| RWANDA UNDER THE RPF:
ASSESSING TWENTY YEARS OF POST-CONFLICT GOVERNANCE
Biographies of Speakers and Chairs
An Ansoms is junior professor in development studies at the Université de Louvain (UCL - Belgium). She specialises in rural development and land dynamics in central-Africa. She has been working on Rwanda since 2001, looking specifically at the way in which macro-level rural policies affect local livelihoods in rural settings. She co-edited 2 books on natural
resources in the Great Lakes Region and on ethical challenges of field research in central-Africa.
Haydée Bangerezako is a former journalist based in eastern and southern Africa and currently pursuing the Interdisciplinary PhD Programme in Social Studies at the Makerere Institute of Social Research, majoring in Political Science and History. With a MA in anthropology from Witwatersrand University, her interest lies in the relationship between the state and its subjects, post-colonialism, youth, work, identity and feminist theory.
Denise Bentrovato is a post-doctoral researcher and a focal point for Africa at the Georg Eckert Institute for International Textbook Research in Brunswick, Germany. Her work at the “Textbooks and Conflict” department concentrates on investigating the role of education, and particularly history education, in conflict and peace in Sub-Saharan Africa. During the past few years, she has been working in the areas of post-war educational reconstruction and reform, history curriculum and textbook analysis and revision, and genocide education in the framework of peacebuilding and reconciliation processes.
Kris Berwouts has, over the last 25 years, worked for a number of Belgian and international NGOs focused on building peace, reconciliation, security and democratic processes. Until 2012, he was the Director of EurAc, the network of European NGOs working for advocacy on Central Africa. He now works as an independent expert on Central Africa. He studied African languages at the University of Ghent, where he worked in the Center for Swahili and published four books on African oral literature.
David Booth is a Research Fellow in Politics and Governance at the Overseas Development Institute, London. He has been a Professor of Development Studies at the University of Wales Swansea and managing editor of two international journals. He now leads a project on Developmental Regimes in Africa funded by the Netherlands Ministry of Foreign
Benjamin Chemouni is a PhD candidate in the Department of International Development, London School of Economics and Political Science (LSE). His research explores the variation of state effectiveness between Rwanda and Burundi in policy implementation through the lens of the health and agriculture sectors.
Giuseppe Cioffo is currently a PhD candidate at Université Catholique de Louvain, where he works on agricultural modernization policies in Rwanda. He is particularly interested in the interactions between changes in farming practices and environmental and social change. In the past, he has also worked on such topics in the NGO as well as in the media sector.
Phil Clark is Reader in Comparative and International Politics at SOAS, University of London, and previously co-founder and convenor of Oxford Transitional Justice Research, University of Oxford. He specialises in the history, law and politics of the Great Lakes region, with a particular focus on the causes of, and responses to, mass violence. His latest books are The Gacaca Courts, Post-Genocide Justice and Reconciliation in Rwanda: Justice without Lawyers (CUP, 2010) and Doing Justice during Conflict: The Politics of the ICC in Uganda and the Democratic Republic of Congo (forthcoming).
Devon Curtis is Lecturer in the Department of Politics and International Studies at the University of Cambridge and a Fellow of Emmanuel College. Her main research interests and publications deal with power-sharing and governance arrangements following conflict, UN peacebuilding, non-state armed movements in the Great Lakes region of Africa, and critical perspectives on conflict, peacebuilding, and development. She is the co-editor of Peacebuilding, Power and Politics in Africa (Ohio University Press, 2012).
Richard Dowden is a British journalist who specialises in African issues. Since 1975, he has worked for several British media agencies, including as Africa Editor for The Independent and later The Economist, and for the past eight years he has been the Executive Director of the Royal African Society. He is author of the book, “Africa: Altered States, Ordinary Miracles” (Portobello Books, 2008), and the Africa Blog on the Royal African Society website.
Gerald Gahima is a co-founder of the Rwanda National Congress. He was previously the prosecutor general of Rwanda and deputy chief justice of the Supreme Court of Rwanda. Between 2005 and 2007, he was a judge at the War Crimes Chamber of the Court of Bosnia-Herzegovina and a senior fellow at the United States Institute of Peace. During the 1980s, he was an attorney for three law firms in Kenya and in 1985 he received his LLM from the London School of Economics and Political Science.
