Regions Worksheets



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Regions

Worksheets
These worksheets accompany the Social Studies textbook, Regions, available at http://www.pearsonschool.com/index.cfm?locator=PSZwAe, published by the Pearson Scott Foresman for use in the Lake Union Adventist Christian schools. http://images.betterworldbooks.com/032/scott-foresman-social-studies-regions-pearson-education-9780328239740.jpg
Regions is designed for fourth grade students. In small schools grades 3 and 4 can be combined and use this book one year, and Communities the next.
“Today, it's more important than ever that we show our students what it means to be citizens of this nation - that respect, caring, responsibility, fairness, courage, and honesty are the pillars that make us strong. Scott Foresman Social Studies helps you make a difference. With rich content that captures students' imaginations and built-in reading and vocabulary instruction, your students will not only be learning, they'll be preparing for success on high-stakes state and national tests. Plus, exciting lessons from Colonial Williamsburg, the nation's largest living history museum, give your students unique opportunities to connect with the past.” (Scott Foresman)
Each lesson includes many resources to evaluate and enrich student learning. There are no resources to prepare students for the chapter tests. These worksheets fill that need.
This file includes 13 worksheets and answer keys, each one page (front and back) per chapter. They are shared in .rtf format for easy access and editing, but may be affect display, so please check page breaks are showing correctly before printing.
I hope these worksheets help you and your students. If you have any questions email Jody Marsh at jaykaymarsh@yahoo.com
Freely you received, freely give – please consider submitting resources you create through http://circle.adventist.org/submit/ to help other busy Christian teachers.

Regions

Chapter 1 Review


1.1 List the 5 regions of the US.

1.2 What landform makes up most of the Midwest?



1.3 The Grand Canyon is in what region?

1.4 How are regional boundaries different from state boundaries?

1.5 How are regional boundaries determined?



2.1 How is climate different from weather?

2.2 What are the two major factors of climate and weather?

2.3 Which of these is not a factor that affects climate? (Distance from the equator, Population, Elevation, or Distance from a large body of water)

2.4 What type of climate describes an area that is warm all year round?

2.5 Describe the climate of the southwest region.



3.1 What is the most valuable resource of the northeast region?

3.2 Which of these is NOT a major resource of the southwest region?

(Oil, Gold, Cotton, Natural Gas)

3.3 How is a renewable resource different from a nonrenewable resource?

3.4 Which of these is nonrenewable? (Soil, Trees, Oil, Water)


3.5 Define “Human Resource.”




Regions

Chapter 2 Review


1.1 According to some scientists, how did the first Americans arrive in North America?

1.2 Name three reasons explorers and settlers came to North America.

1.3 What was the purpose of Christopher Columbus’s first voyage to America?



1.4 How did Florida become part of the US?

1.5 How did Oregon become part of the US?

1.6 How did Louisiana become part of the US?

1.7 Name three ways the US expanded from the Atlantic to the Pacific.

2.1 What is the Constitution?

2.2 At what level of government do citizens elect a mayor?

2.3 Which branch of government makes the nation’s laws?



2.4 Who is the head of the executive branch?

2.5 How can the US Constitution be changed?

3.1 What is one way a person can become a citizen of the US?

3.2 Which of these is NOT a service paid for by taxes? (Maintaining roads, Making new parks, Building schools, Buying school supplies)

3.3 List three responsibilities of a US citizen.

3.4 List three responsibilities of US children.



3.5 Why is it important for Americans to vote?

Regions

Chapter 3 Review


1.1 What might have drawn the first Americans to North America?

1.2 Why did many settlers move west during the 1800’s?

1.3 What discovery in 1848 led many people to move to California?

1.4 Which of the following is NOT a change that occurred in the 1800’s? (Many people moved from cities to rural areas, Industries grew near the source of raw materials, Many people left farming to work in cities, Railroads expanded across the country)

