Reign of terror dbq packet answers



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REIGN OF TERROR

DBQ PACKET

ANSWERS

Document A

  • For nearly two years, France was a constitutional monarchy. What kind of Government is that?
  • A form of government in which the power of the monarch is limited by a parliament, by law, or by custom.

Document A

2. How many months was it between the guillotining of Louis XVI and the guillotining of Robespierre?

  • 18

Document A

3. Why did the revolutionary government in Paris need a military draft in 1793?

  • War with Prussia and Austria
  • Counterrevolutionary revolts inside France

Document A

  • 4. What evidence is there that the revolutionary government that supported the Reign of Terror also supported human rights?
  • 1794-All slavery in French colonies abolished
  • Declaration of the Rights of Man and Citizen*
  • * Not on timeline

Document A ( #4 continued)

  • 4. What evidence is there that the government that supported the Reign of Terror denied human rights?
  • Tribunal of Public Safety
  • Forced military drafts
  • Christian churches closed by government
  • Government denies legal counsel to enemies of revolution

Document A

5. What evidence is there that the Reign of Terror was successful in fighting both enemies inside France(counter revolutionaries)

and foreign enemies?

  • 1793 (Dec.) Counter -revolution in western France near collapse
  • 1794 ( April /May) French Victory over foreign enemies nearly complete

Document B

1. With which countries was France at war in 1792 and 1794?

  • Prussia and Austria

Document B

2. Which major cities did the French lose in 1792?

  • Longwy and Verdun

Document B

3. Why was Austria so concerned about the possible spread of the French Revolution?

  • That revolution might spread to it’s own country
  • Concern about safety of Marie Antoinette

Document B

4. How did émigrés threaten France?

  • Formed armies and allied themselves with France’s foreign enemies

Document B

5. Based on this document, do you think executing French supporters of the Austrian and Prussian monarchies was justified? Explain

  • Answers will vary. Credit if some sort of explanation is given

Document C

1. What do the shaded areas represent on this map?

  • Areas of resistance to the revolutionary government

Document C

2. What was the levee en masse?

  • A military draft

Document C

3. What did the government do to religious property in Auxerre, France

  • Carried a copper cross mockingly, upside down on a cart and offering it to passers-by to spit on

Document C

4. Why do you think so many people were killed in in 1793?

Fierce opposition to the draft and desire to save the Church from destruction by Revolution

Document C

5. How could you use this document to show the reign of terror was justified or not justified?

Answers will vary. Credit if some sort of explanation is given

Document D

1.When was this letter written?

  • August 25, 1793

Document D

2. Who wrote the letter and to whom?

Document D

3. What is the purpose of the letter?

  • The writer is asking for more extreme measures for fighting the counter-revolutionaries

Document D

4. Is there any evidence that helps you measure the size of the revolt? Explain.

  • Three thousand national guards needed to establish order
  • 6 patriots and 40 counter-revolutionaries killed

Document D

5. How could you use this document to argue that the Reign of Terror was justified or not justified?

  • Answers will vary. Credit if some sort of explanation is given

Document E

1. Is this a primary or secondary source?

  • Secondary

Document E

2.What was the purpose of the Tribunal and how ere the judges chosen?

Document E

3. What was the purpose of the watch committees?

  • Find and get rid of foreigners suspected of counter-revolutionary activities

Document E

4. What sort of activities could get a person in trouble with the Committee of Public Safety

  • Criticism spoken against the government

Document E

5. How many people were executed by commissions in the countryside?

  • 35,000 – 40,000

Document E

6. Do you think the activities of the Tribunal and the Committee of Public Safety were justified?

  • Answers will vary. Credit if some sort of explanation is given

Document F

1. What was the date of this event?

  • January 21, 1793

Document F

2. Whose head is the executioner holding?

  • Louis XVI

Document F

3. Where is the execution

  • Paris
  • City Center
  • Town

Document F

4. Describe the crowd in attendance

  • Cries of joy
  • Arm in arm
  • Laughing and chatting
  • Like a festival
  • 80, 000 armed men

Document F

5. How could you use this document to argue that the Reign of Terror was justified or not justified?

  • Answers will vary. Credit if some sort of explanation is given

Document G

1. According to Robespierre, what are the goals of the war and the revolution.

Document G

2. Who should the government protect, according to Robespierre?

  • Peaceful citizens
  • “republicans”

Document G

3. What does Robespierre mean by “internal” and

“external” enemies of the Republic

  • Internal: counter revolutionaries or royalists
  • External: (Prussia and Austria) conspirators

Document G

4. What does Robespierre believe should be done to enemies of the republic

  • “smother”: destroy, kill, get rid of

Document G

5. How could you use this document to argue that the Reign of Terror was justified or not justified?

  • Answers will vary. Credit if some sort of explanation is given


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