Slavery & Compromise Period 5: 1844-1877 Do Now



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Slavery & Compromise

Period 5: 1844-1877

Do Now:

  • The Missouri Compromise (aka Compromise of 1820) preserved sectional balance for 30 years. What were the 3 aspects of Clay’s plan in 1820?



Status of Slavery in New Territories:

  • 3 Conflicting Positions:

    1. ________________________________________

          • Formed in 1848 by supporters of the failed Wilmot Proviso, including members of the Whig Party & Liberty Party

          • "free soil, free labor, & free men“

          • ____________________________________________________________________________

          • Advocated for free homesteads (land) too!

    2. ________________________________________

          • Viewed restriction of slavery as a violation of constitutional right

          • Moderates wanted to extend 36°30’ to the Pacific Ocean

  1. ________________________________________

          • ______________________________________________________________, NOT Congress!

          • Those who settle a territory would vote

          • “____________________________________”

Positive Good”:



  • In the midst of expansionist ideology and Manifest Destiny, John C. Calhoun gave his “Positive Good” speech to Congress in 1837.

  • Read excerpts of the speech and complete the questions that follow with your partner.


Compromise of 1850:

  • 1850: California applied for statehood as free state

    • Southern states feared this would upset sectional balance in Congress

  • John C. Calhoun

    • “_____________________________________”

    • Claimed Constitution cannot regulate slavery in the territories b/c slaves are property & Constitution cannot limit property rights

    • _______________________________________________________________________________

  • The Compromise of 1850

    • Proposed by Henry Clay, supported by fellow Whig Daniel Webster & Democrat, Stephen A. Douglas

    • The compromise contained 4 main points:

        • ____________________________________________________________________________

        • Slave trade, not slavery, abolished in Washington, D.C.

        • ____________________________________________________________________________

        • ____________________________________________________________________________

  • Fugitive Slave Act

    • _______________________________________________________________________________

    • Individual citizens had to assist in the capturing of runaway slaves

    • Federal commissions, not the courts, would decide cases involving fugitive slaves

Foner on the Fugitive Slave Act: C-SPAN Video Clip

  • According to Foner, what issue(s) does the Fugitive Slave Act further intensify leading up to the Civil War?


Kansas-Nebraska Act:

  • 1854: To further his presidential ambitions, Sen. Stephen A. Douglas (D–IL) introduced the Kansas-Nebraska Act

    • Created the new territories of Kansas and Nebraska

    • The issue of slavery would be determined by ___________________________________________

  • What about the Missouri Compromise?

Bleeding Kansas”:



  • Kansas held elections in 1854 & 1855

    • Hundreds of proslavery Missourians crossed into Kansas to cast ______________________ ballots

    • Free-Soilers paid antislavery settlers transportation  started their own government

    • In 1856 __________________________________________________________________________

________________________________________________________________________________

      • Over 200 killed


Wrap Up:

  • Why did the expansion of slavery become the most divisive political issue in the 1840s and 1850s?

_________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________


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