Righteously Guided



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The Rashidun ("Righteously Guided")

  • Abu Bakr- 632 - 634

  • Umar - 634 - 644

  • Uthman Ibn Affan - 644 - 656

  • Ali - 656 - 661

  • Hasan ibn Ali - 661


The Umayyads of Damascus

  • Muawiyah I - 661 - 680

  • Yazid I - 680 - 683

  • Muawiyah II - 683 - 684

  • Marwan I - 684 - 685

  • Abd al-Malik - 685 - 705

  • Al-Walid I - 705 - 715

  • Sulayman - 715 - 717

  • Umar II - 717 - 720

  • Yazid II - 720 - 724

  • Hisham - 724 - 743

  • Al-Walid II - 743 - 744

  • Yazid III - 744

  • Ibrahim - 744

  • Marwan II - 744 - 750



The Abbasids of Baghdad

  • Abu'l Abbas As-Saffah - 750 - 754

  • Al-Mansur - 754 - 775

  • Al-Mahdi - 775 - 785

  • Al-Hadi- 785 - 786

  • Harun al-Rashid - 786 - 809

  • Al-Amin - 809 - 813

  • Al-Ma'mun - 813 - 833

  • Al-Mu'tasim - 833 - 842

  • Al-Wathiq - 842 - 847

  • Al-Mutawakkil - 847 - 861

  • Al-Muntasir - 861 - 862

  • Al-Musta'in - 862 - 866

  • Al-Mu'tazz - 866 - 869

  • Al-Muhtadi - 869 - 870

  • Al-Mu'tamid - 870 - 892

  • Al-Mu'tadid - 892 - 902

  • Al-Muktafi - 902 - 908

  • Al-Muqtadir - 908 - 932

  • Al-Qahir - 932 - 934

  • Ar-Radi - 934 - 940

  • Al-Muttaqi - 940 - 944

  • Al-Mustakfi - 944 - 946

  • Al-Muti - 946 - 974

  • At-Ta'i - 974 - 991

  • Al-Qadir - 991 - 1031

  • Al-Qa'im - 1031 - 1075

  • Al-Muqtadi - 1075 - 1094

  • Al-Mustazhir - 1094 - 1118

  • Al-Mustarshid - 1118 - 1135

  • Ar-Rashid - 1135 - 1136

  • Al-Muqtafi - 1136 - 1160

  • Al-Mustanjid - 1160 - 1170

  • Al-Mustadi - 1170 - 1180

  • An-Nasir - 1180 - 1225

  • Az-Zahir - 1225 - 1226

  • Al-Mustansir - 1226 - 1242

  • Al-Musta'sim - 1242 - 1258 (last Abbasid Caliph at Baghdad)


Fatimids of Cairo

  • Abū Muḥammad ˤAbdu l-Lāh (ˤUbaydu l-Lāh) al-Mahdī bi'llāh (910-934) founder Fatimid dynasty

  • Abū l-Qāsim Muḥammad al-Qā'im bi-Amr Allāh (934-946)

  • Abū Ṭahir Ismā'il al-Manṣur bi-llāh (946-953)

  • Abū Tamīm Ma'add al-Mu'izz li-Dīn Allāh (953-975) Egypt is conquered during his reign

  • Abū Manṣur Nizār al-'Azīz bi-llāh (975-996)

  • Abū 'Alī al-Manṣur al-Ḥakim bi-Amr Allāh (996-1021)

  • Abū'l-Ḥasan 'Alī al-Ẓahir li-I'zāz Dīn Allāh (1021-1036)

  • Abū Tamīm Ma'add al-Mustanṣir bi-llāh (1036-1094)

  • al-Musta'lī bi-llāh (1094-1101) Quarrels over his succession led to the Nizari split.

  • al-Āmir bi-Aḥkām Allāh (1101-1130) The Fatimid rulers of Egypt after him are not recognized as Imams by Mustaali Taiyabi Ismailis.

