Crop failures and the resultant rising cost of bread.
The image and reputation of Marie Antoinette.
Linked closely to Groups, Leaders and their skills. The four phases of the revolution. Details in the next section. Covers all the elements of who did what and when.
The Outbreak of Revolution and the seizure of power
Four distinct phases1788-1789
See Adcock Chapter 6
The Revolt of the Nobles 1788 (Assembly of Notables, Calling of the Estates-General)
Revolt of the Bourgeoisie- July 1789 (Tennis Court Oath)
The Revolt of the Parisian Crowd (Storming of the Bastille)
The Revolt of the Peasants (The Great Fear July 20-Aug 6, 1789)
See Appendix Two B for a very extensive analysis of the four stages.
Some of this you have received previously.
Past Exam questions. Remember there is an overlap with Area 1 to an extent.
2007. ‘Social discontent contributed greatly to the collapse of the old order’. Do you agree with this statement? Argue your case.
2008. ‘The old order collapsed because it failed to solve economic problems.’ Do you agree with this statement? Argue your case.
Area of Inquiry Three: The consolidation of power by the revolutionaries
For the French Revolution it is vital that you understand the sequence of events that lead up to the end of the Monarchy and the establishment of the Republic Sept 21, 1792. This date ends Area of Inquiry 3. There is a PowerPoint ‘End of the Monarchy’ that has all of this in it. Here the King actions, the Clubs and the sans-culottes play an important role.
In this comparison section focus on the changes in the economy, the political structure and the structure of society the new revolutionary governments tried to bring in. Area of Inquiry Four is left to deal with such topics as War and the Terror in France and the effect of WW1 on the Provisional Government and the rise of Lenin.
For France the key question is why France abandoned the Monarchy and established a republic.
Remember in this study in France it is the National Assembly/Constituent Assembly/Legislative Assembly /National Convention. It is essential that you are familiar with the various names the French Revolutionary governments adopted.
This chart is much briefer than the others as various PowerPoints have much greater detail. Textbook references are listed and are essential reading!
Prior to the sitting of the Constituent Assembly some key revolutionary developments took place in France that set the tone for future developments. This is the role of the Parisian Crowd and the increasing radicalisation of the Revolution. The Bourgeoisie, with good cause felt that control was slipping out of their hands. These events are included separately as follows:
French Revolution: Key Events prior to calling of Constituent Assembly
Key events prior to the sitting of the Constituent Assembly
The August Decrees 1789. Made in haste by National Assembly to calm the peasant revolt.
Feudalism, privilege abolished, fair taxation established