Review for this all-important test. Directions: You need to answer completely each of the following questions, on separate paper

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UNITED STATES HISTORY EOC REVIEW PACKET-Use this to help review for this all-important test.

Directions: You need to answer completely each of the following questions, on separate paper.

Early Nationalism

COMPETENCY GOAL 1: The New Nation (1789·1820) • The learner will identify, investigate, and assess the effectiveness of the
institutions of the emerging republic.


1.01 Identify the major domestic issues and conflicts experienced by the nation during the Federalist Period.

1.02 Analyze the political freedoms available to the following groups prior to 1820: women, wage earners, landless farmers, American

Indians, African Americans, and other ethnic groups.

1.03 Assess commercial and diplomatic relationships with Britain, France, and other nations.

Who was the first president of the United States?

Who was the first Chief Justice?

Which Chief Justice expanded the power of the Supreme Court?

How did the following Supreme Court cases help in the development of the court?

  1. Marbury v. Madison

  2. McCulloch v. Maryland

  3. Mapp v. Ohio

  4. Plessy v. Ferguson

  5. Brown v. Board of Education

  6. Wallace v. Jaffree

  7. What was adopted by Congress to create the federal court system in 1789?

  8. What is a Cabinet?

  9. What Cabinet positions did Washington create?

  10. Who were the first Secretaries?

  11. Identify Alexander Hamilton's financial plan.

  12. What is the difference between a strict and a loose constructionalist view of the Constitution?

  13. Why was there a Whiskey Rebellion and how was it handled?

10. How did Washington react to the French Revolutionary conflict in Europe?

a. Why did the French expect assistance from the US?

11. What was accomplished by each of the following treaties?

  1. Treaty of Greenville

  2. Jay's Treaty

  3. Pinck' ~y's Treaty

12. How many tefT ; in office did Washington serve?

a. What advice did he give the nation in his farewell address?

  1. What two political parties developed during Washington's administration?

  2. Which people would have been members of the Federalist Party?

a. Which people would have been members of the Democratic Republican Party?

  1. What was the XYZ Affair and why did it almost cause war between the United States and France?

  2. How were the Alien and Sedition Acts an attempt to silence Republican opposition?

  3. Who wrote the Kentucky and Virginia Resolves?

  4. What theory did the Kentucky and Virginia Resolves introduce into American politics?

  5. Why was the election of 1800 a "revolution"?

  6. Why did the judiciary Act of 1801 upset Thomas Jefferson?

  7. How did John Marshall, as Chief Justice of the Supreme Court, avoid a confrontation with the executive branch over the Judiciary Act of 1801?

  8. Why was it necessary for Jefferson to purchase the Louisiana Territory?

  9. Why was the Louisiana Purchase a difficult decision for Jefferson?

  10. How did the following help lead to the War of 1812?

  11. Impressments

  12. Freedom of the seas

  13. Chesapeake Incident

  14. War Hawks

  15. Indians in the Old Northwest

  16. Who was president during the War of 1812?

  17. Who fought in the War of 1812?

a. Who won?

  1. How did the results of the War of 1812 impact the United States, and Indians in the Mississippi Valley?

  2. What was the role of the following in the War of 1812?

  3. Hartford Convention

  4. Battle of New Orleans

  5. Andrew Jackson

  6. Francis Scott Key

  7. Treaty of Ghent

  8. Napoleon Bonaparte


Era of Good Feelings and .Jacksonian Democracy



Gideon v. Wainright
Miranda v. Arizona
Roe v. Wade
Gibbons v. Ogden
Dred Scott v. Sanford

COMPETENCY GOAL 2: Expansion and Reform (1801·1850) • The learner will assess the competing forces of expansionism,
nationalism, and sectionalism.


2.01 Analyze the effects of territorial expansion and the admission of new states to the Union.
US History Review Booklet for EOC preparation

2.02 Describe how the growth of nationalism and sectionalism were reflected in art, literature, and language.

2.03 Distinguish between the economic and social issues that led to sectionalism and nationalism.

  1. What does the term nationalism mean?

  2. What was the Era of Good Feelings?

  3. How did Henry Clay plan for his American System to work?

  4. How did the relationship between the United States and Britain improve after the War of 1812?

  1. How and when did the United States acquire east Florida? -

  1. What was the Monroe Doctrine and why was it adopted?

  2. Name three ways that transportation changed from the 1820s until the 1840s in America.

  3. How did Eli Whitney change the economy of the South in 1793?

  4. How did Eli Whitney change the development of industry in the United States?
    10. What was the factory system?

a. In what region of the country did it first emerge?