2.1 How did people barter to get the things they needed?

2.2 What role do producers play in the economy?

2.3 How does a business make a profit?

2.4 In a free enterprise economy, a business operates on what system?

2.5 What might happen if a business makes more of a product than people want to buy?

2.6 If the supply of a popular product is much less than the demand for it, what will likely happen to the price?

2.7 Which is NOT a way people contribute to the economy? (Learning skills needed in the workplace, Producing goods and services, Buying and selling goods, Trading by barter)

3.1 How are the regions of the US interdependent?

3.2 How does transportation help economically interdependent regions?

3.3 Which of the following is NOT an example of globalization? (The parts of a computer are made all around the world, Dairy farms in Wisconsin make ice cream from milk, A local pizza restaurant holds a fundraiser to support a worldwide cause, or Bob’s Bike Shop is located on 321 Main Street in Yellow Springs.)

3.4 Which of the following factors has NOT increased world trade? (Globalization, Barter, Communication, Transportation)
Regions

Chapter 4 Review




    1. Niagara Falls is between which two Great Lakes?



    1. Name three reasons Niagara Falls is important to the Northeast.




    1. What is produced by hydropower plants along the Niagara River?



    1. Name three mountain ranges in the Appalachian Mountains.



    1. What state in the northeast region does not border the Atlantic Ocean?



    1. Which is the largest of the Finger Lakes?



    1. Why do grapes grow well in the Finger Lakes region?

2.3 Name three ways water is essential to growing cranberries.

2.4 List the steps is maple syrup production.



    1. Why does it take many hours to make maple syrup?



    1. How do many families in the Chesapeake Bay area make a living?



    1. What are the people who fish Chesapeake Bay called?



    1. How does soil around Chesapeake Bay get polluted?



    1. How does polluted soil get into Chesapeake Bay?



    1. What is one way people have tried to help save Chesapeake Bay?


Regions

Chapter 5 Review




    1. What is a sachem.



    1. What did the Europeans trade with the Indians for furs?



    1. What three things happened once European settlers arrived in the Northeast?




    1. What was the strongest Indian organization?



    1. List three steps in the founding of our country.



    1. What was the first capital of the USA?



    1. What are three reasons immigrants came to the USA?




    1. Through which city did most Europeans come to the USA?




    1. Define abolitionist.




    1. Name an important women’s rights leader.



    1. Why did women want the right to vote?

4.1 Name three northeast cities that began as ports for ocean going ships.





    1. How have Pittsburgh’s industries changed over the years.




    1. What do Philadelphia, New York, and Boston all have in common?



    1. How do people in the northeast contribute to the economy of the region?


Regions

Chapter 6 Review




    1. Name three landforms found in the Southeast.



    1. How are the Barrier Islands formed?



    1. Describe the Outer Coastal Plain.



    1. How is the Inner Coastal Plain different from the Outer Coastal Plain?



    1. What landform in the Southeast has the highest elevation?



    1. Describe the weather of the Florida Keys.



    1. Describe the climate of the states in the coastal plain.



    1. Describe a hurricane.




    1. What time of year is hurricane season in the Southeast?




    1. Why did people build lighthouses along the coasts in the Southeast?



    1. What animals live in the swamps of the Southeast?



    1. Name three major crops of the Southeast.



    1. What Southeastern state is a major producer of rice?



    1. Name three products of the logging industry.



    1. What Southeastern resource do many power plants burn to run their generators?


Regions

Chapter 7 Review




    1. How was Cherokee culture different before the Europeans arrived from Cherokee culture after the Europeans arrived?




    1. What forced the Cherokee to give up their land and travel west on a journey called the Trail of Tears?



    1. Name three major businesses run by the North Carolina Cherokee today.



    1. Where did Juan Ponce de Leon explore?



