civil War Four years of brutal conflict claim 623,000 lives.

1863 ______________ ____________ President Abraham Lincoln decrees that all slaves in Rebel territory are free on January 1, 1863.

1865 Slavery Abolished The ___th Amendment to the United States Constitution outlaws slavery.

What did the Founding Fathers think about slavery?

Many o f the Founding Fathers agreed that slavery violated the core of the American Revolution’s ideal of liberty. However their commitment to property rights, limited government, and harmony between the North and South. The considerable investment of Southern Founders in slave-based staple agriculture, combined with their deep-seated racial prejudice, posed additional obstacles to emancipation. Directions: List some of the conflicts and actions taken by the most notable founders.

Founding Father Personal Beliefs/Conflict Official Actions

George Washington-

Thomas Jefferson-

James Madison-

John Adams-

Benjamin Franklin-





Confederates open fire on Fort Sumter, Lincoln calls for volunteers, Upper South secedes from the Union.

Kansas-Nebraska Act establishes popular sovereignty to decide the issue of slavery

Texas is annexed into the United States.
Cause and Effect (Complete the following chart)

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