Review for Chapters 28-30



Download 16.69 Kb.
Date conversion29.04.2016
Size16.69 Kb.
Test Review for Chapters 28-30


  • State-sponsored industrialization: Russia began industrializing in 1861; Japan began industrializing in 1868

  • Indian National Congress (INC)/”Congress Party” formed 1885 & was an association of Western-educated Indians. What was its original purpose?

  • World War I: 1914-1918

    • developments (long-term & short-term) led to WWI?

    • Factors that made WWI a “world” war?

    • How were colonies used in WWI?

    • New developments in warfare used in WWI?

    • Reasons for Russia’s weaknesses during WWI?

    • British promises to Zionists? British promises to Arabs?

  • Paris Peace Conference/Treaty of Versailles: 1919

    • League of Nations created + why weak?

    • Terms of the Treaty of Versailles/Effects on nations & colonies?

    • How did the Treaty of Versailles contribute to a second World War?

  • After WWI, nationalist movements in colonies strengthened with goal of self-determination. Why were these movements stronger after WWI?

  • Turkey established as a westernized, secular republic for the Turkish people (established by Ataturk)

  • What factor contributed most women in West gaining suffrage between 1914 and 1950?

  • Mexican Revolution, 1910-1920

    • Causes of the revolution including Porfirio Diaz’s dictatorial president + poor conditions of peasants (land reforms!) + resentment of US foreign business control

    • Alvaro Obregon’s election in 1920 marked the end of the Mex. Revolution

    • Results of the revolution for Mexico?

    • President Lazaro Cardenas’ (1930s) contributions to upholding the goals of the Mexican Revolution?

  • Russian Revolution, 1917-1921

    • Causes of the revolution including Czar Nicholas II’s absolutist control + effects of WWI + poor conditions for peasants (land reforms!) & industrial workers + liberal ideas + radical ideas

    • 2 phases of the revolution: liberal revolution (Kerensky), communist revolution (Lenin)

    • How did Lenin try to gain support for communist revolution?

    • Results of the revolution for Russia?

  • Chinese Revolution, 1911-1949

    • Causes of the revolution including corrupt/ultra-conservative Qing dynasty + poor conditions for peasants (land reforms!) + anti-Western spheres of influence + anti-Japan + liberal reformers (Sun Yat-sen) + radical ideas (communism)

    • 2 phases of the revolution: the Republic of China (Sun Yat-sen & Jiang Jiseshi), communist China (Mao Zedong)

    • Trace path of revolution (Guomindang, CCP, civil war, etc.) + why did the Republic fail in China?

    • USSR gave funding to the Nationalists to establish a modern army for China

    • Sun Yat-sen & Jiang Jieshi (Guomindang/Nationalist Party); Mao Zedong (Chinese Communist Party)

    • Results of the revolution for China?

  • Mexican, Chinese, & Russian Revolutions were all nationalistic, anti-western movements

  • Gandhi & Mao Zedong were both largely successful in their goals because of their ability to appeal to the peasant population in their nations.

  • What is civil disobedience? + provide examples of it being used in the process of decolonization

  • Gandhi (India), Kenyatta (Kenya), & Nkrumah (Ghana) were all advocates of the civil disobedience approach to gaining independence from the West

  • Great Depression, 1929-1930s

    • Governments began to take a more active role in regulating their nation’s economies  How did national governments try to respond to the problems created by the Great Depression?

      • USA, Germany, Japan, Mexico

  • Fascism emphasizes self-sacrifice for your nation-state, expansion and glorification of the nation’s military, leadership by authoritarian dictators, a denial of personal rights, application of a secret police force and propaganda

  • What were Hitler’s goals for Germany in the 1930s-early 1940s?

  • World War II: 1939-1945

    • Aggressive actions by totalitarian nations (Germany, Italy, & Japan) sparked WWII

    • Weak responses to this aggression by the League of Nations, Britain, France, & US

    • In order to avert war, Britain tried to use appeasement to satisfy Hitler’s desires (ex. Munich Agreement, 1938)

    • Hitler’s invasion of Poland in 1939 proved appeasement wouldn’t work  WWII begins

    • Hitler used blitzkrieg early in the war. How is this different from the strategy on the Western front in WWI?

    • Allied Powers/Axis Powers – Which nations belonged to each?

    • Scientific/technological innovations developed & used in WWII?

    • What is “total war”?  how were WWI & WWII examples of this?

    • What was the significance of the Atlantic Charter, 1941?

    • USA saw HUGE economic expansion during WWII due to demands of war effort

    • Civilians were major targets for attack in WWII.

      • Holocaust (12 million killed)

      • Rape of Nanking

      • Allied bombing of German cities (ex. Firebombing of Dresden, 1945)

      • Atomic bombs dropped on Hiroshima & Nagasaki, Japan

    • Allied strategy for defeating the Nazis? Allied strategy for defeating Japan?

    • Outcomes of WWII?

    • United Nations, 1945-present  significance? + why stronger than the League of Nations?

    • Cold War (USA vs USSR/West vs. East/Capitalism vs. Communism), 1945-1991

  • Decolonization, 1945-1970s

    • Western nations finally began to grant self-determination to most of their former colonies after WWII (Reasons for this?)

    • India, 1947

      • Be able to explain the nationalist movements in India after WWI as well as their goals, leaders, and strategies (ex. INC, Muslim League)

      • 1947: partition/independence of India & Pakistan  refugee crisis (Muslims & Hindus cross borders searching for religious protection)

    • Palestine/Israel

      • What factors motivated increased Jewish migration to Palestine in the decades after WWI?  results of this migration?

      • 1948: Israel becomes nation w/partition of Palestine  Arab/Israeli conflict

      • Sub-Saharan Africa decolonization

        • Ghana 1st, 1957

        • Different strategies used to gain independence?

          • Civil-disobedience (Kenyatta in Kenya, Nkrumah in Ghana)

          • Guerilla warfare (ie. Algeria vs. France; Mau Mau War in Kenya vs. Britain)

          • Negotiations w/the West

        • South Africa maintains white domination by Afrikaner National Party (Apartheid)

        • After independence, most new African nations:

          • maintained economic dependence on Western nations

          • experienced ethnic/tribal conflict/civil war

          • had weak democracies that fell to brutal dictators


The database is protected by copyright ©essaydocs.org 2016
send message

    Main page