Review Sheet for Early Civilization Test

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Review Sheet for Early Civilization Test

(Mesopotamia, Egypt, Indus River Valley and China)


Delta Narmer Pharaoh

Theocracy Pyramid Mummification

Hieroglyphics Papyrus Fertile Crescent

Mesopotamia City-state Dynasty

Cultural diffusion Polytheism Empire

Hammurabi Civilization

Specialization Artisan Complex Institution

Scribe Cuneiform Bronze Age

Barter Ziggurat Rosetta Stone

Hinduism Caste System Epic of Gilgamesh

Cataract Monsoon Sub Continent

Mandate of Heaven Feudalism

Oracle Bones Shang Dynastic Cycle Harappan Civilization


Mesopotamia Fertile Crescent Tigress and Euphrates

North China Plain Nile Iraq

Egypt Indus River Valley Pakistan

Hindu Kush Himalayas Yellow River

Mediterranean Sea

Themes to understand:

5 themes of civilization

Social structure (Egypt, Mesopotamia, Indus, China)

How did Hammurabi’s Code unite people? How did the code work for lower class?

Egyptian religion

Pharaoh’s responsibilities

Egyptian afterlife

Scientific achievements and technology (Egypt, Mesopotamia, Indus, China)

Environmental challenges and solutions (Egypt, Mesopotamia, Indus, China)

Mandate of Heaven

End of Indus Civilization

Planned cities of Indus


Chinese Culture

Chinese written language brings unity

Essay Questions

  1. How was the Egyptian civilization a gift of the Nile?

  2. How did these early civilizations make use of their environment and overcome environmental challenges? Be sure to include at least 3 of the 4 major civilizations.

  3. Explain the Dynastic Cycle. Was the Chinese Mandate of Heaven a positive or negative effect in the Chinese culture?

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