September 14, 1943 World News: Thompson Commands Irish Base; Other Developments



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Issue Date: September 14, 1943

World News:
Thompson Commands Irish Base; Other Developments


  • Wednesday, September 8

    • Thompson Commands Irish Base

  • Thursday, September 9

    • German Version of Mussolini Ouster

  • Friday, September 10

    • Hitler Scores Italian "Betrayal"

    • Iran Joins United Nations

    • Germans Fine Danes

  • Saturday, September 11

    • Earthquake Hits Japan

    • Mrs. Roosevelt in North Australia

  • Sunday, September 12

    • Germany Calls 50-60-Year Group

    • Finns Bar Unconditional Surrender

    • Copenhagen Plant Bombed

  • Monday, September 13

  • Tuesday, September 14

    • New Bulgarian Cabinet

    • China Rejects Japanese Peace Offers

Wednesday, September 8

Thompson Commands Irish Base

U.S. Naval Headquarters in London announces the appointment of Captain Harry L. Thompson to be commandant of the U.S. Navy base at Londonderry, North Ireland, succeeding Commodore James A. Logan. [See 1943 Deaths: Commodore James A. Logan]

Thursday, September 9

German Version of Mussolini Ouster

The Berlin radio says King Victor Emmanuel of Italy and Marshal Pietro Badoglio plotted the ousting of Benito Mussolini as Premier. At the end of a three-hour audience with the King, Mussolini was told Badoglio had replaced him. He defied the King and was seized by Badoglio's men as he left the palace. [See 1943 World News: Fascist Party Dissolved; Riots Sweep Italy; Other Developments]

Friday, September 10

Hitler Scores Italian "Betrayal"

Reichsfuhrer Adolf Hitler, in a broadcast to the German people, says Italy's "betrayal" of the Axis "means little in a military sense" and accuses Premier Pietro Badoglio and King Victor Emmanuel of assuring, "even after the capitulation" had been signed, that Italy "would stand at Germany's side."

He hails Benito Mussolini as "the greatest son of Italian soil since the collapse of the ancient empire" and "one of the most outstanding men of modern times," and scores "reactionary enemies" for subjecting him to "disgraceful insults."

He says German forces will fight on in Italy and tells the Allies they will "never break the ring of steel" that "protects the German Reich." He says there will be no July 25th [the day of Mussolini's downfall] in Germany because of "my personal position" and the "attitude of my political collaborators and my field marshals, admirals and generals." [See 1943 World News: Martial Law Decreed in Sofia; Other Developments; 1943 World News: Giraud Issues Reforms, to See De Gaulle; Other Developments]

Iran Joins United Nations

Secretary of State Cordell Hull welcomes Iran into the ranks of the United Nations--the 32nd member--24 hours after that country declared war on Germany. [See 1943 World News: Eden at Quebec Conference; Other Developments; 1943 World News: Communists, Peyrouton Irk French Factions; Other Developments]

Germans Fine Danes

Stockholm reports that German occupation authorities in Denmark imposed a fine of 1,000,000 crowns on the city of Copenhagen in reprisal for the slaying of a Nazi corporal September 7. [See 1943 World News: Denmark--Nazi Curbs Eased; Other Developments]

Saturday, September 11

Earthquake Hits Japan

Japan's worst earthquake in 10 years killed 1,400 persons September 3 in the town of Tottori, according to the All-India radio, which also reports damage in Osaka. The Tokio radio says damage was "slight." [See 1943 World News: Rumanian Peace Offer Reported; Other Developments]

Mrs. Roosevelt in North Australia

Mrs. Eleanor Roosevelt arrives in Cairns on the North Australian coast, only a few hours by air from the fighting zone in New Guinea. [She leaves Australia by plane September 14.] [See 1943 World News: Denmark--Nazi Curbs Eased; Other Developments]

Sunday, September 12

Germany Calls 50-60-Year Group

Germany has called men of the 50-60-year group for military service and has ordered the removal of women and children from all large cities, Stockholm dispatches report. They add that the Nazi Party has arranged speaking tours to combat "war weariness." [See 1943 World War II: Russians Drive into Ukraine; Other Developments]

Finns Bar Unconditional Surrender

A Finnish Government spokesman declares Finland will not accept unconditional surrender and says that the Russian war "is Finland's own war," according to a Stockholm report. [See 1943 World News: Denmark--Nazi Curbs Eased; Other Developments]

Copenhagen Plant Bombed

The Citroen automobile plant at Copenhagen was damaged yesterday by a bomb explosion, and Nazi authorities arrested 400 Danes September 8 during demonstrations over Italy's surrender, Stockholm reports. [See September 10]

Monday, September 13

China--Chiang Named President

The central executive committee of the Kuomintang, Chinese Government party, names Generalissimo Chiang Kai-shek to a three-year term as President of China, succeeding President Lin Sen, who died August 1. He retains leadership of the Executive Yuan (Cabinet) despite a Constitutional provision barring the president from holding a second government post.

Information Minister Chiang Tao-fan says the committee has moved to convene the National People's Congress within a year after the war's end and to draft a permanent constitution. Chiang told the committee September 6 that the Kuomintang should relinquish government control after the war and step down to "equal legal footing" with other parties. [See 1943 World News: Italy--Trade to Germany Reported Halted; Other Developments; 1943 Deaths: Lin Sen]

Canada Cuts Home Army

Canadian Defense Minister Colonel J. L. Ralston announces in Ottawa that two home defense divisions will be disbanded. Members fit for active service will be reassigned and about 20,000 others will be discharged. Regular draft quotas are unchanged. [See 1943 World News: Italy--Trade to Germany Reported Halted; Other Developments]

Tuesday, September 14

New Bulgarian Cabinet

DNB, German news agency, reports that Finance Minister Dobri Bojilov has been named Premier of Bulgaria, succeeding Bogdan Filov, who resigned to join the Regency with Prince Kyril, brother of the late King Boris, and ex-War Minister Lieutenant General Nikola Mihov. New members of the cabinet are: Foreign, Sara Kirov; Interior, Dotshe Christov; War, General Russa Russev; Trade, Ivan Vasov, and Railways, Ivan Betshkov. Holdovers are: Justice, Kosta Partov; Education, Prof. Boris Yotsov; Public Works, Dimiter Vassilev; Agriculture, Hristo Petrov. Berne reports that Bulgarian troops have begun occupation of Macedonia. [See 1943 World News: Denmark--Nazi Curbs Eased; Other Developments; 1942 World War II: Germans Advance on Stalingrad; Other Developments]



China Rejects Japanese Peace Offers

Chinese Foreign Minister Dr. T. V. Soong says at a Washington press conference that his government has rejected a Japanese offer to withdraw all troops from China, excluding Manchuria, in return for Chinese collaboration. [See September 13]


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