Russian Revolution Notes Revolution of 1905 Causes



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Russian Revolution

Notes
Revolution of 1905




  1. Causes

  1. low spirits after defeat in 1904 Russo-Japanese War

  2. poverty and bad working conditions

  3. corrupt government

  4. “Bloody Sunday” killings




  1. Effects

  1. the “October Manifesto” – Czar Nicholas II announces reforms and new freedoms

  2. Nicholas II sets up the Duma, which must approve all laws

  3. Nicholas II dissolves the first Duma when its leaders criticize the government

  4. Pogroms continue

  5. new voting laws limit powers of later Dumas


February Revolution of 1917

I. Causes of March (Feb) 1917


A. heavy losses on the battlefield (WWI)

  1. food/fuel shortages

  2. workers go on strike

  3. troops abandon the royal family


II. Effects

  1. Czar abdicates throne – March 15th

  2. new government established made up of mostly middle class

  3. Mensheviks- workers and peasants

  4. Bolsheviks-“the majority”, radicals led by Lenin

  5. government failed because it lacked support of the Russian people


October Revolution of 1917
I. Causes November (Oct) 1917

A. provisional government fails to bring about change

B. provisional government continues War with Germany

C. did little to end unrest among peasants and workers


II. Effects

  1. Bolsheviks (REDS) seize power with a coup- overthrow of government

  2. Vladamir Lenin comes to power on promise of “Peace, land, and Bread”

      1. land is redistributed to the peasants

      2. Russia withdraws from WWI – Treaty of Brest-Litovsk

      3. workers begin to gain control of the factories and mines

      4. royal family is murdered by the Bolsheviks – July 1918

      5. famine kills 5 million and Russia suffers from political instability

      6. New Economic Policy (NEP) – government controls banks, large industry, and foreign trade.

      7. Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (U.S.S.R) – Lenin established this after gaining control over most of the old Russian Empire by 1922. Included peoples in Europe and Asia.

Russian Revolution

Notes
Revolution of 1905




  1. Causes

  1. low spirits after defeat in 1904 ____________________ War

  2. poverty and bad working conditions

  3. corrupt government

  4. “____________________” killings

  1. Effects

  1. the “____________________” – Czar Nicholas II announces reforms and new freedoms

  2. Nicholas II sets up the ____________________, which must approve all laws

  3. Nicholas II dissolves the first Duma when its leaders criticize the government

  4. ____________________ continue

  5. new voting laws limit powers of later ____________________

February Revolution of 1917

I. Causes of March (Feb) 1917


    1. heavy losses on the battlefield (____________________)

    2. food/fuel shortages

    3. workers go on strike

    4. troops abandon the royal family

II. Effects

  1. Czar ____________________ throne – March 15th

  2. new government established made up of mostly middle class

  3. ____________________ - workers and peasants

  4. ____________________ -“the majority”, radicals led by _______________

  5. government failed because it lacked support of the Russian people

October Revolution of 1917
I. Causes November (Oct) 1917

A. provisional government fails to bring about ____________________

B. provisional government continues War with ____________________

C. did little to end unrest among peasants and workers


II. Effects

  1. Bolsheviks (REDS) seize power with a coup - overthrow of government

  2. ____________________ comes to power on promise of “____________________”

      1. land is redistributed to the peasants

      2. Russia withdraws from WWI – ____________________

      3. workers begin to gain control of the factories and mines

      4. royal family is _________________ by the Bolsheviks – July 1918

      5. ____________________ kills 5 million and Russia suffers from political instability

      6. ____________________ (NEP) – government controls banks, large industry, and foreign trade.

      7. _______________________________ (U.S.S.R) – Lenin established this after gaining control over most of the old Russian Empire by 1922. Includes peoples in Europe and Asia.


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