Running head: the beginning of caesar

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The Mighty Romans

Kevin Heitzer

Arrowhead High School

  1. Julius Ceasar

    1. Born July 100 B.C

    2. Born into the Gens Julia

      1. Not highly politically influential

      2. High political turmoil in Rome

  2. Becoming a man

    1. Father died at 16

    2. Became head of family

    3. Broke off marriage with plebian and married patrician

    4. He was targeted by Lucius Cornelius Sulla

      1. Stripped of inheritance, wife’s dowry and priesthood

    5. His mother’s family stepped in and stopped Lucius

  3. Army

    1. Left Rome to join Army

    2. Won Civic Crown

    3. Returned to Rome upon Lucius death

  4. Legal Service

    1. Acquired modest house

    2. Turned to legal Service

      1. Known for gestures and high pitched voice

    3. Was captured by pirates across Aegon sea

      1. Demanded a higher ransom for himself

      2. Recaptured and crucified the pirates after he was ransomed

    4. Upon return to Rome, he was elected military tribune

  5. Political Career

    1. In 69 B.C, elected quaestor

    2. Journeyed to Spain

      1. Saw statue of Alexander the Great and asked himself why he hadn’t accomplished more.

    3. Elected to Pontifex Maximus, accusations of bribery from three candidates.

    4. Elected to govern Spain

      1. conquered two local tribes and was hailed as imperator by his troops

    5. returned to Rome and elected consul

    6. Appointed to Govern Gaul

      1. Pillaged and destroyed Gaulish rebels

Julius Ceasar was one of the greatest roman Emperors to ever live and had a profound impact on Roman culture and ideals. But who was Julius Ceasar before becoming dictator? It is evident that Caesars upbringing had a great deal of influence on why he chose the path to becoming one of the greatest rulers of all time.

Julius Ceasar was born was born into a patrician family, the gens Julia in July 100 B.C. Though his family was wealthy in comparison to the rest of Rome, they did not have much political influence in the daily doings of Roman politics.  Gaius Julius Caesar, Julius Caesar’s father, governed the province of Asia while his mother, Aurelia Cotta, came from an influential family. At the age of sixteen, Caesars father suddenly died and he was forced to become head of his household. The following year Caesar was nominated to become the new high priest of Jupiter. Because you not only had to be a patrician but also married to a patrician Caesar broke off his engagement with a plebian girl he was engaged to and married a Patrician woman named Cornelia Cinna. Due to the current political climate in Rome, the Roman dictator Sulla was destroying his political enemies. Caesar, due to his newly formed marriage, found himself at the forefront of Sullas attacks and therefore he was stripped of his inheritance, his wife's dowry and his priesthood, but he refused to divorce Cornelia and was forced to go into hiding. Because of the support of his mother’s family Sulla backtracked and did not make any more attacks on against Caesars livelihood. With no more attacks against his life, Caesar opted to serve Rome in the army.

Though Caesars time in the army was short lived he did accomplish a good amount. He won the Civic Crown for his part in an important siege and went on a mission to Bithynia to secure the assistance of King Nicomedes's fleet. In 78 B.C., Sulla died. Feeling that it was finally safe for himself to return home, Caesar bought a small home and turned to the profession of legal advocacy. Caesar did a tremendous job at legal advocacy and was known for his high voice and strong gestures. One of Caesars most historic moments as a legal advocate happened when he was travelling across the Aegon Sea. Caesar was captured by a group of pirates and ransomed. Caesar complained that the ransom wasn’t high enough for him and asked them to increase it. After he was ransomed he took control of a fleet captured the pirates. He crucified them on the stop. Due to military actions such as these Caesar was named a military tribune and went to serve in Spain. While there, he saw a statue of Alexander the Great and pondered why he hadn’t done as much with his life as Alexander had done at that point in his life. In 63 B.C he ran for Pontifex Maximus, which is considered the high priest of the Roman religion. After serving as high priest he was elected to serve as governor of Spain. Once there, he conquered two local tribes and was deemed imperator by his troops, which is considered the equivalent of commander. Due to Caesars triumphs, Rome deemed Caesar able to serve as governor of Gaul and he took down the rebels in that section of the Roman Empire. Due to his tremendous conquests Caesar gained a great deal of support from the Roman people and his troops. The roman senate, fearing his power, ordered Caesar back to Rome and to disband his army. Caesar refused and the civil war had begun in Rome.

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