    1. What was the first permanent European settlement in the area that is now the US.



    1. Name three men from the Southeast who became President.



    1. What industry helped people in the Southeast become rich and powerful?



    1. What was one cause of the civil war?




    1. List three effects of the Civil War on the Southeast.



    1. List three things that happened in the Southeast during Reconstruction.



    1. Who was the main leader of the Civil Rights movement of the 1950’s and 1960’s?



    1. Where was the first gold rush in the US?



    1. Name three kinds of transportation in Atlanta, GA.



    1. What is one reason cities in the Southeast are growing rapidly?




    1. What are three reasons people have moved to Chapel Hill, NC?

Regions

Chapter 8 Review


1.1 According to the book, what created the Great Lakes?

1.2 What is a canal?

1.3 What connects the Great Lakes to the Atlantic Ocean?

1.4 Why did the engineers change the flow of the Chicago River?

1.5 Define barge.

1.6 What is one advantage of shipping goods by barge?

2.1 According to the book what did the badlands look like millions of years ago?

2.2 Why did the climate of the badlands become cooler and less humid?

2.3 What is erosion?



2.4 Name three things you would probably see on a prairie.

3.1 Why is the Midwest and important agricultural region?

3.2 Why is the area of the central plains known as the Corn Belt?



3.3 Name three main crops grown in the Midwest.

3.4 How does the irrigation help farmers?

3.5 What is a very important product of Wisconsin?


Regions

Chapter 9 Review


1.1 Describe the early Ojibwa way of life.

1.2 What do the Ojibwa of today have in common with the early Ojibwa?

2.1 Fur trading posts were set up along Midwest rivers and lakes following the route of which two explorers?

2.2 What two major Midwestern cities began as forts or trading posts?

2.3 Name three effects of fur trading on the Midwest.

3.1 What are three things Midwestern pioneers did when they first arrived in the Midwest?

3.2 What is one disadvantage of homes built out of sod?



3.3 What problem did John Deere help Midwestern farmers solve?

3.4 What can happen to farmland during times of drought?

4.1 Describe Cahokia, the ancient Midwest trading center.

4.2 Name three things that Lewis and Clark did.

4.3 Why did President Thomas Jefferson want to find a water route to the west?

4.4 How did steamboats help farmers in the early eighteen hundreds?

4.5 What was one advantage of shipping by rail instead of by steamboat?



Regions

Chapter 10 Review


1.1 Which river wore away rock and helped carve out the Grand Canyon?

1.2 Why are the formations in the Grand Canyon always changing?

1.3 Name three causes of the canyon’s continued erosion.

1.4 What is one reason why the Grand Canyon was made a national park?



1.5 Names three reasons that people visit the Grand Canyon today.

2.1 Describe the climate of the southwest.


2.2 Name three climates that can be found in the southwest.


2.3 What is a desert?



2.4 How has the Saguaro adapted to little rainfall?

2.5 What is one way that the Saguaro helps desert wildlife?


3.1 What does it mean when a resource is non-renewable?



3.2 Is oil renewable or non-renewable?

3.3 Name three technology industries in the southwest.

3.4 Which southwest state has the laboratories that develop military resources and study nuclear energy?



3.5 What is the Very Large Array?
Regions

Chapter 11 Review


1.1 What were Navajo hogans made of?

1.2 What was the destination of the Navajo on “the long walk”



1.3 Tell three things about the long walk.

1.4 How often are Navajo tribal council members elected?



2.1 Tell three things about the Spanish missions.

2.2 How did the Spanish missions help the Native Americans?



2.3 Name three things of the Spanish brought to the southwest.

2.4 What culture has the most influence in the southwest today?



3.1 How did Phillip Armour help the cattle industry grow in the southwest?

3.2 Why did Texas cowboys need an easy way to get their cattle to Kansas?

3.3 Name three jobs of the cowboys in the southwest .

3.4 Where did the Chisholm Trail begin?


3.5 Name three ways that ranching in the southwest today is different from ranching in the past.



Regions

Chapter 12 Review


1.1 What is the largest system of mountains in the United States?

