Rise to power



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IB History Topic 3: The rise and rule of single-party states

RISE TO POWER

Compare and contrast the rise to power of two rulers of single-party states, each chosen from a different region. May 2008
To what extent was ideology an important factor in the rise to power of one of the following: Lenin, Mussolini; Nyerere? Nov. 2007

Analyse the methods used and the conditions which helped in the rise to power of one ruler of a single party state. May 2007

To what extent was the rise to power of either Hitler or Mao due to personal appeal and ability? May 2006

It was personality and not circumstances that brought rulers of single-party states to power.” To what extent do you agree with this statement? Nov. 2006



Analyse the methods used and the conditions which helped in the rise to power of one ruler of a single party state. May 2005

With reference to two examples each chosen from a different region, to what extent do you agree with the claim that “ideology was the most important factor in the rise to power of single-party leaders”? Nov. 2005

Analyse the methods used by one single-party state ruler in his successful bid for power. May 2004

Fascism’s rise to power in Italy and Germany in the inter-war years largely resulted from the consequences of the First World War.” To what extent do you agree with this verdict? Nov. 2004


To what extent was the rise to power of one left wing and one right wing single party ruler, the result of previous political problems? Nov. 2004

Account for the rise to power of one of the following: Castro; Mussolini; Nasser. May 2003

Compare and contrast the rise to power of two rulers of single party states. Nov. 2003

Assess the main difficulties faced by two would-be rulers of single-party states in their bid for power. Nov. 2002
MAINTAINING POWER
A vigorous foreign policy played a vital part in the maintenance of power of single-party regimes.”

With reference to two examples, explain to what extent you agree with this statement. Nov. 2007

Assess the methods used by EITHER Lenin OR Peron to maintain his regime. May 2007

Compare and contrast the influence in their own countries of Hitler and Mao. May 2007

Analyse the methods used to maintain power in two single-party states, each chosen from a different region. Nov. 2006

Assess the methods used by EITHER Lenin OR Peron to maintain his regime. May 2005

Compare and contrast the influence in their own countries of Hitler and Mao. May 2005
Assess the role of economic and social policies as factors explaining the consolidation and maintenance of power of two of the following: Castro, Mussolini, Peron, Nasser. Nov. 2004

Assess the role of terror and force in maintaining the ruler in power in two totalitarian states each chosen from a different region. Nov. 2004

"In order to achieve and retain power a leader of a single-party state needed to be ruthless, blind to human suffering and yet charismatic." To what extent do you agree with this assertion? May 2003

Assess the methods used by EITHER Peron OR Lenin to maintain his position as ruler of a single-party state. Nov. 2003
SUCCESSES/FAILURES

Analyze the successes and failures of the political career of either Lenin or Nyerere. May 2008

To what extent was either Mussolini, between 1922 and 1945, or Nasser, between 1954 and 1970, successful in achieving his aims? May 2008

Evaluate the successes and failures one ruler of a single-party state. May 2007
By what methods, and with what success, did single-party rulers in power establish totalitarian

regimes? Reference should be made to two examples, each chosen from a different region. Nov. 2007

Evaluate the successes and failures one ruler of a single-party state. May 2005

How successful was either Lenin (1917-1924) or Mussolini (1922-1943) in solving the problems he faced? Nov. 2005

Examine critically the successes and failures of EITHER Castro OR Mussolini, as a leader of a single-party state. Nov. 2003

Explain the successes and failures of either Mao in China or Perón in Argentina. Nov. 2002
FOREIGN/DOMESTIC POLICIES

Assess the importance of foreign policy for rulers of single-party states. May 2008

Compare and contrast the domestic policies of two rulers of single party states, each chosen from a different region. May 2006

Examine the economic and social policies of two of the following: Lenin; Mussolini; Peron. Nov. 2006

Examine the status of women in two single-party states, each chosen from a different region. May 2005

Compare and contrast the foreign policies of two rulers of single-party states, each chosen from a different region. May 2004

