Roots of Representative Government and the French and Indian War



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Roots of Representative Government and the French and Indian War

Use Chapter 5 Section 2 and 3 in your book to complete the following activities
The Magna Carta was an agreement between whom? Why was it created?

The Magna Carta was an agreement between King John and English noblemen and was created because the king needed money to pay for a war.


What rights were guaranteed by the Magna Carta? To whom were they guaranteed?

Rights: they could not have their property seized by the king or his officials; they could not be taxed unless a council of prominent men agreed, they could be punished only by a jury of their peers, the powers of the king were limited.


Over time these rights were guaranteed to all English people.
What was the model for the colonists’ representative government? Describe the structure of this model and who made up each part.

Parliament was the model. Parliament was made up of two houses: House of Commons-elected by the people, House of Lords-nonelected nobles, judges, and church officials


What two factors lead to the growth of elected representative bodies in the colonies?

  1. Salutary Neglect

  2. The colonists wanted a say in the laws governing them

What aspects of British rule did colonists begin to object to in the late 1600s?

The colonists disliked the laws being enforced by the royal governors

What was the effect England’s policy of Salutary Neglect on their colonies?

The colonists got used to making decisions on their own- self-government
What new freedom was supported by the decision in the John Peter Zenger Trial?

Freedom of press


Before the French and Indian War

France

vs

Great Britain

The land between the Appalachian Mountains and the Rocky Mountains

Location of North America settlements (geographic locations)

The land from the Atlantic Ocean to the Appalachian Mountains (the 13 colonies)

80,000

North American population in 1750

More than 1 million

Fur and trade

Basis of North American Economy

Trade, cash crops

Huron and Algonquin

Native

American allies

Iroquois




Causes and Effects of the French and Indian War

Causes of the War

Effects of the War

France and Britain arm the Native Americans

Native Americans revolt against the British

British colonists move into Ohio River Valley, claimed by France

Britain wins control of all North America east of the Mississippi River

France builds fort to keep British out

Britain defeats France

What did the Albany Plan of Union call for and why was it rejected?

Called for all the colonies to band together, have each colony send representatives to a Grand Council that would be able to collect taxes, raise armies, make treaties, and start new settlements.
The colonies did not want to give up control of their own affairs/ did not want to give up power
How did William Pitt and the British government approach fighting the war, and what effect did this approach have on the war?

He sent the nation’s best generals to American and borrowed money to pay colonial troops for fighting.


The British were able to defeat the French



European Land Claims in North America




Pre War

Post War

Great Britain

The 13 colonies, parts of Canada

All land to the Mississippi River, a much larger part of Canada

France

All the land between the Appalachian Mountains and the Rocky Mountains, almost all of Canada


Haiti

Spain

Florida, the land west of the Rocky Mountains and Latin America


The land between the Mississippi River and the Rocky Mountains, New Orleans, all of Latin America, part of Canada

How could the British use Pontiac’s Rebellion as a justification for the Proclamation of 1763?

Britain said that defending the Western land from Native American attacks would be too costly

Why would American colonists see the Proclamation of 1763 as a negative action?



The colonist had won the right to settle in the area by winning the French and Indian War


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