  • 'Abd al-Majīd al-Ḥafiẓ (1130-1149)

  • al-Ẓafir (1149-1154)

  • al-Fā'iz (1154-1160)

  • al-'Āḍid (1160-1171)

[The Umayyads (Rahmanid branch) of Córdoba



  • Abd-ar-rahman III, as caliph, 929-961

  • Al-Hakam II, 961-976

  • Hisham II, 976-1008

  • Mohammed II, 1008-1009

  • Suleiman, 1009-1010

  • Hisham II, restored, 1010-1012

  • Suleiman, restored, 1012-1017

  • Abd-ar-Rahman IV, 1021-1022

  • Abd-ar-Rahman V, 1022-1023

  • Muhammad III, 1023-1024

  • Hisham III, 1027-1031



The Almohads of Spain and Morocco

  • Abd al-Mu'min 1145-1163

  • Abu Ya'qub Yusuf I 1163-1184

  • Abu Yusuf Ya'qub al-Mansur 1184-1199

  • Muhammad an-Nasir 1199-1213

  • Abu Ya'qub Yusuf II 1213-1224

  • Abd al-Wahid I 1224

  • Abdallah 1224-1227

  • Yahya 1227-1235

  • Idris I 1227-1232

  • Abdul-Wahid II 1232-1242

  • Ali 1242-1248

  • Umar 1248-1266

  • Idris II 1266-1269



The Abbasid branch of Cairo

Al-Mustansir II - 1261 - 1262



  • Al-Hakim I - 1262 - 1302

  • Al-Mustakfi I - 1302 - 1340

  • Al-Wathiq I - 1340 - 1341

  • Al-Hakim II - 1341 - 1352

  • Al-Mu'tadid I - 1352 - 1362

  • Al-Mutawakkil I - 1362 - 1383

  • Al-Wathiq II - 1383 - 1386

  • Al-Mu'tasim - 1386 - 1389

  • Al-Mutawakkil I (restored) - 1389 - 1406

  • Al-Musta'in - 1406 - 1414

  • Al-Mu'tadid II - 1414 - 1441

  • Al-Mustakfi II - 1441 - 1451

  • Al-Qa'im - 1451 - 1455

  • Al-Mustanjid - 1455 - 1479

  • Al-Mutawakkil II - 1479 - 1497

  • Al-Mustamsik - 1497 - 1508

  • Al-Mutawakkil III - 1508 - 1517 (surrendered the title to Selim I, right)


The Ottoman Padishahs

Originally the secular, conquering dynasty was just entitled Sultan, soon it started accumulating titles assumed from subjected peoples



  • Mehmed (Muhammed) II (the Conqueror of Constantinople, afterwards Istanbul) - 1451 - 1481 (actively used numerous titles such as of Caliph and Caesar)

  • Beyazid II - 1481 - 1512

  • Selim I - 1512 - 1520 (induced al-Mutawakkil III to formally surrender the Caliphate after defeating the Mamluk Sultanate in 1517; actively used the title)

  • Suleiman the Magnificent - 1520 - 1566

  • Selim II - 1566 - 1574

  • Murad III - 1574 - 1595

  • Mehmed(Muhammed) III - 1595 - 1603

  • Ahmed I - 1603 - 1617

  • Mustafa I (First Reign) - 1617 - 1618

  • Osman II - 1618 - 1622

  • Mustafa I (Second Reign) - 1622 - 1623

  • Murad IV - 1623 - 1640

  • Ibrahim I - 1640 - 1648

  • Mehmed (Muhammed) IV - 1648 - 1687

  • Suleiman II - 1687 - 1691

  • Ahmed II - 1691 - 1695

  • Mustafa II - 1695 - 1703

  • Ahmed III - 1703 - 1730

  • Mahmud I - 1730 - 1754

  • Osman III - 1754 - 1757

  • Mustafa III - 1757 - 1774

  • Abd-ul-Hamid I - 1774 - 1789

  • Selim III - 1789 - 1807

  • Mustafa IV - 1807 - 1808

  • Mahmud II - 1808 - 1839

  • Abd-ul-Mejid I - 1839 - 1861

  • Abd-ul-Aziz - 1861 - 1876

  • Murad V - 1876

  • Abd-ul-Hamid II - 1876 - 1909 (actively used title of Caliph)

  • Note: From 1908 onwards the Ottoman Sultan was considered the equivalent of a constitutional monarch without executive powers, with parliament consisting of chosen representatives.

  • Mehmed (Muhammed) V - 1909 - 1918

  • Mehmed (Muhammed)VI - 1918 - 1922


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