Report of Sub-Committee on More crop and income per drop of water



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Report

of

Sub-Committee

on

More crop and income per drop of water





Advisory Council on Artificial Recharge of Ground Water

Ministry of Water Resources

Government of India
October 2006






PREAMBLE
The Ministry of Water Resources had constituted an Advisory Council on Artificial Recharge of Ground Water under the Chairmanship of Prof. Saifuddin Soz, Hon’ble Minister of Water Resources. The first meeting of the Council was held on 22nd July, 06 at Vigyan Bhavan, New Delhi and was inaugurated by Dr. Manmohan Singh, Hon’ble Prime Minister of India. In his inaugural address the Prime Minister mentioned that “ We have to minimize our water use – invest in science and technology to ensure that we can grow crops which use less water. In other words, find ways of valuing the crop per drop”. To implement the suggestions of Prime Minister, the Council in its first meeting constituted a Sub-Committee under the Chairmanship of Dr. M.S. Swaminathan to prepare a report on “More Crop and Income per Drop of Water”. The Sub-Committee consists of representatives of Ministry of Agriculture, Ministry of Rural Development, National Fishery Development Board, CGWB, CWC, Confederation of Indian Industry and Agricultural Scientists from IARI, CRIDA, CAZRI, ICRISAT and State/Central Agriculture Universities/Institutes. The Sub-Committee held two meetings on 9th and 29th Sept., 2006 in a brain-storming mode to analyse the available data and offer concrete recommendations.
The report gives details of implementable action plans incorporating technologies along with their economics. The steps that can be taken for Rabi crops have been highlighted so that action can begin from ensuing Rabi season itself.
Irrigation water security is vital both for livelihood and food security. While the country has made large investments in the augmentation of water supply, there have been no commensurate efforts in the management of demand and in the promotion of efficient and economic water use. This report draws attention to the scope available for improving the efficiency of use of irrigation water in a manner that both the productivity and profitability of farming are enhanced. This is the pathway to an ever-green revolution all over the country, designed to enhance agricultural productivity and profitability in perpetuity, without associated ecological harm.
I am indebted to all the members of the sub-committee for their inputs and their dedication to the cause of building a sustainable irrigation water security system for the country. In particular, my thanks go to Shri.S.M Sood, member secretary and Dr K.Palanisami, co-ordinator of the drafting group for their untiring efforts and invaluable contributions.
The report is being presented on 2 October, 2006, the birth anniversary of Mahatma Gandhi to remind ourselves of the eternal truth behind Gandhiji’s statement,

“Nature provides for everybody’s needs, but not for everyone’s greed”. On this day, we dedicate ourselves to replacing the spread of greed revolution with an ever-green revolution based on the principle of Jal Swaraj.


M.S.Swaminathan



Chairman

CONTENTS

Sl. No.

Title

Page No.

I.

Introduction

1-4




Sources of Irrigation

2




Trends in Irrigation Investment in India

3

II

Issues

4-16




Ground water Depletion

5




Problems of waterlogging and drainage


9




WUAs and their progress

10




Agricultural sector performance

13




Scope to increasing water use efficiency

13

III.

Viable technologies for enhancing productivity and income

16-45




Supply augmentation

18




Investment in water control measures

18




Action plans

18




Redefining the watershed programmes and tank management

18




Action plans

19




Demand management

20




System of rice intensification

20




Action plans

23




Micro Irrigation with fertigation

25




Acton plans

28




Soil Health

29




Action Plan

30




Crop diversification and multiple uses of water

33




Action plan

34




Weather based crop insurance programs

34




Action plan

39




Credit, insurance and market reforms

40




Action plan

45

IV
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