1.2 How are volcanoes similar to geysers?

1.3 How are the Rockies like some of the other mountain ranges in the United States?

1.4 Name three mountain ranges located in the west.

1.5 Name three mountain ranges that do not have a volcano.

2.1 Which western state has very cold temperatures?

2.2 How is the climate of Hawaii similar to the climate of California?

2.3 Describe the climate of the great basin.


2.4 In which state is the wettest place on earth located.

2.5 Which side of the Cascade Mountains receives more rain?

3.1 Which state of the west produces the widest variety of fruits and vegetables and nuts?

3.2 Which western state is the biggest producer of potatoes in the United States?

3.3 Which state includes fish as a major source of income?

3.4 How are Alaska and Hawaii alike?

3.5 What product is provided by the timber industry?

Regions

Chapter 13 Review


1.1 T or F The Tlingit did not communicate with other tribes.

1.2 How did the Tlingit use the natural resources of their region?

1.3 Why did the Tlingit hold potlatches?



1.4 How are potlatches today different from potlatches in the past?

1.5 How are the lives of the Tlingit today similar to the lives of their ancestors?

2.1 Why did people explore the West?

2.2 What caused San Francisco to grow into a large city?

2.3 What caused boom towns to become ghost towns?

2.4 What changes occurred to give the “Wild West” its name?



2.5 T of F Alaska was the 50th state to join the union

3.1 Why is Los Angeles a popular place to live and visit?

3.2 Name an important industry in Seattle

3.3 How is tourism in Salt Lake City different from tourism in L.A.?

3.4 Name three things the US imports from the Pacific Rim.

Regions

Guided Reading


ANSWER KEY

http://images.betterworldbooks.com/032/scott-foresman-social-studies-regions-pearson-education-9780328239740.jpg

Regions

Chapter 1 KEY


1.1 List the 5 regions of the US.

Northeast, Southeast, Midwest, Southwest, West


1.2 What landform makes up most of the Midwest?
Plains
1.3 The Grand Canyon is in which region?
Southwest
1.3 How are regional boundaries different from state boundaries?

They are not set by law


1.4 How are regional boundaries determined?
Major landform
2.1 How is climate different from weather?
Climate is based on average weather over a long time
2.2 What are the two major factors of climate and weather?
Temperature and precipitation
2.3 Which of these is not a factor that affects climate? (Distance from the equator, Population, Elevation, Distance from a large body of water)
Population

2.4 What type of climate describes an area that is warm all year round?

Tropical
2.5 Describe the climate of the southwest region.
Hot and dry
3.1 What is the most valuable resource of the northeast region?

Coal
3.2 Which of these is NOT a major resource of the southwest region?

(Oil, Gold, Cotton, Natural Gas)
Gold
3.3 How is a renewable resource different from a nonrenewable resource?

A renewable resource can be replaced


3.4 Which of these is nonrenewable? (Soil, Trees, Oil, Water)

Oil
3.5 Define “Human Resource.”


People who make products or provide services

Regions

Chapter 2 KEY


1.1 According to some scientists, how did the first Americans arrive in North America?
They walked across the Bering Strait from Siberia
1.2 Name three reasons explorers and settlers came to North America.

Gold, Land, Christianity


1.3 What was the purpose of Christopher Columbus’s first voyage to America?
Find a short route to India
1.4 How did Florida become part of the US?
Purchased from Spain
1.5 How did Oregon become part of the US?
Given by Britain
1.6 How did Louisiana become part of the US?
Bought from France
1.7 Name three ways the US expanded from the Atlantic to the Pacific.
Treaties, Buying, War
2.1 What is the constitution?
Written plan for government
2.2 At what level of government do citizens elect a mayor?

Local
2.3 Which branch of government makes the nation’s laws?


Legislative
2.4 Who is the head of the executive branch?
President
2.5 How can the US Constitution be changed?
Amendment
3.1 What is one way a person can become a citizen of the US?
Be born in the US
3.2 Which of these is NOT a service paid for by taxes? (Maintaining roads, Making new parks, Building schools, Buying school supplies)
Buying school supplies
3.3 List three responsibilities of a US citizen.

