Rise of the Unions Unions: formed by workers to act as a group instead of individuals. Strikes
|Rise of the Unions
Unions: formed by workers to act as a group instead of individuals.
Strikes: organized by unions to protest for better working conditions.
Workers seek a National Voice
Knights of Labor: formed in 1869 hoped to create a single national union by joining all skilled and unskilled workers.
Terrence Powderly: Leader of the Knights of Labor.
American Federation of Labor: (AFL) founded in 1881, founded to unite workers of similar economic interests. Had separate unions of skilled workers like carpenters and cigar makers.
Samuel Gompers: founder of the AFL.
Closed Shops: Places where only union members could be hired.
Government’s Attitude toward Unions
Protector of the Economy
Sherman Anti-Trust Act: in 1890, the Supreme Court ruled that unions were illegal combinations in restraint of trade.
Haymarket Affair: in 1886, labor leaders were blamed when a bomb exploded during a demonstration of striking workers at Haymarket Square in Chicago
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