Revolutions: What is a revolution?



Download 149.92 Kb.
Page3/6
Date31.05.2016
Size149.92 Kb.
1   2   3   4   5   6


Role of External Forces in collapse of Old Order




French Revolution








The American War of Independence
Serious Debt from large scale borrowing



Role of internal forces in collapse of Old Order



French Revolution








Crop failures and the resultant rising cost of bread.
The image and reputation of Marie Antoinette.
Linked closely to Groups, Leaders and their skills.
The four phases of the revolution. Details in the next section. Covers all the elements of who did what and when.


The Outbreak of Revolution and the seizure of power



French Revolution








Four distinct phases1788-1789

See Adcock Chapter 6

The Revolt of the Nobles 1788 (Assembly of Notables, Calling of the Estates-General)

Revolt of the Bourgeoisie- July 1789 (Tennis Court Oath)

The Revolt of the Parisian Crowd (Storming of the Bastille)

The Revolt of the Peasants (The Great Fear July 20-Aug 6, 1789)

See Appendix Two B for a very extensive analysis of the four stages.

Some of this you have received previously.


Past Exam questions. Remember there is an overlap with Area 1 to an extent.


2007. ‘Social discontent contributed greatly to the collapse of the old order’. Do you agree with this statement? Argue your case.

2008. ‘The old order collapsed because it failed to solve economic problems.’ Do you agree with this statement? Argue your case.



Area of Inquiry Three: The consolidation of power by the revolutionaries

For the French Revolution it is vital that you understand the sequence of events that lead up to the end of the Monarchy and the establishment of the Republic Sept 21, 1792. This date ends Area of Inquiry 3. There is a PowerPoint ‘End of the Monarchy’ that has all of this in it. Here the King actions, the Clubs and the sans-culottes play an important role.


In this comparison section focus on the changes in the economy, the political structure and the structure of society the new revolutionary governments tried to bring in. Area of Inquiry Four is left to deal with such topics as War and the Terror in France and the effect of WW1 on the Provisional Government and the rise of Lenin.
For France the key question is why France abandoned the Monarchy and established a republic.
Remember in this study in France it is the National Assembly/Constituent Assembly/Legislative Assembly /National Convention. It is essential that you are familiar with the various names the French Revolutionary governments adopted.
This chart is much briefer than the others as various PowerPoints have much greater detail. Textbook references are listed and are essential reading!
Prior to the sitting of the Constituent Assembly some key revolutionary developments took place in France that set the tone for future developments. This is the role of the Parisian Crowd and the increasing radicalisation of the Revolution. The Bourgeoisie, with good cause felt that control was slipping out of their hands. These events are included separately as follows:


French Revolution: Key Events prior to calling of Constituent Assembly

Key events prior to the sitting of the Constituent Assembly

The August Decrees 1789. Made in haste by National Assembly to calm the peasant revolt.

  • Feudalism, privilege abolished, fair taxation established

The Declaration of the Rights of Man.

  • Drawn up by Lafayette

  • Principles under which new constitution would be formed. Emphasised freedom and human rights.

  • Views a clear break from ancien régime reflected thinking of Rousseau and the enlightenment.

  • Bourgeois document as it emphasised sanctity of property.

The October Days and the Women’s March to Versailles 1789.

The women’s march to Versailles was one of the most crucial strategic moments in French Revolution



  • Loyal King’s Guard, Flanders Regiment returned to Versailles and made a mockery of the Revolutionary Cockade.

  • Paris crowd believed Aristocratic takeover imminent.

  • Coincided with bread shortage.

The women’s march to Versailles was one of the most crucial strategic moments in French Revolution.

  • Loyal King’s Guard, Flanders Regiment returned to Versailles and made a mockery of the Revolutionary Cockade.

  • Paris crowd believed Aristocratic takeover imminent.

  • Coincided with bread shortage.

The women’s march to Versailles was one of the most crucial strategic moments in French Revolution.

  • Loyal King’s Guard, Flanders Regiment returned to Versailles and made a mockery of the Revolutionary Cockade.

  • Paris crowd believed Aristocratic takeover imminent.

  • Coincided with bread shortage.

  • October 5th 6000-7000 women assemble with 20 000 National Guard and decide to march on Versailles and bring King back to Paris.

  • National Assembly invaded, deputation sent to Louis.

  • Mob descended on Place and King and Queen narrowly escape. Place ransacked.

  • National Guard restore order.

  • Both Louis and National Assembly brought back to Paris

  • Louis approves Rights of Man and August Decrees.

Both Louis and Assembly now back in Paris and in the heartland of the revolutionary and powerful Parisian Crowd. Assembly Moderate members of Assembly now distrusted crowd as much as they did Louis.



Share with your friends:
1   2   3   4   5   6




The database is protected by copyright ©essaydocs.org 2020
send message

    Main page