Pay taxes, Obey laws, Serve on a jury


3.4 List three responsibilities of US children
Learn how government works, Learn US history, Be educated
3.5 Why is it important for Americans to vote?
To make sure government represents the people

Regions

Chapter 3 KEY


1.1 What might have drawn the first Americans to North America?
They followed migrating animals
1.2 Why did many settlers move west during the 1800’s?
To find more land
1.3 What discovery in 1848 led many people to move to California?
Gold
1.4 Which of the following is NOT a change that occurred in the 1800’s? (Many people moved from cities to rural areas, Industries grew near the source of raw materials, Many people left farming to work in cities, Railroads expanded across the country)
Many people moved from cities to rural areas
2.1 How did people barter to get the things they needed?
They traded goods and services they had for those they needed
2.2 What role do producers play in the economy?
They make goods or products to sell for profit
2.3 How does a business make a profit?

It sets the price for its goods or services high enough to pay for its costs and have money left over


2.4 In a free enterprise economy, a business operates on what system?
Supply and demand
2.5 What might happen if a business makes more of a product than people want to buy?
The price of the product will decrease
2.6 If the supply of a popular product is much less than the demand for it, what will likely happen to the price?
It will go up
2.7 Which is NOT a way people contribute to the economy? (Learning skills needed in the workplace, Producing goods and services, Buying and selling goods, Trading by barter)
Trading by barter
3.1 How are the regions of the US interdependent?
They rely on one another for goods and services
3.2 How does transportation help economically interdependent regions?
It helps interdependent regions get the resources they need
3.3 Which of the following is NOT an example of globalization? (The parts of a computer are made all around the world, Dairy farms in Wisconsin make ice cream from milk, A local pizza restaurant holds a fundraiser to support a world-wide cause, or Bob’s Bike Shop is located on 321 Main Street in Yellow Springs.)
Bob’s Bike Shop is located at 321 Main Street
3.4 Which of the following factors has NOT increased world trade? (Globalization, Barter, Communication, Transportation)
Barter

Regions

Chapter 4 KEY


1.1 Niagara Falls is between which two Great Lakes?
Erie and Ontario


    1. Name three reasons Niagara Falls is important to the Northeast.

Produce electricity, people use the power to run machines, people spend money visiting the falls




    1. What is produced by hydropower plants along the Niagara River?

Hydroelectricity




    1. Name three mountain ranges in the Appalachian Mountains

White, Green, and Catskill Mountains




    1. What state in the northeast region does not border the Atlantic Ocean?

PA


    1. What is the largest of the Finger Lakes?

Lake Seneca




    1. Why do grapes grow well in the Finger Lakes region?

Warm air surrounding the Finger Lakes creates the right conditions for growing grapes


2.3 Name three ways water is essential to growing cranberries.

In winter, freezing water protects cranberries

Water protects cranberries from insects and disease

In the fall air pockets cause cranberries to rise


2.4 List the steps is maple syrup production.
Drill a hole in a tree and put in a tap

Sap is emptied into a barrel and taken to the sugar house

Sap is boiled until water evaporates and pure maple syrup remains


    1. Why does it take many hours to make maple syrup?

About 40 gallons of sap is needed to make one gallon of syrup




    1. How do many families in the Chesapeake Bay area make a living?

Harvesting the sea




    1. What are the people who fish Chesapeake Bay called?

Watermen



    1. How does soil around Chesapeake Bay get polluted?

Some factories dump waste on the land




    1. How does polluted soil get into Chesapeake Bay?

Rain and snow wash the soil into rivers which carry the soil into Chesapeake Bay




    1. What is one way people have tried to help save Chesapeake Bay?

Creating the Chesapeake Bay foundation



Regions

Chapter 5 KEY


1.1 What is a sachem?
A Narragansett ruler


    1. What did the Europeans trade with the Indians for furs.

Iron axes, hoes, kettles




    1. What three things happened once European settlers arrived in the Northeast?

Europeans and Indians traded, They distrusted one another, and Native Americans attacked the settlers




    1. What was the strongest Indian organization?

The Iroquois Confederacy




    1. List three steps in the founding of our country.

Colonists protest England’s laws and taxes

Colonists sign the Declaration of Independence

The Revolution begins at Lexington and Concord




    1. What was the first capital of the USA?

New York City




    1. What are three reasons immigrants came to the USA?

Find jobs

Get their own land

Escape war and other hardships




    1. Through which city did most Europeans come to the USA?

New York City




    1. Define abolitionist.

A reformer who believed slavery should be outlawed




    1. Name an important women’s rights leader.

Elizabeth Cady Stanton




    1. Why did women want the right to vote?

They believed women should have the same rights as men


4.1 Name three northeast cities that began as ports for ocean going ships.
New York City, Boston, Philadelphia


    1. How have Pittsburgh’s industries changed over the years.

Instead of just making steel, now Pittsburgh has a diverse group of industries.




