Sectionalism and The United States Daniel Webster and Andrew Jackson



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Sectionalism and The United States

Daniel Webster and Andrew Jackson

A.P. U.S. History


Part I – Webster-Hayne Debates

Reading A – Hayne Advocates Nullification (pgs. 245-246)

1. What significant role does Hayne see for states in the federal system? How would this “plan” change the nature of checks and balances?

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Reading B – Webster Pleads for the Union (pgs. 246-248)

1. In the italicized intro, Webster refers to a “rope of sand”. What is this metaphor referring to?

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2. What are THREE arguments developed by Webster against nullification?

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3. In your opinion, what is his strongest argument and why?

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Part II – The Issue of the Bank and Andrew Jackson’s Veto


1. Using your textbook, summarize the background of the battle over the recharter of the Bank of the U.S. (pgs. 293)

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American Spirit Reading – “Jackson Vetoes the Bank Recharter” – pg. 253-255
2. According to the reading in American Spirit, what are THREE reasons Jackson vetoed the recharter of the bank?

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3. Do you think the American people agreed with Jackson’s use of the veto even though his critics called the veto an abuse of presidential power?

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4. Pick two quotes that best represent Jackson’s perception of democratic ideals.

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Part III – The War on the Bank of the U.S.


To answer the following questions, refer to pages 294-296 in The Enduring Vision.

1. When historians refer to the “War on the Bank” what are they referring to? HINT: What were Jackson’s and Biddle’s roles?

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2. Why was Jackson’s policy toward the bank seemingly the opposite of what he would normally do?

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3. What issues led to the rise of the Whig party? (HINT: There are MANY reasons – all are discussed on pages 295-296)

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4. What was the purpose of the above political cartoon? What event or events do you think inspired it?

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5. Read “A Boston Journal Attacks Jackson” on pg. 255 (American Spirit). What are three “charges” leveled at Jackson? Do you think they would agree with the above political cartoon?

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Part IV – Video Question

1. According to the video, what is Andrew Jackson’s enduring legacy? Why is he ranked a “great” president? Do you think this is enough to justify his ranking as a “near great” president (he is ranked #6 out of 40)?

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