Semester Final Review Multiple Choice



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Semester Final Review

Multiple Choice

____ 1. Cultural diffusion may have affected an early civilization



a.

by encouraging the preservation of distinct characteristics.

b.

by making it more difficult to control trade.

c.

when people adopted new customs, skills, and technologies.

d.

by lowering the standards for entry into a craft guild.

____ 2. Which of the following was an effect of the Crusades?



a.

European kings gained more political power.

b.

Important trade routes were destroyed.

c.

Roman Catholics became more tolerant of Eastern Orthodoxy and Judaism.

d.

Knights gained political power.

____ 3. After Charlemagne’s death, which of the following occurred?



a.

Western Europe was split into five parts.

b.

France divided into several small states.

c.

Germany divided into several small states.

d.

The Papal States became an independent kingdom.

____ 4. What military advantage did the English have over the French in the Hundred Years’ War?



a.

a powerful Navy

c.

better weapons

b.

more soldiers

d.

better navigational instruments

____ 5. Why did Egyptians bury possessions with their dead?



a.

so the ka would recognize its body

c.

to sustain the ka in the afterlife

b.

to display the family’s wealth and privilege

d.

because inheritance was unknown in Egypt

____ 6. Which of the following manufactured products was most prized in the Han dynasty?



a.

iron armor and swords

c.

silk

b.

fine, lacquered furniture

d.

jade products

____ 7. Greeks tried to ensure that the gods and goddesses would protect them and their city-states by



a.

telling stories about their lives.

c.

performing rituals and sacrifices.

b.

building them homes on Mount Olympus.

d.

writing epics.

____ 8. The feudal system had which of the following effects?



a.

It freed most Europeans from work obligations.

c.

It centralized government.

b.

It increased the pope’s power.

d.

It diminished the power of kings.

____ 9. The way or force behind nature in Daoism is referred to as



a.

the dao

c.

the Four Noble Truths.

b.

the Middle Way

d.

nirvana

____ 10. Who wrote the Rubaiyat?



a.

Ibn Rushd

c.

Omar Khayyam

b.

Muhammad

d.

Jalal ad-Din Rumi

____ 11. Which of the following developments marked the transition from prehistory to the historical age?



a.

Hammurabi’s Code

c.

cuneiform

b.

the Phoenician alphabet

d.

the Torah

____ 12. Why did Constantine build a new capital?



a.

because he had a huge budget surplus

b.

because the east was richer and better defended

c.

to escape the authority of the pope

d.

to commemorate the place where he experienced religious conversion

____ 13. Which of the following began to extend the power of the monarchy throughout France?



a.

Eleanor of Aquitaine

c.

Otto the Great

b.

Hugh Capet

d.

King Harold

____ 14. During the Vedic period members of each varna



a.

married into a higher varna.

c.

followed the Middle Way.

b.

changed castes frequently.

d.

played specific roles in society.

____ 15. Why did the Persian emperor Darius attack the Greek mainland?



a.

to gain control of Greece’s vast natural resources

b.

to kidnap Helen, the beautiful queen of Athens

c.

to punish Athens for aiding the Ionians in their revolt against Persian rule

d.

to exact revenge for the Athenians’ victory at Marathon

____ 16. The Black Death led to



a.

the end of the Hundred Years’ War.

c.

massive witch hunts throughout Europe.

b.

greater religious tolerance in Western Europe.

d.

the collapse of the medieval manor system.

____ 17. The Muslim place of worship is called a



a.

hadith.

c.

minaret.

b.

mosque.

d.

Kaaba.

____ 18. One of the most important ideas of Confucianism was that



a.

women and men should be equal under the law.

b.

trade should be the basis of any economy.

c.

government leaders should rule with an iron fist.

d.

the family was central to the well-being of the state.

____ 19. Which of the following leaders set the stage for Athenian democracy by breaking up the power of noble families?



a.

Cleisthenes

c.

Draco

b.

Solon

d.

Peisistratus

____ 20. Which of the following would a follower of Legalism most likely have supported as a punishment for a scholar who criticized the government?



a.

firing him from his university position

c.

forced labor on massive building projects

b.

two days of house arrest

d.

torture and death

____ 21. Which of the following has the lowest status in Vedic society?



a.

the Rajanya

c.

the Sudra

b.

the Vaisya

d.

the Brahmin

____ 22. Which of the following historians examined his sources critically and excluded those that were unreliable?



a.

