Review of Will Kymlicka’s Multicultural Citizenship



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Securing Diversity:
A Review of Will Kymlicka’s Multicultural Citizenship

Von der Philosophischen Fakultät

der Technischen Universität Chemnitz

genehmigte


Dissertation
zur Erlangung des akademischen Grades

doctor philosophiae

(Dr. phil.)


vorgelegt von Frau Allana Haist, M. A. (Applied Ethics)

geboren am 23. 04. 1978

in Hamilton, Ontario, Kanada


Kairo, den 9. Dezember 2013

Vorsitz der Prüfungskommission: Prof. Dr. Klaus Stolz
Gutachter: Prof. Dr. Alfons Söllner

Prof. Dr. Ulrike Brummert


Prüfer: Prof. Dr. Alfons Söllner

Prof. Dr. Beate Neuß


Tag der Einreichung: 19. 9. 2011
Tag der Verteidigung: 14. 12. 2011


Bibliographische Beschreibung: Haist, Allana: “Securing Diversity: A Review of Will Kymlicka’s Multicultural Citizenship”, Dissertation, Technische Universität Chemnitz, 2011. 316 Seiten, 1 Abbildung, 0 Tabellen.

URL:


Table of Contents


Introduction 6


Liberalism and Multiculturalism in the Balance 15

Chapter 1


The Value of Culture 16

The Death of “Grand Narratives” 17

The Priority of the Good 18

The Falling to Pieces of Liberalism 21

Flaws in the Communitarian Critique 30

Chapter 2


In Defense of Liberalism 37

Sociological Case for (and against) Cultural Liberalism 38

Theoretical Cases For (and Against) Cultural Liberalism 41

Chapter 3


Kymlicka: Between Choice and Culture 51

Culture as a Precondition of Choice 51

Internal vs. External Restrictions 53

Soft” Communitarianism 55



The Disadvantages of Minority Cultures 56

What does Equality mean? 58



Cultural Compensation 58

The Key Difference between Choice and Circumstance 59

What this Amounts to: Cultural Rights as Defined by Kymlicka 61

In Sum 65


Societal Cultures and the Boundaries of Nationalism 68

Chapter 4


What do Societal Cultures mean? 69

Kymlicka: Societal Cultures should be Endorsed 70

The Risk of Monoculturalism 71

Institutionalized Culture as Liberation 82

The Difficulties posed by Societal Cultures 115

Chapter 5


Understanding or Misunderstanding Nationalism? 122

Theories of Nationalism 124

The Janus-faced Nature of Nation 136

An Attempt to Liberalize the Nation 147

Who is a Member of Nation? 150

Kymlicka’s Definition of Liberal Nationalism 152

Heritage, Cultural Community, and Preferentialism 156

The Sanguinity of Liberal Nationalism 159

Misunderstanding Civic Nationalism 166

Inter-National Politics 169

Chapter 6


Challenges Posed by Kymlicka’s Theory 172

Circular Logic 173

Paradoxes 174

Monoculturalism 178

Putting Theory into Practice 184

Illiberal Leanings 185

Rethinking Nationalism 195


Multicultural Citizenship Beyond Borders 203

Chapter 7


The Unbundling of Difference and Domination 204

The Democratization of Boundaries and Citizenship 207

The Political Economy of Culture 224

Power-Sharing as a Vehicle for Peace 234

Chapter 8


Multicultural Citizenship Redefined 252

Kymlicka’s Key Contributions 252

Areas of Consideration for Kymlicka 258

The Path Forward for Multiculturalism and Group Rights 264

WORKS CITED 268



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Abstract


Will Kymlicka’s seminal work on Multicultural Citizenship has done much to advance the case for minority rights worldwide. Agreeing with communitarians that culture is important, yet unwilling to relinquish liberal equality and fairness, Kymlicka builds on John Rawls’s monumental Theory of Justice to show group rights are not only accord with liberalism, but are its true fulfilment. Yet, while Kymlicka’s theory has received accolades for elegantly tying liberalism and culturalism together theoretically, it has been met with equal scepticism over the tenability of its praxis. In this book, I argue that much of the criticism wielded against Kymlicka’s theory results from his crucial reliance on the definition of societal cultures and the contradictions embedded therein. This is further compounded by the tendency of Kymlicka to neglect his commitment to dynamic culture and liberalism in favour of a monolithic treatment of culture, leading us down the path to illiberal conclusions. I suggest that for Kymlicka’s theory of “Multicultural Citizenship” to embrace a truly vibrant multiculturalism, the theory must overcome its internal contradictions and reaffirm its commitment to a multi-layered and recursive approach to group rights. I shall review the strengths and weaknesses of Kymlicka’s theory set against contemporary debates on the topics of nationalism and minority rights and will suggest how the theory can reduce its inner tensions to embolden its critical support for multiculturalism in Canada and worldwide.

Keywords: Multiculturalism, Group Rights, Kymlicka, Nationalism, Rawls


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