11. How did the issue of slavery trigger a problem in 1819?

a. How did the Missouri Compromise solve this problem?

12. When was Andrew Jackson elected president?

a. Why was he considered the "common man's" president?

  1. What was Jacksonian Democracy?

  2. What was the spoils system?

  3. What was the attitude of Jackson toward Native Americans?

  4. Describe the Trail of Tears?

  5. How did Jackson and the Supreme Court differ over the issue of the removal of the Native Americans?

  6. What is a tariff?

  7. Why was the Tariff of 1828 called the Tariff of Abomination?

  8. How did South Carolina and John C. Calhoun react to the Tariff of Abomination?

  9. What did Jackson do to the National Bank and why did he call it the "monster"?

  10. What were pet banks?

  11. Why was John C. Calhoun the leading spokesman for the South during the mid-1800s?

  12. What was the major point Calhoun was making in regard to the doctrine of nullification?

l410vement and Movements

  1. Who was Mark Twain and what did he contribute to the mind-1800s in American History?

  2. What was Romanticism?

  3. What was the influence of the Hudson River School of artists?

  4. Define transcendentalism and provide examples of transcendentalists.

  5. What types of literature did the Romantic writers produce?

  6. What positions did Thoreau take in his essay. "Civil Disobedience"?

  7. During the 1830s, what two groups of Europeans migrated to the United States in the greatest number?

a. Why did this trouble native-born Americans?

  1. In what section of the country was slavery primarily utilized and how did it impact that section?

  2. What were the various categories of people in southern society in the period before the Civil War?

  3. What group emerged during the period before the Civil War to oppose slavery?

  4. How was religion and music used by the slave to offset his condition in life?

  5. What religious groups were opposed to the use of slaves in America?

  6. What was the role of each of the following in the abolition of slavery?

  7. William Lloyd Garrison

  8. Frederick Douglass

  9. Nat Turner

  10. Sojourner Truth

  11. Harriet Tubman

  12. What were utopian communities?

  13. How did each of the following religious groups attempt to establish utopian communities?

  14. Shakers

  15. Mormons

  16. Transcendentalists

  17. How did Dorthea Dix attempt to help the mentally ill and prisoners?

  18. Why did the Temperance movement want to limit the consumption of alcohol?

  19. During the 1840s and 1850s, how were women educated in America?

a. What changes began to occur?

  1. What was the outcome of the Seneca Falls Convention in 1848?

  2. How did the women's suffrage movement also attack the issue of slavery?

  3. How did John L. O'Sullivan define the term Manifest Destiny?

  4. Why did the Mexican government invite American settlers into Texas?

  5. Why was there ultimately a conflict between Americans in Texas and the Mexican govemment?

  6. Why would the slogan "Remember the Alamo" be used by Texans to urge Texans to fight?

  7. How did the Baltle of San Jacinto affect the outcome of the Texas Revolution?

  8. Why would the United States, under Jackson, not annex Texas?

51 . During the period between 1836-1846, Texas was referred to as what?

  1. What American president was the Manifest Destiny President?

  2. What territories were acquired during his presidency?

  3. What was Oregon fever and how was it "cured"?

  4. What treaty granted the United States the Mexican Cession?

  5. How did the acquisition of Texas, Mexican Cession and Oregon lead to a conflict between the sections of the United States?

  6. How were the Indians in the Oregon territory treated?

\ \

US History Review Booklet for EOC preparation

  1. What discovery in California led to a massive migration of settlers into this area?

  2. Label the territorial acquisitions of the United States from 1846-1853.

Antebellum & Civil War

Crisis, Civil War, and Reconstruction (1848-1877) - The learner will analyze the issues that led to the Civil War, the effects of the war,
and the impact of Reconstruction on the nation.

3.01 Trace the economic, social, and political events from the Mexican War to the outbreak of the Civil War.

3.02 Analyze and assess the causes of the Civil War.

3.03 Identify political and military turning points of the Civil War and assess their significance to the outcome of the conflict.

