The relationship between Charles II and Parliament was hostile, to say the least. Parliament prevented religious freedom, so, in 1681, English Parliament was dissolved by Charles. He ruled alone until his death. Earlier, in 1619, he dissolved the Cavalier Parliament to save Lord Danby from an impeachment trial. However, his efforts were futile. The new Parliament of 1679 declared that the dissolution of Parliament would not interrupt impeachment proceedings and the trial continued. Religious freedom and tolerance was enforced by the dissolution of parliament by Charles.
Clarendon Code was designed to share up the position of the re-established Church of england. Charles II favored religious tolerance and agreed to convert to Catholicism in exchange for aid during the third Anglo-Dutch War. He wished to introduce religious tolerance, but Parliament hindered him. He was converted to Catholicism from Protestantism on his death bed. Before this, when Charles’ brother revealed himself as a Catholic, the pro-exclusion whig and anti-exclusion tory parties were created. Religious divisions led to the creation of two parties and Charles sided with the tories since he favored religious freedom.
1. Defeated by Oliver Cromwell at the Battle of Worcester on September 3 1651 2. Death of Cromwell 1658 3. Convention Parliament assembled April 25 1660 4. Charles was declared King May 14 1660 5. Charles was crowned April 23 1661 6. Lord Danby was impeached by the House of Commons 1678 7. Charles dissolves the Cavalier Parliament January 1679 8. New English Parliament met March 1679 9. Charles dissolved the English Parliament 1681 10. Charles died February 1685
3. The Parliament continued after Cromwell was no longer in power. After a general election Parliament moved on to restoring the monarch.
6. The impeachment of Lord Danby was a show of power. Parliament did eventually get their way and Charles could not stop them.
8. Even after the Cavalier Parliament was dissolved they created a new Parliament. They tried to maintain their power and influence over Charles.
9. After Charles dissolved Parliament he ruled alone until his death. Parliament had no affect on his rule during this time period.
A wanted poster for Charles II which was created shortly after Cromwell’s victory.
Portrait of Charles II.
Document declaring that Lord Danby had committed high treason.