Zenophon

c.

Thucydides

b.

Herodotus

d.

Homer

____ 23. Israel split into two kingdoms because



a.

Moses told them God had willed it.

b.

the Philistines invaded.

c.

the Assyrians invaded.

d.

the twelve tribes disagreed over who should be king.

____ 24. Scholars believe the Olmec influenced other Mesoamerican civilizations because



a.

their agricultural practices were widely copied by later civilizations.

b.

elements of Olmec civilization can be seen in later Mesoamerican civilizations.

c.

there is no evidence of the Olmec after their mysterious decline.

d.

they were a relatively recent civilization.

____ 25. The Battle of Salamis was significant because it



a.

finally exacted revenge for Darius’s defeat in Athens.

b.

made a small force of Spartans martyrs for the Greek cause.

c.

marked the first time the Spartans and Athenians cooperated in battle.

d.

stranded the Persian army in Greece without naval support.

____ 26. One characteristic of civilization is



a.

industry.

c.

developed cities.

b.

fertile river valleys.

d.

a university.

____ 27. Europe became a feudal society because



a.

overpopulation required that a more efficient agricultural system be developed.

b.

skilled craftspeople had emerged as farming techniques improved.

c.

Europeans needed to defend themselves against constant raids and invasions.

d.

the rarity of cash required land to be used as a payment for services.

____ 28. Which dynasty unified China in 221 BC?



a.

Daoist

c.

Zhou

b.

Qin

d.

Han

____ 29. Why did the Han develop a civil service system?



a.

to solidify the dynasty’s power by offering rivals government jobs

b.

to reward soldiers for military service

c.

to encourage higher education among the nation’s youth

d.

to obtain officials who held Confucian values

____ 30. Which king drove the Vikings north of London?



a.

Alfred

c.

William

b.

Henry

d.

Harold

____ 31. Buddhism became popular in China because



a.

Zhang Qian introduced Buddhism when he returned from Central Asia.

b.

its message of escape from suffering offered more hope than did Confucianism.

c.

the emperor became a Buddhist in AD 200.

d.

civil service exams were based on Buddhist principles.


____ 32. Study the chart titled “Roman Government.” In what way could tribunes check the power of the elected magistrates?



a.

by passing laws

c.

by vetoing the actions of the magistrates

b.

by controlling the magistrates’ budget

d.

by vetoing laws

____ 33. The chart titled “Roman Government” shows that the Romans designed their government to



a.

respond quickly to military attacks.

b.

centralize power in one person.

c.

promote trade and commerce.

d.

incorporate checks on the power of different parts of government.

____ 34. Which of the following built the largest empire in South America?



a.

the Aztecs

c.

the Incas

b.

the Moche

d.

the Nazca

____ 35. People who accepted the Umayyad rulers were known as



a.

Shia.

c.

Sunnis.

b.

Sufis.

d.

Meccans.

____ 36. What led early civilizations to create calendars?



a.

the need to chart electoral cycles as governments developed

b.

the need to track yearly flooding and growing seasons

c.

the need to chart nomadic movements

d.

determining religious holidays

____ 37. Which of the following emerged in the early Christian Church to oversee church affairs and priests within each city?



a.

the laity

c.

bishops

b.

Apostles

d.

popes

____ 38. Persia’s Royal Road was built in order to



a.

foster communication between distant parts of the empire.

b.

conquer additional territory.

c.

discourage far-flung trading networks.

d.

encourage tourism.

____ 39. Electing tribunes and displaying the Law of the Twelve Tables



a.

benefited tribunes.

b.

protected plebeians against unjust treatment by patricians.

c.

showed the influence of the Etruscans.

d.

violated the constitution hammered out by patricians and plebeians.

____ 40. What led to the building of permanent settlements?



a.

development of simple governments

c.

the development of agriculture

b.

the end of bloody warfare

d.

migration to the Americas

____ 41. What was a major difference between the Maya civilization and other civilizations in Mesoamerica?



a.

It emerged much earlier than any other civilization.

b.

Unlike other civilizations, its leaders preferred diplomacy over warfare.

c.

It was much larger than the others.

d.

It engaged in trade, while others did not.




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