Rome and Greece dbq



Download 44.12 Kb.
Date conversion20.04.2016
Size44.12 Kb.
Rome and Greece DBQ

For this option, you will be examining different documents, answering questions and writing an essay.


Background:

Ancient Greece and Rome were rich in culture and ideas. Many of the ideas we use today came from these two civilizations. From architecture to government to entertainment, the influence of the ancient Greeks and Romans can be seen in our lives today.



Task:

For Part A, read each document carefully and answer the question or questions after each document. Then read the directions for Part B and write your essay. For Part B, use your answers from Part A, information from the documents, and your knowledge of social studies to write a well-organized essay. In the essay you should answer the question: In what ways did Greece and Rome contribute to the United States?


Part A: Analyzing Documents

Document 1

In the ancient Greek city-state of Athens, citizenship carried both rights and responsibilities. A male citizen was expected to help defend Athens in war, to serve on a jury, and to participate in debates about issues. Pericles, a great leader in Athens, said:




“We do not say that a man who takes no interest in politics is a man who minds his own business; we say that he has no business here at all.”

1. What did Pericles think about citizens who did not participate in politics? What words lead you to think this?

__________________________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________________________
Document 2


Ancient Greeks held athletic competitions every four years to honor their gods.

These contests were held in the city of Olympia and soon became known as the Olympic Games. They included running, boxing, wrestling, and other events.

Look at the pictures below of an ancient Olympic contest and a modern Olympic contest.


1. Name two things you see in common between the two depictions of an Olympic competition.

__________________________________________________________________________________________


__________________________________________________________________________________________

2. What is one difference between the two contests?

__________________________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________________________

Document 3

Architecture was very important to the ancient Greeks. One distinctive feature was the use of columns. Modern architecture is often modeled after Greek architecture. Look at the three types of Greek columns, along with a photograph of the White House.




1. What type of column do the White House columns most closely resemble?

_______________________

Document 4

Hippocrates, who practiced medicine in ancient Greece around 400 B.C., is considered the father of modern medicine. He believed that illness came from natural causes rather than from the gods. Today doctors take a modern version of the Hippocratic Oath upon graduation from medical school. What follows is a part of the original oath:




“I will follow that method of treatment which, according to my ability and judgment, I consider for the benefit of my patients, and abstain [stay away] from whatever is deleterious [harmful] and mischievous. Whatever, in connection with my professional practice, or not in connection with it, I may see or hear in the lives of men which ought not to be spoken abroad [in public] I will not divulge [speak of], as reckoning [understanding] that all such should be kept”

1. From the oath, name at least two principles Hippocrates thought were important in the practice of medicine.

__________________________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________________________
2. Which of these principles are expectations for doctors today?

__________________________________________________________________________________________


__________________________________________________________________________________________
Document 5

The concept of democracy, or rule by the people, was first developed by ancient Greeks. Leaders of ancient Rome continued that development. Roman men were citizens who could vote for people to represent them. A ruling body, called a Senate, was run by powerful people. Less powerful citizens were given the right to veto or stop an action of the Senate. In these ways, all citizens had a say in the government. One emperor, Claudius, said,


“Let them enjoy indeed the title of citizens.”

—Emperor Claudius, as recorded b Tacitus, A.D. 48


1. What rights did Roman men enjoy as citizens?

__________________________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________________________

Document 6

The ancient Roman Empire covered a huge area and included many groups of people. To rule such a large area, the Romans created a code of laws that many nations still use today. What follows are some principles, or basic rules, that the

Romans developed.


  • All free people have equal rights before the law.

  • A person must be considered innocent until he or she is proven guilty.

  • Accused people should be allowed to face their accusers and defend themselves.

  • Judges must interpret the law and make decisions fairly.

  • People have rights that no government can take away.




  1. Which principle prevents a government from becoming too powerful?

__________________________________________________________________________________________


__________________________________________________________________________________________



  1. Which principle prevents someone from going to jail based on a rumor that he or she committed a crime?

__________________________________________________________________________________________


__________________________________________________________________________________________
Part B: Essay—Putting it all together
Using the documents, your answers from Part A, and your knowledge of social studies, write a well-organized essay about the following:
In what ways did Greece and Rome contribute to the United States?
In your essay, remember to:

  • Discuss Greek and Roman contributions in the areas of government, architecture, medicine, and entertainment.

  • Show how these contributions carry over to today.

  • Include an introduction, a body, and a conclusion.

  • Include details, examples, or reasons to develop your ideas.

  • Use information from the documents in your answer. Use phrases like, “for example” or “such as” in your paper to refer to the documents.

  • Check the rubric for expectations.


DBQ Rubric

Feature

5

4

3

2

1

Argument: Clear, well-developed thesis; addresses complexity of question

Thesis is well-developed and clearly focused; acknowledges the complexity of the question itself

Thesis must be consistent and controlled; may not be as focused as in top category

Limited or partially developed thesis which addressed question somewhat

Confused, unsupported, poorly developed thesis

No thesis or an irrelevant one

Grouping: Documents are placed in clear, logical groups

All documents are placed into groups; all four groups are discussed

Most documents are placed into groups; all four groups are discussed

Most documents are placed into groups; most groups are discussed

Some documents are placed into groups; some groups are discussed

Documents are not placed in groups

Critical Thought: Analysis of documents; discussion of conflicting evidence

In-depth document analysis; discussion of conflicting sources and information; relevance of outside knowledge to the argument

Analysis of several sources

More descriptive than analytic; may not discuss entire question

Limited understanding of question; ineffective or inaccurate analysis

Inadequate or inaccurate understanding of question

Evidence: Logical and balanced use of documents; displays sophisticated knowledge of subject

Balance between documents and outside information; ample discussion of relationships among sources

Considerable use of documents; less discussion of relationships among sources

Paraphrases documents; contains errors

Poor use of documents-often only a brief citation or paraphrase; inaccurate information; contains errors

Almost no use of documents or evidence; attempts are confused or inappropriate; major errors

Writing Style: Organization; clarity; mechanical skill

Must be well-organized and well-written; cogent

Clearly organized and written; not exceptional but logical

Acceptable organization and writing

Weak organization and writing

Disorganized and poorly written




Standard met by successful completion of this option: Standard 3—Understand the role of culture and cultural diffusion on the development and maintenance of societies.

The DBQ has been adopted and modified from http://www.mrmoore.net/UNIT%206%20GREECE%20and%20ROME/GREECE%20AND%20ROME%20DBQ.pdf.

The rubric has been adopted and modified from http://shs.westport.k12.ct.us/socst/rubrics/AP-DBQ.htm




The database is protected by copyright ©essaydocs.org 2016
send message

    Main page