3.04 Analyze the political, economic, and social impact of Reconstruction on the nation and identify the reasons why Reconstruction came
to an end.

3.05 Evaluate the degree to which the Civil War and Reconstruction proved to be a test of the supremacy of the national goverhment.

Why did southerners believe cotton was "king"?

What were the two proposals made to deal with the issues of slavery in the Mexican Cession?

How was the debate over the extension of slavery into the Mexican Cession solved in 1850?

a. What was that solution?

4. How did the following contribute to the beginning of the Civil War in 1861?

  1. Fugitive Slave Law

  2. Kansas-Nebraska Act

  3. Bleeding Kansas

  4. Republican Party

  5. Uncle Tom's Cabin

Which southern state was the first to secede?

How did southern secessionalists justify secession?

What country did these southern states create?

  1. Who was its President?

  2. Where were its two capitals?

8. Compare the strengths of the North and the South at the onset of the...:::C~iv~il;-;W~ar:..:.. _


9. What significant role did each of the following play in the Civil War?

  1. Robert E. Lee

  2. Stonewall Jackson

  3. Ulysses S. Grant

  4. William Sherman

  5. George B. McClellan

10. What was the significance of the following battles of the Civil War?

  1. First Bull Run

  2. Second Bull Run

  3. Shiloh

  4. Antietam

11. Where did Lee surrender and what were the conditions of his surrender?



Ored Scott v. Sanford
Lincoln-Douglas Debate
John Brown's Raid
Election of 1860




Sherman's March to the Sea


12. Why was the assassination of Abraham Lincoln by Booth a disaster for the South?

fll I f fh S h


Compare each of the

o owino Plans or Reconstruction 0 t e


Lincoln's Plan

Johnson's Plan

Radical Republican Plan

  1. What caused Congress and Andrew Jackson to clash?

  2. Why were the 13th, 14th, and 15th amendments considered the Reconstruction amendments?

  3. Why did the near impeachment of Johnson almost cause a shift in the balance of power between the branches of government?

  4. Who were the carpetbaggers and how did Southerners react to the Reconstruction govemments impose upon them?

  5. Identify the scandals of the Grant administration.

  6. Why was Reconstruction ended in 18777

  7. How did farming change in the South after the Civil War?

  8. How did southerners attempt to "re-slave" the former slave?

  9. What terrorist organization was created by Nathan B. Forest to force white rule?

  10. What were Jim Crow laws and how did they segregate southem society?

  11. What Supreme Court ruling upheld segregation?

a. What was the doctrine by this Supreme Court ruling?

  1. How did Booker T. Washington and Ida Wells Barnett react to the segregation establish in the South?

  2. What is the difference between de facto and de jure segregation?

Expansion of the Late 1800s


US History Review Booklet for EOC preparation

COMPETENCY GOAL 4: The Great West and the Rise of the Debtor (1860s-1896) - The learner will evaluate the great westward
movement and assess the impact of the agricultural revolution on the nation.

4.01 Compare and contrast the different groups of people who migrated to the West and describe the problems they experienced.

4.02 Evaluate the impact that settlement in the West had upon different groups of people and the environment.

4.03 Describe the causes and effects of the financial difficulties that plagued the

American farmer and trace the rise and decline of Populism.

4.04 Describe innovations in agricultural technology and business practices and assess their impact on the West.

  1. What was the lifestyle of the Plains Indians, and how were the buffalo and horse important to the lifestyle?

  2. Why did the United States govemment adopt a reservation policy?

  3. What impact did Custer's Last Stand have on attitude toward the Plains Indians?

  4. What did the American government do to assimilate the American Indian, and how successful was this?

  5. What was the Ghost Dance, and how did it lead to the massacre at Wounded Knee?

  6. What enabled Americans to get land in the West?

  7. How did the farmer cope with life on the Plains?

  8. What inventions enabled the farmer to succeed?

  9. How did the cattle in Texas gat to dinner plates in the East?

  10. What mineral resources were discovered in the West?

  11. How did the railroads open up the west?

  12. Why did Oliver Kelley organize the National Grange in 1867?

  13. What were the Granger laws?

  14. How was Munn v. Illinois later changed by Wabash v. Illinois?

  15. What did the Interstate Commerce Act of 1887 do?

  16. What problem did the issue of money supply cause after the Civil War?

  17. How was the Sherman Silver Purchase Act going to solve this problem?

  18. When and why did the Farmers Alliance movement create the Populist Party?

  19. What was the platform of the Populist Party in 1892?

  20. How did William Jennings Bryan's "Cross of Gold" speech help him to win the 1896 Democratic Party nomination?

COMPETENCY GOAL 5: Becoming an Industrial Society (1877-1900) - The learner will describe innovations in technology and
business practices and assess their impact on economic, political, and
social life in America.

