Remember: You must turn in your textbook on the day of the exam. Exam format



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Sociology Final Exam Study Guide 2015-2016
**Remember: You must turn in your textbook on the day of the exam.**
Exam format:

Honors:

  • 80 multiple choice (1 pt. each/80 pts. total)

  • 3 short answer (10 pts. each/30 pts. total)

  • 1 essay (40 pts.)

Total: 150 pts.

CP:

  • 90 multiple choice (1 pt. each/90 pts. total)

  • 5 short answer (8 pts. each/40 pts. total)

  • 1 essay (20 pts.)

Total: 150 pts.


Units of study on the exam:

  • Unit 1: Introduction to Sociology (Chapter 1, all)

  • Unit 2: Culture (Chapters 2 and 3, all)

  • Unit 3: Socialization and Gender Roles (Chapter 5, sections 1 and 3; and Chapter 11, section 1)

  • Unit 4: Adolescence and Adulthood (Chapters 6 and 7, all; and Chapter 11, section 2)

  • Unit 5: Social Stratification (Chapter 9, all; and Chapter 10, sections 1 and 2)

  • Unit 6: Deviance (Chapter 8, all)


Key terms, people, and ideas to review:

Intro. to Sociology

  • Sociology

  • Social sciences

  • Anthropology

  • Psychology

  • Social psychology

  • Economics

  • Political science

  • History

  • Social interaction

  • Social phenomena

  • Sociological perspective

  • Fields of study (e.g. adolescence, crime, education)

  • Sociological imagination

  • “Halo” and “horns” effects

Culture

  • Ethnocentrism

  • Cultural relativism

  • Culture/components of culture

  • Technology

  • Symbols

  • Language

  • Values

  • Norms

  • Material culture

  • Nonmaterial culture

  • Society

  • Folkways

  • Mores

Socialization and Gender Roles

  • Personality

  • Instinct

  • Nature vs. nurture

  • Ivan Pavlov

  • Classical conditioning

  • John Watson (Baby Albert exp.)

  • Albert Bandura (Bobo Doll exp.)

  • Feral children

  • Genie Wiley

Adolescence and Adulthood

  • Adolescence

  • Puberty

  • Developments that led to the concept of adolescence

  • Characteristics of adolescence

  • “Generation Like” and social media

  • Technology and social isolation

  • Courtship vs. dating

  • Purposes of dating

  • The adolescent brain

  • Stress

  • Grit

  • Challenges of adolescence

  • Teen pregnancy

Social Stratification

  • “The Difference that Class Makes”

  • Stratification

  • Social inequality

  • Caste system

  • Class system

  • Social class – wealth, power, prestige

  • Functionalist theory of stratification

  • Conflict theory of stratification

  • Social classes in the U.S.

  • Upper class

  • Upper-middle class

  • Lower-middle class

  • Working class

  • Working poor

  • Underclass

  • Social mobility

Deviance

  • Defining deviance

  • Stigmatization

  • Functions of deviance

  • Clarifying norms

  • Unifying the group

  • Diffusing tension

  • Promoting social change

  • Providing jobs

  • Deviance in “Grinch”



  • Factors that led to the development of sociology as a field of study

  • Auguste Comte

  • Herbert Spencer

  • Karl Marx

  • Emile Durkheim

  • Max Weber

  • Harriet Martineau

  • Jane Addams

  • W.E.B. Du Bois

  • Social statics

  • Social dynamics

  • Cerebral hygiene

  • Social Darwinism

  • Bourgeoisie



  • Culture traits

  • Culture complexes

  • Culture patterns

  • George Murdock

  • Cultural universals

  • Cultural variation

  • Subculture

  • Counterculture

  • Social control

  • Internalization

  • Sanctions

  • Positive/negative sanctions

  • Formal/informal sanctions



  • Socialization

  • Agents of socialization:

  • Family

  • Peers

  • School

  • Mass media

  • Fairy tales

  • Gender

  • Sex



  • Teen dating violence

  • Underage drinking

  • Depression and suicide

  • Eating disorders

  • Stages of adulthood for males

  • Early adulthood

  • Novice phase

  • Middle adulthood

  • Midlife crisis

  • Mentor

  • “B.O.O.M.” - becoming one’s own man

  • Late adulthood

  • Phases of adult female development



  • Horizontal mobility

  • Vertical mobility

  • Intergenerational mobility

  • “Myth of the American Dream”

  • Poverty level

  • Functions of poverty

  • Life chances

  • Risk factors and effects of poverty

  • Minimum wage

  • Social welfare programs

  • SNAP

  • WIC
    Care4Kids

  • TFA/Jobs First

  • Race

  • Ethnicity

  • Ethnic group

  • Minority Group



  • Explaining deviance

  • Functionalist perspective

  • Strain theory

  • Conflict perspective

  • Interactionist perspective

  • Control theory

  • Labeling theory

  • Cultural transmission theory

  • Primary deviance



  • Proletariat

  • Verstehen

  • Theory

  • Theoretical perspectives

  • Functionalist theory

  • Conflict theory

  • Symbolic interactionist theory

  • Functions – manifest and latent

  • Dysfunctional

  • Survey

  • Historical method

  • Content analysis

  • Detached observation

  • Participant observation

  • Case study

  • Experiment



  • Intelligence and culture

  • (Body) language and culture

  • Robin M. Williams

  • American values

  • Linguistic-relativity hypothesis

  • Social change (and sources of change)

  • Ideology

  • Social movement

  • Diffusion

  • Reformulation

  • Cultural lag

  • Vested interest



  • Gender roles

  • Gender identity

  • Gendered communication

  • Patriarchy

  • Sexism

  • Wage gap

  • Glass ceiling/escalator

  • “Pink collar” jobs

  • “Second shift”



  • Labor force

  • Changes in the labor force

  • Profession

  • Occupation

  • Wealth, power, prestige

  • Blue, white, pink collar jobs

  • Unemployment

  • Gerontology

  • Social gerontology

  • Young, middle, old-old

  • Dependency

  • Ageism

  • “Graying of America”

  • Baby Boomers

  • Futurism



  • Discrimination

  • Prejudice

  • Legal discrimination

  • Institutionalized discrimination

  • Stereotype

  • Self-fulfilling prophecy

  • Racism

  • Scapegoating

  • Racial profiling

  • Patterns of minority treatment:

  • Cultural pluralism

  • Assimilation

  • Legal protection

  • Segregation

  • Subjugation

  • Population transfer

  • Extermination/genocide

  • 30 Days on a Navajo Reservation



  • Secondary deviance

  • Crime

  • Types of crime – organized, violent, property, white-collar, victimless

  • Hate crime

  • Criminal justice system – police, courts, corrections

  • Recidivism



CP: You can bring in a 4x6 note card with handwritten notes on the front and back to use during the exam. It will be collected with the exam.
Honors: The essay portion of the exam will be open-notes. After you finish the multiple choice and short answer portion, you will hand it in and get the essay prompt, at which point you can consult class notes, handouts, etc.
Date of exam: _________________________


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