    1. What do Philadelphia, New York, and Boston all have in common?

Many tourists visit landmarks there every year




    1. How do people in the northeast contribute to the economy of the region?

They work, shop and spend money



Regions

Chapter 6 KEY


1.1 Name three landforms found in the Southeast.
Beaches, wetlands, mountains


    1. How are the Barrier Islands formed?

Sediment is deposited by ocean waves, currents, and rivers into shallow areas off the coast




    1. Describe the Outer Coastal Plain.

Very flat, very low elevation, many kinds of wetlands




    1. How is the Inner Coastal Plain different from the Outer Coastal Plain?

The Outer Coastal Plain is higher elevation




    1. What landform in the Southeast has the highest elevation?

Appalachian Mountains




    1. Describe the weather of the Florida Keys.

Sunny and mild




    1. Describe the climate of the states in the coastal plain.

Warm



    1. Describe a hurricane.

Strong winds that move in a circular path with heavy rains




    1. What time of year is hurricane season in the Southeast?

June to the beginning of November




    1. Why did people build lighthouses along the coasts in the Southeast?

To help sailors avoid rocky conditions




    1. What animal lives in the swamps of the Southeast?

Alligators




    1. Name three major crops of the Southeast.

Soybeans, peanuts, oranges




    1. What Southeastern state is a major producer of rice?

Arkansas



    1. Name three products of the logging industry.

Paper, boards, furniture




    1. What Southeastern resource do many power plants burn to run their generators?

Coal
Regions

Chapter 7 KEY
1.1 How was Cherokee culture different before the Europeans arrived from Cherokee culture after the Europeans arrived?
Before the Europeans arrived the Cherokee hunted much of their food


    1. What forced the Cherokee to give up their land and travel west on a journey called the Trail of Tears?

The US Government




    1. Name three major businesses run by the North Carolina Cherokee today.

Shops for tourists, lumber, artwork and crafts




    1. Where did Juan Ponce de Leon explore?

Florida



    1. What was the first permanent European settlement in the area that is now the US?

St. Augustine




    1. Name three men from the Southeast who became President.

Washington, Jackson, Jefferson




    1. What industry helped people in the Southeast become rich and powerful?

Agriculture




    1. What was one cause of the civil war?

Disagreement on how much authority the national government should have




    1. List three effects of the Civil War on the Southeast.

One in four Confederate soldiers died

Many cities were burned down

Slavery became illegal




    1. List three things that happened in the Southeast during Reconstruction.

Farmers began planting crops again

The government established the Freedman’s Bureau

Rail lines were repaired




    1. Who was the main leader of the Civil Rights movement of the 1950’s and 1960’s?

Martin Luther King Jr.




    1. Where was the first gold rush in the US?

Dahlonega




    1. Name three kinds of transportation in Atlanta, GA.

Planes, Trains, Busses




    1. What is one reason cities in the Southeast are growing rapidly?

Many people are moving there from the northeast




    1. What are three reasons people have moved to Chapel Hill, NC?

It is a center of medical research

It is near other big cities

It is home to many businesses



Regions

Chapter 8 KEY


1.1 According to the book what created the Great Lakes?
Melting glaciers
1.2 What is a canal?
A waterway dug across the land for ships to go through
1.3 What connects the great lakes to the Atlantic Ocean?
The Saint Lawrence Seaway
1.4 Why did the engineers change the flow of the Chicago River?
Too connect Lake Michigan to the Mississippi river
1.5 Define barge.
A flat bottom boat
1.6 What is one advantage of shipping goods by barge?
It costs less than other methods
2.1 According to the book what did the badlands look like millions of years ago?
Rivers flowed through a lush green plain.
2.2 Why did the climate of the badlands become cooler and less humid?
Mountain ranges rose and blocked rain that once fell there
2.3 What is erosion?
The process by which water and wind wear away rock
2.4 Name three things you would probably see on a prairie.
Grass, sheep, cattle
3.1 Why is the Midwest an important agricultural region?
The growing season is long