5.01 Evaluate the influence of immigration and rapid industrialization on urban life.

5.02 Explain how business and industrial leaders accumulated wealth and wielded political and economic power.
5.03 Assess the impact of labor unions on industry and the lives of workers.

5.04 Describe the changing role of government in economic and political affairs.

Who were the robber barons?

How did laissez-faire capitalism promote the growth of big business?

Identify the industries dominated by the following individuals:

  1. Andrew Carnegie

  2. J.D. Rockefeller

  3. J.P. Morgan

  4. Cornelius Vanderbilt

What is a trust and how does it become a monopoly?
Why was the Sherman Anti-Trust Act adopted in 1890?

What is the difference between a department store, chain store and a mail-order company?

a. Name a company that would represent each of the previous categories.

During the 1880s and 1890s, immigrants to American came primarily from what regions in Europe?

What was life like for the new immigrants after they reached America?

What was a political machine and how did it benefit immigrants?

a. Which was the most notorious of the political machines and who was its "boss"?

  1. Why were Americans fearful of the new immigrants coming into America and how did they especially deal with the Chinese immigrants?

  2. During the late nineteenth century, how did cities in America change?

  3. Describe what life was like for each of the following in city life:

  4. Upper class

  5. Middle class

  6. Poor

  7. How could a settlement house help the problems faced by Americans in the big cities?

  8. Who was Jane Addams?

  9. Why did many Protestant ministers establish the idea of the Social Gospel?

  10. Why was the late nineteenth century referred to as the Gilded Age?

  11. How did Boss Tweed and his ring control the city government of New York?

  12. What change in patronage did the Garfield assassination cause?

  13. How did the telephone, telegraph, and typewriter aid industrialization in America?

  14. How did steel provide the building block for industrialization?

  15. What two new sources of power changed industrialization?

  16. What category of people made up the new working class by 1900?

  17. Why did American industry employ a large number of children in the workforce?

  18. What were the three major problems facing laborers during this time period?

  19. Identify the following terms as they related to labor movement.

  20. Knights of Labor

  21. American Federation of Labor

  22. Haymarket Square Riot





Collective bargaining
Closed shop

Open shop

US History Review Booklet for EOC preparation

  1. Company town

  2. Pullman Strike

  3. Eugene Debs

  4. Samual Gompers

  5. Terence Powderly

I. Yellow dog contracts

  1. Strike breakers

  2. Lock-outs

  3. Sweatshop

  4. Triangle Shirtwaist Factory

COMPETENCY GOAL 6: The emergence of the United States in World Affairs (1890-

1914) - The learner will analyze causes and effects of the United States emergence as a world power.
6.01 Examine the factors that led to the United States taking an increasingly active role in world affairs.
6.02 Identify the areas of United States military, economic, and political involvement and inftuence.

6.03 Describe how the policies and actions of the United States government impacted the affairs of other countries.

Compare the following foreign policies ofT Roosevelt Taft and Wilson


T. Roosevelt



Roosevelt Corollary / Gunboat Dioiomecv

Dollar Diplomacv

Missionary Diplomacy

  1. Define the term irnperiahsrn

  2. What role did each of the following play in promoting US imperialism?

  3. Alfred T. Mahan's Theory

  4. Industrialization

  5. Social Darwinism

4. How did the United States acquire each of the following territories during the period of imperialism?

  1. Alaska

  2. Hawaii

  3. Philippines

  4. Puerto Rico

  5. How did journalism change by 1900. and what was yellow press journalism?

  6. What was the role of each of the following in the Spanish-American War?

  7. Maine

  8. Teller Amendment

  9. Rough Riders

  10. William Randolph Hearst! Joseph Pulitzer

  11. Commodore Dewey

7. How was the Open Door Policy an attempt to secure concessions in China without fighting?

Progressive Reforms

COMPETENCY GOAL 7: The Progressive Movement in the United States (1890-1914) -The learner will analyze the economic, political,
and social reforms of the Progressive Period.