Evaluate the importance of ideology in the policies of two of the following rulers of single-party states: Castro; Hitler; Lenin; Nyerere. May 2004

Compare and contrast the economic and social policies of Mao and Stalin. May 2003

In what ways, and for what reasons, did the aims and policies of two or more right wing rulers of single-party states differ? May 2003

Analyse the foreign policy of two rulers of single-party states, each chosen from a different region. Nov. 2002

Evaluate the impact of the policies of two rulers of single-party states on the role and status of women. Nov. 2002

EDUCATION/ARTS/PROPAGANDA



In what ways did one ruler of a single-party state try to use education to support his regime? May 2008

In what ways, and with what results, was propaganda used by one ruler of a single party state? May 2006

In what ways, and for what reasons, were culture and education controlled by rulers of single-arty states? Nov. 2006

Identify the aims of educational and youth policies in two single-party states, and evaluate the extent to which they were achieved. Nov. 2005

For what reasons, and with what success, have single party states attempted to control either education or the arts? Nov. 2004

Examine the role of education and/or the arts in two single party states, each chosen from a different region. May 2003
How and why was propaganda used in two single party states, each chosen from a different region? Nov. 2003

MISCELLANEOUS
Compare and contrast the economic and social policies of one left wing and one right wing

single-party ruler. Nov. 2007
Analyse the conditions which led to the establishment of either Perón’s regime in Argentina or

Nasser’s regime in Egypt. Nov. 2007
Compare and contrast the global impact of two of the following: Castro; Hitler; Nasser. May 2007

Assess the importance of ideology for rulers of twentieth century single-party states. May 2006

Compare and contrast the global impact of two of the following: Castro; Hitler; Nasser. May 2005

Account for the ineffectiveness of internal opposition to two rulers of single-party states. Nov. 2005

Examine the global impact of one ruler of a single-party state. May 2004

For what reasons, and with what results, were there so many single-party states in the 20th Century? Nov. 2003

QUESTIONS NOT COVERED

Assess the methods used by either Nasser or Peron to remain in power. May 2006

Assess the successes and failures of the domestic policies of one of the following: Nasser; Nyerere; Perón. Nov. 2005

In what ways, and to what extent, did either Nasser or Perón improve social and economic conditions? May 2004

To what extent was the USSR an orthodox Communist state under either Lenin or Stalin? Nov. 2002

IB History Topic 5: The Cold War

ORIGINS OF THE COLD WAR

For what reasons, and with what results, did the Truman Doctrine and the Marshall Plan affect Cold War development? May 2008

Explain the meaning of two of the following and show how each affected the development of the Cold War: containment; brinkmanship; non-alignment; détente. May 2008

Analyze the origin of East-West rivalry and explain why it developed into the Cold War. May 2008

The breakdown of East-West relations was due to the failure of both sides to appreciate the fears of



the other.” With reference to the period 1945–53, to what extent do you agree? Nov. 2007

Assess the part played by differing ideologies in the origin of the Cold War. May 2007

Analyse the responsibility of the USA and the USSR for the outbreak and development of the Cold War, up to 1949. Nov. 2006

Compare and contrast the economic policies and military alliances of the USSR and USA after 1947. Nov. 2006

An unnatural alliance that was bound to fall apart after the defeat of the common enemy.” To what extent does this statement explain the origin of the Cold War? May 2006



Examine the part played by economic issues in the development of the Cold War. May 2006

Identify and explain the significance of two of the following in the development of the Cold War: COMECON; Marshall Plan; NATO; Warsaw Pact. Nov. 2005

Assess the part played by differing ideologies in the origin of the Cold War. May 2005

To what extent were Soviet policies responsible for the outbreak and development of the Cold War between 1945 and 1949? Nov. 2005

Assess the impact of the Truman Doctrine and Marshall Plan on the development of the Cold War between 1947 and 1961. May 2004

To what extent did events in the final year of the Second World War turn wartime allies into Cold War enemies? May 2004

