Review: Medieval Europe and Early Japan

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Review: Medieval Europe and Early Japan

  1. The Dark Ages occurred after the fall of what empire? Rome

  1. What were five ways things changed at the start of the Early Middle Ages?

  1. List two ways that show the Church was a powerful force in Europe during the Middle Ages.

  • Pope had both spiritual and political power

  • Church was at the center of each manor

  • People became devoted to God because their lives are difficult

  1. Who was Charlemagne and what was he known for?

  • Leader of the Franks- expanded territory

  • Became Roman emperor in 800

  • Symbolized coming together of Roman, Christian and German ideas.

  1. What is feudalism?

  1. Feudalism is characterized as a: (circle one)

  1. Fill in the European feudal hierarchy:

  1. The feudal system emerged as a means to create:

  • social/political stability/order

  • provide protection

  1. What is Manorialism?

  • The Medieval Economic system in which people lived in self-sufficient communities run by feudal lords

  1. Under Manorialism, wealth was based on land.

  1. Manors were self-sufficient (true/false)

  1. Who made up the majority of the population in Medieval Europe? serfs

  1. The Crusades were a series of holy wars between Christians & Muslims for control of the holy land (Jerusalem).

  1. What were the results of the crusades?

(If Turks Traveled, They would Trade)

  1. What was the black death?

The bubonic plague that killed 1/3 of the population. It started in China and spread through the Middle East to Europe.

  1. Where did it start and spread to?

It started in China and spread to the Middle East and Europe

  1. What caused it to spread?

Fleas (traveling on rats) spread the disease. An increase in trade led to an increase in the spread of the disease.

  1. What is a chain of islands called?


  1. Most of Japan is covered in which geographic feature? How did they adapt?

Mountains- They used terrace farming

  1. Japan’s population and culture

  • Have a true respect for nature (true/false)

  • Shintoism: belief that spirits exist in nature

  • Selective borrowing: taking on only certain aspects of a culture (Japan mostly borrowed from China and Korea)

  1. Draw Japan’s feudal hierarchy.

  1. Who held the most real power in Japanese feudalism? Shogun

  1. How are European chivalry and Japanese Bushido similar? Both are codes of conduct the warriors in the society must follow

  1. Tokugawa is the name of the warrior family that ruled Japan from 1303-1863.

  1. The Tokugawa Shogunate led to an increase in:

  1. The Tokugawa shoguns enforced a policy of isolationism. By 1639 they had banned almost all contact with the outside world.

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