7.01 Explain the conditions that led to the rise of Progressivism.

7.02 Analyze how different groups of Americans made economic and political gains in the Progressive Period.
7.03 Evaluate the effects of racial segregation on different regions and segments of the United States' society.

7.04 Examine the impact of technological changes on economic, social, and cultural life in the United States.

Identify the three Progressive Presidents.

What was Progressivism and what was its goal?

How did the following make America more Progressive?

  1. initiative

  2. referendum

  3. recall

  4. direct primary

  5. How did joumalism promote Progressivism?

  6. What were muckrakers?

  7. Who were the three major muckrakers writing in the late nineteenth century?

  8. List their individual works.

6. How did each of the following help the Progressives achieve their goals?

  1. The Jungle

  2. Muller v. Oregon

  3. commission form of government

  4. 16th amendment

  5. 17'h amendment



18th amendment
19th amendment

Wisconsin ideal La Follette


Identifv on the chart below the initiatives that made each of the followina a Proaressive president:

T. Roosevelt



US History Review Booklet for EOC preparation


COMPETENCY GOAL 8: The Great War and Its Aftermath (1914-1930) - The learner will analyze United States involvement in World

War I and the war's influence on international affairs during the 1920's.

8.01 Examine the reasons why the United States remained neutral at the beginning of

World War I but later became involved.

8.02 Identify political and military turning points of the war and determine their significance to the outcome of the conflict.

8.03 Assess the political, economic, social, and cultural effects of the war on the United States and other nations.

  1. How were each of the following long-term causes of World War I?

  2. imperialism

  3. nationalism

  4. militarism

  5. alliances (Triple Entente & Triple Alliance)

  6. What was the spark that begun WWI?

  7. What was the US reaction to the beginning of WWI in Europe?

  8. What was trench warfare like during WWI?

  9. What new weapons made their debut during WWI?

  10. Describe how each of the following led to the US entry into WWI in 1917.

  11. freedom of the seas

  12. submarine warfare

  13. propaganda

  14. Zimmerman Note

  15. What was Wilson's campaign slogan in 1916?

  16. How did the United States raise an army to fight in WWI?

  17. How was the army transported to the European battlefields?

  18. What took Russia out of the war in 1917?

  19. Identify how the United States mobilized each of the following areas for war:

  20. labor

  21. industry

  22. agriculture

  23. propaganda

  24. What doctrine was established in the Schenck v. US case in 1919?

  25. What was Wilson's peace plan and what did he hope to accomplish?

  26. Who attended the Paris Peace Conference in 1919?

  27. Identify the terms of the Treaty of Versailles?

  28. Why did Republicans in the US Senate oppose the Treaty of Versailles and who was their leader?

'¥he Twenties

COMPETENCY GOAL 9: Prosperity and Depression (1919-1939) - The learner will appraise the economic, social, and political Changes

of the decades of "The Twenties" and "The Thirties."

9.01 Elaborate on the cycle of economic boom and bust in the 1920's and 1930's.

9.02 Analyze the extent of prosperity for different segments of society during this period.

9.03 Analyze the significance of social, intellectual, and technological changes of lifestyles in the United States.

9.04 Describe challenges to traditional practices in religion, race, and gender.

9.05 Assess the impact of New Deal reforms in enlarging the role of the federal government in American life.

  1. How did US demobilization cause problems for the economy?

  2. Why did the Red Scare occur in the United States in the 1920s?

  3. What was A. Mitchell Palmer's role in the Red Scare?

  4. How did the Sacco-Vanzetti trial highlight the anti-immigrant feelings in American in the 1920s?

  5. How did the United States restrict immigration in the 1920s?

  6. Why did African Americans begin to migrate to the industrial North in 1914?

a. What was the impact of this migration on northern cities?

