Russian Revolution: Chpt. 14. 1 Name: Per. Czar Nicolas II



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Russian Revolution: Chpt. 14.1 Name: Per.

Czar Nicolas II- King of Russia in the early 1900’s

Abdicate- to give up the position of King and all its powers to another person or group.

Bolshevics- Lenin’s Communist party in Russia

Duma- the Russian parliament, like a congress and made up of elected officials who make and enforce laws.

The Provisional Government- A group of democracy minded upper and middle class men, trying to run the government after the Czar steps down. They want to stick it out in WWI.

Kerenski- The head of the Provisional Government, a capitalist. Also tries to keep Russia in WWI.

The Soviets- Councils of Elders from all the great cities of Russia. The biggest cities elect Communist Bolsheviks to their Soviets and eventually, these groups, led by Lenin, take over in a coup.

Lenin- Brilliant Communist mastermind who leads the Bolsheviks in a bloodless coup and takes over Russia.

Mensheviks- Opponents to the Bolsheviks, capitalist, funded by the US, they fight a civil war for two years until they are defeated by the red army.

Causes of the Russian Revolution: Why are the Russian people angry?

Autocratic Rule




Industrialization




Russo-Japanese War




Bloody Sunday




WWI




Factors leading to Revolution in Russia

Directions: Label each of these factors political, economic or social

1. Russia had focused on a strong army and expanding its territories and now had a large country of many different nationalities.

2. Small section of the population was well-educated and traveled around Europe.

3. Previous attempts at revolution had occurred including a failed attempt in 1825, an assassination of the czar in 1881 and a failed revolution in 1905.

4. The response of the czars to attempts at revolution or reformation were to become more strict and repressive in their ruling, requiring loyalty to the country and the Russian Orthodox Church.

5. Majority of population are poor peasants who do not own the land that they farm.

6. Russia industrializes in the late 1800s. Working conditions in the factories were similar to those in England during the start of their Industrial Revolution.

7. An unarmed group of protesters led by a priest in 1905 who are loyal to the czar but want there to be reforms in the system, are shot down by the czar’s army.

8. Beginning in 1914 the Russians are fighting in World War I, causing a huge number of deaths for Russian soldiers and food shortages for Russians at home.

9. Ideas of democracy, socialism and communism are preached to the peasants at rallies and meetings.

10. Czar Nicholas II believes he rules by divine right, or because God chose him to rule.


Effects of these Causes: How do the Russian people respond to their situation?

Marxism (see pg 302 – 304)

The way communism is supposed to work



What do the people like about Marxism?

1. Based on Doc 1A, explain the beliefs of Vladimir Lenin and the Bolsheviks.

2. According to Doc. 1B, how was Russia affected by its involvement in WWI?


3. What did Communist Vladimir Lenin promise the Russian people?


4. Explain why communism might appeal to the Russian people.




March Revolution

Czar steps down, Lenin steps up



Why do people like Lenin’s ideas?

5. How did the Russian People respond to their poor living conditions in 1917?


Bolshevik Revolution

Why do the peasants support the Bolsheviks?

6. Why does Lenin want to overthrow the Provisional Government?





Further Effects: How do these revolutions effect Russia economically and politically?

Civil War




Lenin’s New Economic Policy and Political Reforms




7. What changes does Lenin make in his New Economic Policy?


8. According to Doc 4B, how did the NEP affect Russia?


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