Frederick Golooba-Mutebi is a Kampala- and Kigali-based independent researcher; honorary research fellow with the school of environment and development (University of Manchester); formerly associated with the Africa Power and Politics Programme (ODI); the Crisis States Research Centre (LSE); and the Chronic Poverty Research Centre (ODI & Manchester); and is a columnist for The East African newspaper.
Tom Goodfellow is a Lecturer in Urban Studies and International Development at the University of Sheffield. Prior to this he was a Fellow in International Development at the LSE, where he completed his PhD in 2012. He was also a Research Associate of the Crisis States Research Centre from 2008-2011, developing their work on Cities and Conflict in Fragile States. He has articles in journals including Urban Studies, Geoforum, Comparative Politics and Oxford Development Studies.
Bert Ingelaere has studied philosophy as well as social and cultural anthropology at the University of Leuven (KULeuven) and holds a PhD in Development Studies, University of Antwerp. Since 2004, he has conducted over 35 months of fieldwork in rural Rwanda and Burundi. Currently, he is a postdoctoral research fellow at the Research Foundation – Flanders (FWO) at the Institute of Development Policy and Management (IOB), University of Antwerp and affiliated with the Centre for Research on Peace and Development (CRPD), KULeuven. He has written several articles and reports on Rwanda and Burundi for such publications as African Affairs, International Journal of Transitional Justice or Critique of Anthropology and is co-editor of Genocide, Risk and Resilience: An Interdisciplinary Approach (forthcoming - November 2013).
Marco Jowell is an independent researcher and consultant on the politics of east and central Africa. He was the Political Affairs Officer for the UN Group of Experts on DR Congo and a former Senior Research Analyst on the African Great Lakes region for the UK Foreign and Commonwealth Office (FCO). He was also Head of applied research for the International Peace Support Training Centre (IPSTC) in Kenya and was Director of Research for a Kigali based think tank, the Great Lakes Centre for Strategic Studies (GLCSS). He is completing a PhD at SOAS.
Julius Kiiza is an Associate Professor of Political Economy and Development in the Department of Political Science and Public Administration at Makerere University (Uganda). He holds a Bachelor of Arts (Honours) degree from Makerere University, a First Class Master of Public Policy from the University of Sydney (Australia), and a PhD from the same University. Julius did his postdoctoral studies at the Cambridge University Centre for African Studies in 2003. He has since been a visiting fellow at Dickinson College in Pennsylvania (USA), and more recently, at the Washington-based Center for Global Development.
Jean-Paul Kimonyo is currently a Senior Advisor in the Office of the President of Rwanda in charge of NEPAD. Previously he was the head of the Strategy and Policy Unit in the same Office. Dr Kimonyo has worked as an independent consultant in post-conflict reconstruction in Rwanda, Burundi and Cote d’Ivoire. He is the founder and the first director of the Centre for Conflict Management at the National University of Rwanda. He is the author of the book “Rwanda: the Popular Genocide”. He holds a PhD in Political Science.
Margot Leegwater is an anthropologist and a PhD student at the African Studies Centre in Leiden (the Netherlands). Her research concerns local land access practices in southeast Rwanda and the impact of land policies on social relations.
Esther Marijnen is a PhD candidate at the Institute for European Studies at the Vrije Universiteit Brussel. She holds an MA in Conflict Studies and Human Rights from the University of Utrecht (the Netherlands). In her PhD research project, Esther analyses the approach the EU pursues towards the Democratic Republic of Congo and how this interacts with conflict transformation processes in the Great Lakes region from a bottom-up perspective. During her earlier studies Esther conducted field research in Rwanda, and among the Rwandan diaspora communities mainly in Brussels. Her other research interests include conflict transformation, peace building, Rwandan politics and European Foreign and Security Policy.