  1. How did the end ofWWI impact American isolationalism in the 1920s and 1930s?

  2. What was Warren G. Harding's campaign slogan in the 1920 presidential election?

  3. Why was the Tea Pot Dome scandal humiliating for the Harding administration?

  4. What was the financial plan of Secretary of Treasury Andrew Mellon, and how did it help lead to the Great Depression?

  5. How did WEB Du Bois's and Marcus Garvey's beliefs differ from Booker T. Washington's?

  6. Why did the KKK re-emerge during the 1920s?

  7. Why was there a downturn in the economy immediately following WWI?

  8. What new form of transportation transformed American society during the 1920s?

  9. How did Henry Ford transform industrial production during the 1920s?

  10. How did advertisement change, during the 1920s, to encourage consumerism?

  11. How did the image of women change after WWI?

  12. Why did the United States adopt the 18th amendment, which prohibited the manufacturing, distribution and consumption of alcoholic


  1. How did the Scopes trial reflect a conflict between science and religion in the 1920s?

  2. What music became widely popular during the 1920s?

  3. How did the Harlem Renaissance improve the self-image of African Americans in the 1920s?

  4. What is meant by the term the Lost Generation?


US History Review Booklet for EOC preparation

a. What individuals would symbolize the Lost Generation?

The Depression & The New Deal

  1. What happened on October 29, 1929?

  2. Why was there a Great Depression? (causes)

  3. How did the Great Depression change the quality of life for Americans?

  4. Why was the weakest segment of the US economy prior to 1929 the farmers?

  5. What was Hoover's philosophy for dealing with the Depression?

  6. What is a run on a bank?

a. How many states stopped "runs on banks"?

  1. Why was Franklin D. Roosevelt elected in 1932 as the President?

  2. What did FDR mean by the statement, ''the only thing we have to fear is fear itself'?

  3. Prepare a chart that identifies the measures adopted during the First New Deal, and measures adopted during the Second New Deal.

First New Deal 1 __ ..,.s-=e:;::c:-;:on:-;-d_N_e_w_D_e..,.a_1 :--:-:--:-_---:---:=-- _

  1. What was the difference between Hoover's approach to the Depression and. FDR's approach to the Depression?

a. Be sure to identify "rugged individualism."

  1. How was John Lewis's CIO different from previous labor unions?

  2. What role did Harry Hopkins play in FDR's administration?

  3. How did Huey Long and Dr. Frances Townshend "push" FDR to sponsor even more liberal legislation?

  4. Why did FDR remove the US from the gold standard?

  5. How did John Steinbeck's The Grapes of Wrath depict the hardships of the Depression?


Part 11:

COMPETENCY GOAL 10: World War" and the Beginning of the Cold War (19305-1963)

The learner will analyze United States involvement in World War II and the war's influence on international affairs in following

1 0.01 Elaborate on the causes of World War II and reasons for United States entry into the war.

1 0.02 Identify military, political, and diplomatic turning points of the war and determine their significance to the outcome and aftermath of the

1 0.03 Describe and analyze the effects of the war on American economic, social, political, and cultural life.

1 0.04 Elaborate on changes in the direction of foreign policy related to the beginnings of the Cold War.

1 0.05 Assess the role of organizations established to maintain peace and examine their continuing effectiveness.

1. Identify the types of govemment instituted by the following dictators:

  1. Germany/ Adolph Hitler

  2. ltaly/ Benito Mussolini

  3. Japan/ Tojo

  4. Soviet Union/ Stalin

  5. Identify the Axis powers and the major Allied Powers ofWWl1.

  6. Where did each of the following totalitarian governments want to expand?

  7. Germany

  8. Japan

  9. Italy

4. What was appeasement?

  1. Why did appeasement not work?

  2. Who initiated it?

  3. Identify the long-term causes and the short-term causes of WWII.

  4. List the areas of conquest or annexation by Adolph Hitler.

  5. What actions were taken by Germany in 1939 led Britain and France to go to war against Germany?

  6. What is "blitzkrieg" fighting?

  7. What saved Britain in the Battle of Britain?

  8. Who was the Prime Minister of Britain during WWII?

  9. How did the Americans help the British without declaring war on Germany?

  10. What was the United States' official position after the outbreak of WWII in Europe?

  11. What did Winston Churchill and FDR agree to in the Atlantic Charter?

  12. How were Japanese Americans treated in the US during WWII?

  13. Describe the African campaign led by the United States.

  14. Describe the Italian campaign by America.

  15. What was "island hopping" and where was it used?

18 f WWII b I
Complete the ollowing

att e chart:




Coral Sea



Battle of the Bulge




19. Describe the role each of the follOWing played 10 WWII.
UNITED STATES HISTORY EOC REVIEW PACKET-Use this to help review for this all-important test.