The summers are warm

The soil is deep and rich
3.2 Why is the area of the central plains known as the Corn Belt?
It gets enough rain so that corn grows well there
3.3 Name three main crops grown in the Midwest.
Corn, soybeans, and wheat
3.4 How does the irrigation help farmers?
It allows them to bring water from Rivers or from underground to spread over their crops.
3.5 What is a very important product of Wisconsin?

Milk and dairy products.


Regions

Chapter 9 KEY


1.1 Describe the early Ojibwa way of life.
Birch bark canoes were their main method of transportation.

They traveled through the N Great Lakes region to gather food.

They grew only small amounts of vegetables.
1.2 What do the Ojibwa of today have in common with the early Ojibwa?
They still live, hunt, and fish in the northern Great Lakes region.
2.1 Fur trading posts were set up along Midwest rivers and lakes following the route of which two explorers?
Marquette and Joliet
2.2 What two major Midwestern cities began as forts or trading posts?
Chicago and Sault Saint Marie
2.3 Name three effects of fur trading on the Midwest.
Trading posts were setup where fur traders settled

Native Americans settled at the forts to farm and sell crops

Communities in major cities grew around the forts
3.1 What are three things Midwestern pioneers did when they first arrived in the Midwest?
Rushed in to claim land

Started farms

Built houses
3.2 What is one disadvantage of homes built out of sod?
They were hard to keep clean.
3.3 What problem did John Deere help Midwestern farmers solve?
That often prairie soil was hard to plow
3.4 What can happen to farmland during times of drought?
It can turn to dust and blow away
4.1 Describe Cahokia the ancient Midwest trading center.
Mountains were used for burial sites and ceremonies

It was close to the junction of three rivers

It was a meeting place for many cultures
4.2 Name three things that Lewis and Clark did.
Went in search of a water route from the Midwest to the Pacific.

Asked Native Americans to trade with pioneers.

Set out on their expedition from an area near Saint Louis.
4.3 Why did President Thomas Jefferson want to find a water route to the west?

To expand trade


4.4 How did steamboats help farmers in the early eighteen hundreds?
Farmers could ship their grain by boat to markets in Saint Louis
4.5 What was one advantage of shipping by rail instead of by steamboat?
Railroads could be built almost anywhere

Regions

Chapter 10 KEY


1.1 Which river wore away rock and helped carve out the Grand Canyon?
Colorado
1.2 Why are the formations in the Grand Canyon always changing?
Because erosion takes place all the time.
1.3 Name three causes of the canyon’s continued erosion.
Gravel and sand

Water from the river

Wind
1.4 What is one reason why the Grand Canyon was made a national park?
President Roosevelt wanted to preserve its beauty.
1.5 Name three reasons that people visit the Grand Canyon today.
To walk along the canyon’s edge

To listen to park rangers tell about the wildlife

It is an exciting time to hike into the canyon on one of its trails
2.1 Describe the climate of the southwest.
It snows

It is a desert

The climate is the same in all areas of the region.
2.2 Name three climates that can be found in the southwest.
Arid

Hot and humid

Dry and snowy

2.3 What is a desert?


An area that gets less than 10in. of rain each year.
2.4 How has the saguaro adapted to little rainfall?
It spreads its long, shallow roots to drink the rainwater.