Jason Mosley has been a Research Associate of the African Studies Centre since 2012. He is also the Managing Editor of the Journal of Eastern African Studies and an Associate Fellow of the Africa Programme at Chatham House. His main geographical interests are in the greater Horn of Africa, the Great Lakes region and Nigeria. He is interested in the politics of ethnicity, and of religion -- particularly of Islam -- in these and other areas. Current research is focused on the impact of multilateral regional organisations on stability in the Horn of Africa, and on linkages between state-building, foreign investment and security in peripheral regions in East Africa and the Horn.
Catharine Newbury is Gwendolen Carter Professor in African Studies (Emerita) at Smith College. She is the author of The Cohesion of Oppression: Clientship and Ethnicity in Rwanda and has published many articles on political processes in Central Africa. She is a past president of the African Studies Association, and a former book review co-editor of the African Studies Review.
Nicola Palmer is a lecturer in criminal law at King's College London. She was previously the Global Justice Research Fellow at St Anne’s College, University of Oxford, having completed her DPhil in law in 2011. Her current work focuses on criminal justice in post-genocide Rwanda, examining the interactions among international, national and localised courts. She has published on the transfer of cases from the International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda (ICTR) to the Rwandan national courts and domestic interpretations of international law in Rwanda. She has previously worked at the ICTR and completed her undergraduate degrees in law and economics at Rhodes University, South Africa.
Kirrily Pells completed a PhD (London) on children and youth in post-conflict situations with a focus on Rwanda and a postdoctoral fellowship on a Mellon Sawyer-funded seminar series, 'Fratricide and Fraternité: Understanding and Repairing Neighbourly Atrocity'. Kirrily has published a series of articles and chapters on the legacies of the Rwanda genocide for children and youth and different programmatic approaches. She is currently based at the Department of International Development, University of Oxford.
Kirsten Pontalti is a doctoral candidate at the University of Oxford Department for International Development who has just returned from Rwanda with her husband and three children following ten months of research in both Kigali and a rural sector. Kirsten’s ethnographic and historical research in Rwanda focused on uncovering how and why young people’s social transition to adulthood has been changing over the past century so as to understand what children’s lives can tell us about the state of the post-genocide developmental state. Kirsten combines an academic background in conflict, development and state building (MA) and International Business (B.Comm) with twenty years of practical expertise gained from working for local, national and international organizations concerned
with child poverty and international development.
Andrea Purdeková is a Departmental Lecturer in African Politics at the African Studies Centre, University of Oxford. She has previously taught at the University of London (SOAS) and Oxford's Department of International Development (QEH). She holds a DPhil in Development Studies and an MSc in Forced Migration from Oxford and an MA in International Relations from Johns Hopkins SAIS. Most recent publication: 'Rendering Rwanda Governable: Order, Containment and Cleansing in the Rationality of Post-Genocide Rule' (forthcoming in L'Afrique des Grands Lacs: Annuaire, 2012-2013).
Filip Reyntjens is Professor of African Law and Politics at the Institute of Development Policy and Management, University of Antwerp. He is a full member of the Belgian Royal Academy of Overseas Sciences and a board member of several scientific organizations. Among other assignments, he has been a visiting professor in Paris, Pretoria, Butare (Rwanda), Kinshasa and Mbarara (Uganda), as well as vice-rector of the University of Mbuji Mayi (DRC). For over 35 years, he has specialised in the law and politics of Sub-Sahara Africa, and the Great Lakes Region in particular, on which he has published several books and hundreds of scholarly articles. His latest book is The Great African War. Congo and Regional Geopolitics, 1996-2006 (Cambridge University Press 2009). Political governance in post-genocide Rwanda (Cambridge University Press 2013) is forthcoming.
Anastase Shyaka is the Chief Executive Officer of the Rwanda Governance Board. Previously he was the Director of the Centre for Conflict Management at the National University of Rwanda and a Fulbright scholar at George Mason University, where he conducted research on peace and democratisation processes in the Great Lakes region. He is the founder of two journals, Rwanda Governance Review and the Journal of African Conflicts and Peace Studies.
Timothy P. Williams is a final-year PhD candidate studying international development at University of Bath. His thesis ethnographically explores children’s experiences of school-based education in a rural Rwandan context. He previously worked at Harvard University where he coordinated a multi-country child protection research project.