  1. Eisenhower

  2. Patton

  3. Who attended the Yalta Conference and what was their decision?

  4. Why and when did Harry S. Truman become president?

  5. What was the Manhattan Project and who was·in charge?

  6. Why did Truman decide to use the atomic bomb on Japan?

  7. What two Japanese cities were victims of the A-bomb?

  8. What was a kamikaze pilot?

  9. What role did "Rosie the Riveter" play in WWII?

  10. What was the WWII experience like for African Americans?

  11. In what way were white and black men treated equally during WWII?

  12. What was Hitler's "Final Solution"?

  13. What does the term "Holocaust" mean?

  14. How did the government allocate resources to US citizens during WWII?

The Cold War

  1. MacArthur

  2. Rommell

COMPETENCY GOAL 11: Recovery, Prosperity, and Turmoil (1945·1980) • The learner will trace economic, political, and social.
developments and assess their significance for the lives of Americans during this time period.

11.01 Describe the effects of the Cold War on economic, political, and social life in


11.02 Trace major events of the Civil Rights Movement and evaluate its impact.

11.03 Identify major social movements including, but not limited to, those involving women, young people, and the environment, and
evaluate the impact of these movements on the United States' society.

11.04 Identify the causes of United States' involvement in Vietnam and examine how this involvement affected society.

11.05 Examine the impact of technological innovations that have impacted American life.

11.06 Identify political events and the actions and reactions of the government officials and citizens, and assess the social and political


  1. What was Truman's Fair Deal?

a. How did it differ from the New Deal?

  1. Who are "baby boomers?"

  2. How did each of the following impact the lives of Americans in the 1950s?

  1. suburbs d. Levittown

  2. television e. automobile

  1. entertainment

4. How did each of the following change the lives of African Americans in the 1950s and 1960s?

  1. Rosa Parks h. 1965 Civil Rights Act

  2. Brown v. Board of Education i. 1968 Civil Rights Act

  3. Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. j. Greensboro sit-ins

  4. Central High School, Little Rock k. Malcolm X

  5. Freedom Rides I. Black Power

  6. "I Have a Dream" speech m. Thurgood Marshall

  1. 1964 Civil Rights Act

  2. Trace advantages in the US space program from JFK's presidency to the 1969 moon landing.

  3. What conflict did Roe v. Wade create with religious groups?

  4. What changes did LBJ's Great Society programs have on the lives of people?

  5. How has American industry and economy changed since WWII?

  6. Why did the US move from being a major exporter to becoming a major importer?

  7. Identify the candidates for the presidency for each election since 1944.

  8. Which President is associated with each of the following programs? Also briefly explain the programs.

  9. New Deal

  10. Fair Deal

  11. Dynamic Conservatism

  12. New Frontier

  13. Great Society

  14. What did JFK mean when he stated. "ask not what your country can do for you, but ask what you can do for your country"?

  15. Identify the significance of the following during JFK's presidency:

  16. Bay of Pigs

  17. Cuban Missile Crisis

  18. Berlin Wall

  19. New Frontier

14. What was the Solid South?

a. What were Dixiecrats?

  1. Why was the Democratic Convention of 1968 so disturbing to many Americans?

  2. Why was there a second Red Scare in the 1950s and who led the crusade?

  3. What impact did the Kennedy-Nixon debate have on the 1960 election and future elections?

  4. What single-issue political parties have developed since 1968 and what issue did each party support?

  1. What were the Camp David Accords, and why were they significant?

  2. What was the Iran Hostage Crisis, and how was it resolved?

  3. Identify the importance of the following in regards to Ronald Reagan's foreign policy.

  4. Nicaragua

  5. Iran Contra Affair

  6. Grenada

10. Describe the role of each of the following in George Bush's foreign policy in the 1980s.

  1. Panama

  2. Nicaragua

  3. China

  4. Operation Deser! Shield/ Storm

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