Its ribbed trunks and branches expand to store water

It can store enough water to live through long dry periods
2.5 What is one way that the saguaro helps desert wildlife?
It provides shelter for many animals
3.1 What does it mean when a resource is non-renewable?
It cannot be replaced by nature
3.2 Is oil renewable or non-renewable?
Non-renewable
3.3 Name three technology industries in the southwest.
Aircraft and missile manufacturing

The computer radio and calculator production

Space industry
3.4 Which southwest state has the laboratories that develop military resources and study nuclear energy?
New Mexico
3.5 What is the Very Large Array?
One of the world’s largest radio observatories
Regions

Chapter 11 KEY


1.1 What were Navajo hogans made of?
They were made of poles that were covered with a layer of soil and bark.
1.2 What was the destination of the Navajo on “the Long Walk”?
Bosque Redondo
1.3 Tell three things about the Long Walk.
It was 300 miles long

Many died during the Long Walk

There was poor soil and unsafe water at the end.
1.4 How often are Navajo tribal council members elected?
Every four years
2.1 Tell three things about the Spanish missions.
They wanted to make Christians out of Native Americans

They supported themselves by raising crops and livestock

They claimed land
2.2 How did the Spanish missions help the Native Americans?
They protected them from their enemies
2.3 Name three things the Spanish brought to the southwest.
Cattle ranching

Spanish food

An issue language
2.4 What culture has the most influence in the southwest today?
Spanish
3.1 How did Phillip Armour help the cattle industry grow in the southwest?
He started a meat packing industry in Chicago that helped the market for beef grow
3.2 Why did Texas cowboys need an easy way to get their cattle to Kansas?
The cattle could be sent to meet packing plants from the railroad towns in Kansas
3.3 Name three jobs of the cowboys in the southwest.
Training horses

Guarding cattle

Driving cattle
3.4 Where did the Chisholm Trail begin?

San Antonio Texas


3.5 Name three ways that ranching in the southwest today is different from ranching in the past.
Ranchers raise crops to feed the animals

Animals drink mainly from wells so they don’t have to travel far

Many ranchers fence their land to keep cattle from wandering off
Regions

Chapter 12 KEY


1.1 What is the largest system of mountains in the United States?
Rocky Mountains
1.2 How are volcanoes similar to geysers?
Both are heated by magma and erupt
1.3 How are the Rockies like some of the other mountain ranges in the United States?
They have high rugged mountains with many peaks
1.4 Name three mountain ranges located in the west.
Cascade, Sierra, Olympic
1.5 Name three mountain ranges that do not have a volcano.
Cascade, Aleutian, Mt. Kilauea
2.1 Which western state has very cold temperature?
Alaska
2.2 How is the climate of Hawaii similar to the climate of California?
Temperatures in parts of California and Hawaii rarely drop below freezing
2.3 Describe the climate of the great basin.
Mild, cloudy and rainy
2.4 In which state is the wettest place on earth located?
Hawaii
2.5 Which side of the Cascade Mountains receives more rain?
West
3.1 Which state of the west produces the widest variety of fruits and vegetables and nuts?
California
3.2 Which western state is the biggest producer of potatoes in the United States?
Idaho
3.3 Which state includes fish as a major source of income?
Hawaii
3.4 How are Alaska and Hawaii alike?
They both have major fishing industries
3.5 What product is provided by the timber industry?
Paper
Regions

Chapter 13 KEY


1.1 T or F The Tlingit did not communicate with other tribes.
F
1.2 How did the Tlingit use the natural resources of their region?
They built homes from large planks of wood

They fished for salmon



They hunted deer and seals
1.3 Why did the Tlingit hold potlatches?
To celebrate important events
1.4 How are potlatches today different from potlatches in the past?
Today’s gifts include money
1.5 How are the lives of the Tlingit today similar to the lives of their ancestors?
They live on the same land
2.1 Why did people explore the West?
To find riches
2.2 What caused San Francisco to grow into a large city?
Gold Rush
2.3 What caused boom towns to become ghost towns?
The area was mined out
2.4 What changes occurred to give the “Wild West” its name?
Colorful and violent characters created legends
2.5 T of F Alaska was the 50th state to join the union.
F
3.1 Why is Los Angeles a popular place to live and visit?
Great weather
3.2 Name an important industry in Seattle.
Computer software
3.3 How is tourism in Salt Lake City different from tourism in L.A.?
In SLC tourists enjoy winter sports
3.4 Name three things the US imports from the Pacific Rim.
Cars, clothing, electronics


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