The Huns, under Attila and other barbaric groups ravaged areas that had been part of the Roman Empire
THE EFFECT OF INVASIONS:
Disruption of trade- merchants faced frequent invasions, their businesses collapsed and Europe’s cities were destroyed and abandoned as economic and political centers
Population shifts- the population of Western Europe became more rural as Roman centers of trade collapsed. Nobles retreated to rural areas and the cities were left without strong leadership. Other city dwellers moved to rural areas to grow their own food.
Few people except priests and other church officials could read and literacy was scorned.
Knowledge of Greek was almost lost
As German people mixed with the Roman population, Latin began to change until it was no longer understood from region to region- this development of various languages added to the break-up of the once unified Roman Empire
THE ROLE OF THE WESTERN CHURCH
The Church was an institution that survived the fall of Rome and helped carry on the Roman tradition.
Augustine (later known as Saint Augustine), a fifth century bishop of Hippo in North Africa was very influential and wrote the City of God which said that the fate of earthly cities was not important because the heavenly city could never be destroyed.
Nicene Creed 381 AD
We believe in one God,
the Father, the Almighty,
of all that is, seen and unseen.
We believe in one Lord, Jesus Christ,
the only Son of God,
eternally begotten of the Father,
God from God, Light from Light,
true God from true God,
begotten, not made,
of one Being with the Father.