In what ways, and for what reasons, did the relationship between the wartime Allies deteriorate between 1945 and 1949? Nov. 2004

How, and to what extent, did the conferences at Yalta and Potsdam (1945) contribute to the origin of the Cold War? May 2003

In what ways, and to what extent, did mutual distrust and suspicion cause the Cold War? Nov. 2003

GERMANY

In what ways, and with what results, was Germany the key focus of the early stages of the Cold War? May 2007

Compare and contrast the roles of China and Germany in the Cold War. May 2006

In what ways, and with what results, was Germany the key focus of the early stages of the Cold War? May 2005

For what reasons, and with what results, was Germany a centre of Cold War tension between 1945-61? Nov. 2003

CUBA

Analyse the part played by Cuba in the development of the Cold War. May 2007

In what ways, and with what results, did the U.S.’s Cold War policy of containment affect Cuba after 1959? May 2006

Analyse the part played by Cuba in the development of the Cold War. May 2005

Compare and contrast the part played by Korea and Cuba in the Cold War. Nov. 2003

KOREAN AND VIETNAM WAR

Compare and contrast the roles of Korea and Vietnam in the Cold War. May 2008

For what reasons, and with what results for East-West relations, did the superpowers become involved in the affairs of one of the following: Korea; Vietnam; the Middle East? Nov. 2007

In what ways, and for what reasons, did the Vietnam War affect superpower relations? Nov. 2006

Compare and contrast the policies of the USA and the USSR towards Korea between 1945 and 1955. May 2004

DÉTENTE

Evaluate the role of one superpower in the Cold War after 1970. May 2007

Analyse the importance of détente in ending the Cold War. May 2006

Evaluate the role of one superpower in the Cold War after 1970. May 2005

In what ways, and to what extent, did relations between East and West change in the period 1960-1970? Nov. 2004

In what ways, and to what extent, did the Cold War become less confrontational after 1970? May 2004

Assess the importance of détente and internal opposition to Communist rule in Communist countries, in ending the Cold War. May 2003

END OF THE COLD WAR

When and why did the Cold War end? May 2008

To what extent was the collapse of communist regimes the result of domestic problems rather than

external pressures? Nov. 2007

To what extent did economic problems in the Communist bloc bring about the end of the Cold War? May 2007

Assess the importance of economic issues in ending the Cold War. Nov. 2006

Analyse the factors which led to the ending of the Cold War. Nov. 2005

Compare and contrast the social and economic effects of the Cold War on two countries each chosen from a different region. Nov. 2005

To what extent did economic problems in the Communist bloc bring about the end of the Cold War? May 2005

Why was Soviet control over East European satellite states successful in the period 1945-1968, and why did it collapse between 1988 and 1991? Nov. 2004

Assess the importance of social and economic issues in causing opposition to communist regimes. May 2004

Assess the impact of the Cold War on the economic developments of two states each chosen from a different region. Nov. 2004

The Cold War played little part in changing social and economic conditions for either side between 1945-65”. To what extent do you agree? Nov. 2003



MISCELLANEOUS

How effective was the United States policy of containment up to 1962? Nov. 2007
Compare and contrast the role of education and the arts in one communist and one

non-communist state. Nov. 2007
In what ways, and for what reasons, was the Middle East important in the Cold War? Nov. 2005

Why, and with what success, did the USA adopt a policy of containment in the period 1947-1962? Nov. 2004

"Although it began in Europe the spread of the Cold War to other regions was a much more dangerous development." To what extent do you agree with this judgment? May 2003

How and why did the policies of either the USA or the USSR affect superpower rivalry between 1950 and 1970? May 2003

Analyse the nature of the Cold War and explain why, in spite of serious crises, it did not turn into a Third World War. Nov. 2003

QUESTIONS NOT COVERED



To what extent was the movement for non-alignment a development of the Cold War? Nov. 2006

In what ways were gender and social issues affected by the Cold War. May 2003

IB History HL/ Paper 3- The Americas
GREAT DEPRESSION
1.)            To what extent was the Wall Street Crash a cause of the Great Depression of 1929? Support your argument with specific examples from one country of the region. May 2007

