Road to War – Answers



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Road to War – Answers

  1. What were the 3 aims of Hitler’s Foreign Policy?  

    1. To abolish the Treaty of Versailles, To expand German territory, To defeat Communism

  2. What was Lebensraum?  

    1. 'Living space' - room for the growing German population, especially in eastern Europe.

  3. What was Anschluss?  

    1. 'Union' - specifically between Germany and Austria

  4. What were the six steps to war, 1935–1939?  

    1. Rearmament (1933 onwards)

    2. Rhineland (7 March 1936)

    3. Austria (11 March 1938)

    4. Sudetenland (1 October 1938)

    5. Czechoslovakia (15 March 1939)

    6. Poland (1 September 1939)

  5. What is conscription?  

    1. Calling up men to join the army.  

  6. What date did Hitler introduce conscription in Germany?  

    1. 1935.

  7. When did Hitler reoccupy the Rhineland?  

    1. 7 March 1936

  8. How many soldiers did Hitler’s army have when he reoccupied the Rhineland, and what were their orders?

    1. 22,000; they had orders to retreat if the French tried to stop them.

  9. What did Chamberlain give Hitler at Munich?  

    1. The Sudetenland - the Czechs were not consulted.

  10. What was the date of the Munich agreement?  

    1. 29 September 1938

  11. When did Hitler invade Poland?  

    1. 1 September 1939

  12. When did Britain declare war on Germany?  

    1. 3 September 1939

  13. What was ‘appeasement’?  

    1. Giving a bully what he wants - ie, buying peace by giving Hitler everything he wanted.

  14. Give an example of someone who agreed with Chamberlain’s policy.  

    1. The Daily Express, Most of the British people, The French premier Daladier

  15. Give an example of someone who disagreed with Chamberlain’s policy.  

    1. Winston Churchill

  16. What date did Hitler invade Austria?  

    1. 11 March 1938

  17. During the Sudeten crisis, Chamberlain met Hitler on three occasions – where, and when?

    1. Berchtesgaden (15 September 1938)

    2. Bad Godesberg (22 September 1938)

    3. Munich (29 September 1938)

  18. Why did Chamberlain decide not to help Czecholsovakia?  

    1. it was 'a far away country' - 'You only have to look at the map to see that nothing we could do could possibly save Czechoslovakia'

    2. it was a quarrel 'between peoples of whom we know nothing'

    3. 'War is a fearful thing, and we must be very clear before we embark on it that it is really the great issues which are at stake'.

    4. 'I am myself a man of peace to the depths of my soul'.



  1. There are 19 reasons why Chamberlain appeased Hitler; can you remember 10 of them?  

    1. Approval

    2. Britain was weak

    3. Communism

    4. Democracy

    5. Empire

    6. France

    7. German propaganda

    8. Home

    9. Ist World War

    10. Justice

    11. Kost

    12. League of Nations

    13. Morality

    14. Neville Chamberlain

    15. Out of sight, out of mind

    16. Peace Movement

    17. Quit

    18. Remote

    19. Spanish Civil War

  2. What did Chamberlain call the Munich agreement?  

    1. 'Peace for our time.'

  3. What did Churchill call it?  

    1. 'A total defeat'.

  4. When did Hitler march into the Sudetenland?  

    1. 1 October 1938

  5. When did Hitler invade the rest of Czechoslovakia?  

    1. 15 March 1939

  6. What was Kristallnacht, and why did it turn British people away from appeasement?  

    1. Nazi attacks on the Jews (8 November 1938) - it showed that Hitler was a monster.

  7. What was the ‘National register’, which was set up in December 1938?  

    1. A register of who would do what if there was a war

  8. What were Londoners given in January to prepare them for war?  

    1. Anderson air-raid shelters

  9. What did the Civil Defence Act of April 1939 say?  

    1. It made plans to evacuate women and children to the countryside.

  10. What was the act which introduced conscription in England, and what date was it passed?  

    1. The Military Training Act (1 May 1939)

  11. What was the name of the alliance between Mussolini and Hitler?  

    1. Pact of Steel (22 May 1939)

  12. What was the date of the Nazi-Soviet Pact?  

    1. 23 August 1939

  13. Give four reasons why Britain did not manage to make an alliance with Russia?  

    1. Suspicion

    2. Choice

    3. Appeasement

    4. Britain delayed

  14. Give four reasons why Germany did manage to make an alliance with Russia?

    1. Time to prepare for war

    2. Hope to gain

    3. Unhappy with Britain

    4. Germany

© John D Clare 2005


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