2.)            Analyse the causes of the Great Depression in one country in the Americas. May 2006

3.)            Explain how one country of the region changed its policy on the role the government should play in the economy as a result of the Great Depression. Nov. 2006

4.)            With reference to one country of the region, analyse the causes of the Great Depression and assess the political impact of the Great Depression on that country. May 2005

5.)            “The Great Depression changed governments’ views of their role and responsibility.” Assess the validity of this statement with examples taken from two countries of the region. Nov. 2005

6.)            How, and with what success, did the government of any one country in the Americas try to solve the problems caused by the Great Depression? May 2004

7.)            Analyse the political and economic changes caused by the Depression to one country of the region. Nov. 2004

8.)            How successful were government programmes in solving problems caused by the Great Depression, in two countries of the region? May 2003

9.)            Assess the impact of the Great Depression on the society of any one country of the region. Provide specific example to support your answer. May 2002
WWII

1.)   For what reasons, and with what results, were Japanese citizens of Canada and the United States interned during the Second World War? May 2007

2.)   Why did the U.S. become involved in the Second World War? May 2006

3.)   Assess the effectiveness of U.S. policy in relation to European Jews before and during the Second World War. Nov. 2006

4.)   With reference to one country of the region, evaluate the impact of the Second World War on the economy and on minority groups. May 2005

5.)   Analyse the impact of the Second World War on the society of one country in the Americas. Nov. 2005

6.)   Assess the effects of the Second World War on minorities in any two countries in the Americas in the 1940s.

7.)   Assess the impact of the Second World War on the economy of one country of the region. Nov. 2004

8.)   Assess the effects of the Second World War on women and minorities in two countries in the region. May 2003

COLD WAR

1.)   How did the Cold War change relations between the United States and either Latin America or Canada between 1953-1979? May 2007

2.)   Assess the successes and failures of the foreign policies of either Eisenhower (1953-61) or Kennedy (1961-63). May 2006

3.)   In what ways, and to what extent, did the foreign policy of Ronald reason (1981-89) affect the Cold War? May 2006

4.)   How did the Cold War change relations between the U.S. and either Latin America or Canada between 1945-53? Nov. 2006

5.)   In what ways, and with what results, did the Cold War influence relations between either Latin America or Canada with the United States in the period 1945-1957? May 2005

6.)   Compare and contrast the Cold War policies of two of the following U.S. president: Harry S. Truman (1945-53); Dwight D. Eisenhower (1953-61); Ronald Reagan (1981-89). May 2005

7.)   Assess the successes and failures of the foreign policies of either Harry S. Truman (1945-52) or Richard Nixon (1969-1974). May 2004

8.)   Analyse the short-term and longer-term consequences for Cuba between 1959 and 1995 of Castro’s rule? May 2004

9.)   How did the Cold War change relations between the United States and either Latin America or Canada between 1945-53? Nov. 2004

10.)                   Compare and contrast the Cold War policies of Truman and Eisenhower. May 2002
VIETNAM WAR

1.) Analyze the effects of the Vietnam War on the United States. May 2007

2.)Compare/contrast the Vietnam War policies of Lyndon Johnson and Richard Nixon. Nov. 2006

3.)“The Vietnam War had a disastrous effect on the presidencies of both Lyndon B. Johnson and Richard Nixon.” To what extent do you agree with this statement? May 2005

4.)Compare and contrast the foreign policy toward Vietnam of two United States presidents between 1945-1969. Nov. 2005

5.)For what reasons, and with what results, did the United States become involved in Vietnam? Nov. 2004



6.)“The outcome of the Vietnam War was determined not on the battlefield, but on the television screen.” How far do you agree with this judgement? May 2003

7.)“Vietnam and Watergate destroyed the reputations of various United States’ Presidents in the 1960s and 1970s.” To what extent do you agree with this judgment? May 2002


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